Europe and Asia had been engulfed in War World Two long before the United States was forced to join in on the Allies side. When the U.S. declared war on Japan, they had been dominating all throughout Asia in land, sea, and air. The U.S. navy at first where dealt a serious of defeats by the Japanese navy and all seemed lost. A single battle turned the tide of the war in the pacific and put the Japanese on the defensive. The United States began to push the Japanese back in a serious of major land and sea battles.
In the beginning of the war, the US marines sent about 70,000 soldiers to a island called Iwo Jima. The Marines didn 't know that they will be going up against Japanese soldiers that hid in small bunkers. When the marines were at Iwo Jima, many deaths occurred. Marines had trouble figuring out where enemy fire was being shot from. Eventually, marines figured out that out about the bunkers and took out every enemy that was in them till it was over.
Just before seven o’clock in the morning on Sunday, December seventh, 1941, the first wave of Japanese fighter planes attacked the American Naval base of Pearl Harbor. This attack completely took the United States of America by surprise. The first wave of attacked targeted the base’s airfields and battleships. The second wave of planes went after the remaining ships and the shipyards. Then, the Japanese dropped a one thousand seven hundred and sixty pound bomb on the U.S.S.
After the bombing, the United State troops approached the island. At their first sight, the troops thought that they had wiped out all of the Japanese troops. This is because the Japanese had dug a tremendous amount of underground tunnels and hideouts (Chen). This is why the United States had a very limited amount of success with the bombing. The Japanese Imperial Navy was instructed to stay in their positions until all of the beaches around Iwo Jima were full.
America had 3 aircraft carriers (Yorktown, Enterprise and Hornet), 8 cruisers, 14 destroyers, and the aircraft located at Midway. The Battle of Midway began quickly. Many bombs were dropped on the ships at sea. The turning point of the battle was when the Japanese battleships sunk because the aircraft in the sky forced them to shoot at the planes, but more bombers dropped bombs on the Japanese battleships, causing them to sink. This loss of Japanese aircraft proved a deciding factor in the battle.
Rough Draft #1 Battle of the Coral Sea was an air and naval engagement between the U.S. fleet and Japanese invasion force. “It was the world’s first all-carrier battle, and the first sea battle which neither side could see each other” (Pacific Aviation). The Battle of the Coral Sea helped the Battle of Midway (occurred on the following month)by destroying 2 Japanese carrier ships (Shokaku and Zuikaku.) The battle thwarted the invasion of Port Moresby to July 3 1942 (until the Battle of Midway settle the invasion). Japanese forces had been planning to invade Port Moresby in New Guinea.
The first reason being the pressure from Eisenhower’s superior in the United States to coordinate and send off a team of highly trained paratroopers. “Then, Montgomery had long been advising Eisenhower on the folly of a broad-front strategy, for that many military leaders in history had lost their hard-earned initiative by failing to concentrate their forces. This would allow Montgomery to launch his assault on the industrial heartland of Germany and end the war by Christmas.” (Greenarce 284) General Dwight D Eisenhower was the commander of the operation which would take over the land campaign from
Buckner. His troops were told to make a landing along the western coast of Okinawa, at Hagushi Bay. The Americans subjected the area to heavy bombardment for some time before making a landing. However, U.S. soldiers were left vulnerable to attack by enemy fighter aircraft, taking off either from the nearby Japanese mainland or from the island of Taiwan. All their decisions were influenced by the lesson they learned at the battle of Iwo Jima.
However, the plan ultimately failed because of the lack of communication between the troops and the miscalculations of the leaders. Churchill expected major-general John Lucas, in charge of the campaign, to take advantage of the surprise factor and strike an attack that would cut off the supply route to Cassino. But the latter decided against it and followed US commanding officer Mark Clark’s advice to dig artillery positions to secure the bridgehead. This delay would allow the Germans to prepare an opposition force. Even though there had been some errors they only influenced single operations of the conflict and therefore, did not have as great an effect on the length of the campaign as the strength of German
The dropping of the bombs were necessary and fair due to the refusal of the Japanese to surrender, the millions of lives saved by a quick end to the war, and the warnings given to the Japanese. To begin, the Japanese soldiers have it ingrained in their brains that it is dishonorable to surrender. The author of Drop the Bomb as agreed by saying that “the Japanese have demonstrated a willingness to fight to the death”. During the war there were many times for the Japanese to surrender, but it was never done. With this in mind, they would have continued to drag out the war, which shows that dropping the bombs sped up the war which lessened the casualties.
The final push was marked by the incorporation of American troops and specifically the battle for the beachheads and Sanananda it has been estimated that these last two battle have cost the lives of upwards of 10 000 Japanese lives. These events solidified the resolve of the Australian military, never to fight a battle on its own shores a policy that is still maintained, further the battle of Kokoda was one of the first occasions where Australia and American forces combined in a military alliance with this alliance strengthen from this point onward with Americas now being a major partner in the defence in the
In order for them to support the war, the government used propaganda to evoke feelings of nationalism. While the United States joined the war as an opportunity to get revenge on Japan, propaganda was often censored to guarantee that Americans only saw the damage Japanese soldiers had done to Americans. To insure that Americans would not be put off and maintain the desire for war, images of dead Americans were prevented from being published to the public. (“Supporting Evidence”). Government officials knew that citizens were unable to withstand the gruesome photos taken of the realities of the war.
naval base Pearl Harbor, for no reason. The biggest reason for attacking Pearl Harbor was that the Pacific Fleet, Pearl Harbor’s fleet, was the only thing that stood in the way of Japan taking over the South Pacific. At first, Japan wanted to destroy China, because of their marketing, but it soon became much bigger than that(Pearl Harbor). World domination was their main goal. Another reason for the attack was our relationship with Japan, for at the time war was inevitable between us and Japan.