Feminism, however, can be defined as: “a concern with action, political or personal, the struggle for equality; valuing the individual, respect for the individual; and having an awareness or consciousness of oppression which may be experienced by women directly or men vicariously through women’s experiences” (Allan, 1993). According to the Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, the true goal of feminism is not for women to have more power than men, but to eliminate sexism and for society to express equality for everyone (Haslanger & Tuana, 2004). Earlier, feminism and nursing were not interrelated; however, the integration of the ideals of feminism into nursing could change the
Discuss the major contributions of feminist theory to the understanding of social And political life. Feminist theory has come to be recognised as an influential theory that has singled out the social exclusion of women. This could be seen as its main premise but it is a far broader perspective. Feminism has articulated that gender differences subjected to sex as argued have played a secondary role to men in the most influential decision making and power positions in society. This has caused the invisibility of women, which has become an indicator of inequality.
For the clarity of argument, I believe it is important to set a background to understand the cultural and theoretical arena from which black feminism was born. The early feminist agreement of feminism, revolved around the mainstream notion, that feminism was a movement organized exclusively around gender, without thinking about other oppressions (Roth, 2012). A large number of scholars about the second wave of feminist agree that the mainstream feminist movement was white and privileged (Roth, 2012); Crenshaw explains further, by adding that when feminism theory described women’s experiences about patriarchy, sexuality or other issues, “white women” were speaking “for and as women” (Crenshaw, 1989, pg 154) overlooking “how their own race functions
As I have stated time and time again, liberal feminism seeks equality, but not for everyone or to everyone. As bell hooks once said, “whether feminist or not, we all need to remember that visionary feminist goal which is not of a woman running the world as is, but a women doing our part to change the world so that freedom and justice, the opportunity to have optimal well-being, can be equally shared by everyone – female and male” (hooks,
According to Flax, feminist theory seeks to understand the power differential between men and women, seeks to understand women’s oppression—how it evolved, how it changes over time, how it is related to other forms of oppression and how to overcome these oppressions. She suggests that feminist theory is intimately related to action. Feminist theory is the foundation of action and there is no pretense that theory can be neutral. Within feminist theory is a commitment to change oppressive structures and to connect abstract ideas with concrete problems for political action. There has to be a commitment to do something
Alice Walker (1944- ) is considered as a writer who is the powerful woman at expressing political and social struggles on feminism. According to my perception, she has been named as a militant without weapon in order to bring equality for regarding inferior of black women in all the nations. Her vision consistently mirrors her concern with racial and political issues, particularly with the black woman's struggle for spiritual and political survival. Her political awareness, her Southern heritage, and her sense of the freedom made greatness into the revolution. Much of her writing reveals her concern for black women and their families.
Moreover, Intersectional feminism opens the door for oppressed women who are different from the overly white, middle class, cis-gendered and able-bodied women who claim to “want power for all women”, but will not advocate and let her privilege be called out by a woman of a different race. Another key point is that though people of white decent cannot be oppressed in the ways that a person of color can be, they can use their privilege to bring light upon the people who need help. If society would shine more light on the oppressed women of the world, then they could understand the trauma and heartbreak it feels like to not be treated equally to a woman of the Caucasian
According to the Oxford Dictionary, Feminism is the advocacy of women’s rights on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men. “If feminism is about equality, it means feminism needs to represent the struggles of women in all classes and careers. It means feminism needs to be about justice for women regardless of race, ethnicity, or national origin.” (everyday lifestyle) Crenshaw, who wrote the essay “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics”, argues that Black women are discriminated against in ways that often do not fit neatly within the legal categories of either “racism” or “sexism”—but as a combination of both racism and sexism. Yet the legal system has generally defined sexism as based upon an unspoken reference to the injustices confronted by all (including white) women, while defining racism to refer to those faced by all (including male) Blacks and other people of color. This framework frequently renders Black women legally “invisible” and without legal recourse.
In other words, feminism describes a culture in which women, because they are women, are treated differently than men, and that, in that difference of treatment, women are at disadvantage; feminism assumes that such treatment is cultural and thus possible to change and not simply “the way the world is and must be”; feminism looks to a different culture as possible, and values moving towards that culture; and feminism consist of activism, individually and in groups, to make personal and social change towards that more desirable culture. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott spearheaded the women’s Right convention in Seneca Falls, NY in 1848. The convention brought in more than 300 people. The discussion was focused on the social, civil, and religious condition of women. Their claim was that all people are created equal and should not be denied equality of opportunity because of gender.
What modern feminists refuse to admit is that feminism is only one side of a two-sided coin of inequality. A “movement” that advocates for the rights of one gender over another is sexist and unequal by nature. If feminists were striving for equality, then they wouldn’t be FEMinists. Being feminist, simply put, means that you want women to not only be equal to, but greater than men.. Thus, I believe that feminism is a poorly made masquerade to cover women’s desire to control men.
I hope to prove that Social feminism has been instrumental in the fight for the women rights especially the blacks. From the feminism theory, I hope to prove that women can acquire their liberation by ending of the economic and cultural repression. Social feminism encompasses Marxist and radical feminism. From Marxist feminism, I hope to confirm that capitalism greatly contributes to the female segregation within a society. In Radical feminism I desire to find that gender and patriarchy spread female segregation.