Unit 2: Absolutism and Revolution Portfolio In this unit, you examined the American and French Revolutions. The American Revolution, sparked by conflict over British rule and influenced by Enlightenment ideas, broke colonial ties with a monarchy and yielded a new nation. The French Revolution, inspired by the American Revolution as well as the Enlightenment, freed French citizens from an absolute monarchy and secured equality before the law for all male citizens. In your unit study, you explored the causes and effects, characteristics, as well as the consequences, of each of these revolutions. What did they have in common?
The French Revolution all began after people in France decided it was time to fight for their rights and freedom and escape the tyranny that took place and give the people more power. At the time King Louis XVI was the French king and had power from 1774 to 1792 and was later executed in 1793. In France, the people were divided into three separate social estates, clergy, nobility, and the commoner as the lowest and the highest above all of course would be the king. The Enlightenment was a movement by intellectuals who promoted reason and science, and they began to question the system in place at the time in France and they began to spread revolutionary ideas that got people thinking about change. The “French Revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideals” and when the ideas began to spread people were newly educated about something they never thought about, and after
Joseph Warren: leader in medicine, politics, and revolution,” Warren is said to have participated during the battle of Lexington. He served as a soldier and a doctor to administer the rebels’ wounds. Afterwards he was elected to be the president of the Provincial Congress to be the executive leader of the colony. He was able to send his letters speedily to Benjamin Franklin in London and because of the extreme violence of General Gage, the British government was embarrassed. Afterwards, Warren was appointed a major general and soon defended Breed’s Hill.
The main ideas of the Enlightenment were reason, individualism, Fraternity, and skepticism. These main Enlightenment ideas triggered many goals for the French Revolution throughout the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizens. These goals were equality in all men, religious toleration, freedom of speech, and promotion Democracy. Throughout all the Enlightenment ideas and goals of the French Revolution, Napoleon did uphold Enlightenment ideas through the Napoleonic Code, but he mostly betrayed Enlightenment ideas because of when he declared himself an Emperor and when he disposed his fellow monarchs and appointed members of his family/friends to those posts. The Enlightenment sparked and altered many future events because of its significant ideas.
The French Revolution was an extended period of change inspired by the popular mentalities of social and political dissatisfaction. By analysing Robert Darnton’s “Workers Revolt” from The Great Cat Massacre, Timothy Tackett’s “When the King took Flight,” and Madame Roland’s “Memoirs of Madame Roland,” one can better understand the evolution of these popular mentalities leading up to and during the Revolution. Together these three texts provide a holistic perspective of the French Revolution by showing how the ideas of human rights and legitimate political sovereignty influenced the popular mentalities during the Revolution. The methods of popular action chosen to express these feelings of dissatisfaction would lead to the progression from moderate constitutional reform to the radical overthrow of the monarchy. In “Workers Revolt,” in The Great Cat Massacre, Robert Danton attempts to explain the hilarity of an orchestrated cat massacre by several printing apprentices in the 17th Century.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was an educated watchmaker, political scientist and philosopher born in Geneva, Switzerland in 1712. He well-known as a famous French speaking philosopher, but he always describe himself as being Genevan. In addition, when he was 10 years old his family forced to flee Geneva to Paris. Moreover, Rousseau lived in 18th century during the age of enlightenment, his political ideology influenced the French revolution (1789-1799) and aided the development of nationalism and socialist theories. Rousseau provided his life for reading and writing he wrote a music, philosophy, romantic books, for such a reason like that many later philosopher were influenced by him.
The French revolution and human nature A review of the literature Name School Abstract The French revolution was a time of great change in France. It was sparked by rebellion and necessity for change. It was dominated by social antagonism between the bourgeoisie and the aristocracy. The paper aims at providing an insight into the factors that caused the French revolution and the themes that emerged during the revolution. It further explores the significance of the revolution and its significance to date towards our system of thinking and interaction.
These problems were arguably, only a few of the ones that ultimately led to the French revolution and in a closer time period, the Physiocracy movement. There are many various names concerned with the physiocratic movements. It was a large movement with a surge of literature and writings with economic points of views. Names such as James Turgot but one name stood out above all the rest in reference to the physiocratic movement; Francois Quesnay. A medical doctor in the King’s court in France, Francois
Bastille The Bastille, a medieval fortress located on the east of Paris, was a known as an important trigger to the French Revolution. The Bastille went from being a source of protection to the citizens of French to fearing the Bastille due to the imprisonments from king. It developed from keeping the people alive to the death of hundreds due to a revolution. The development demonstrated the many things that led to the French Revolution and the important symbols of France. The Bastille was built on April 22, 1370, on the orders of Charles V as protection to the city of Paris against any attacks from the the opposing armies.
King Louis XVI was the ruler at the start of the revolution. The French Republic was created at the National Convention in September 1792. This eliminated the absolute monarchy but to make it official the revolutionaries decided to execute the king by guillotine. “The execution of the king created new enemies for the revolution, both at home and abroad” (Spielvogel). This quote shows the destruction this had on France.
The fact that his brother helped out, he wanted to volunteer even more eager to help as well in the war. Unfortunately, the timing of his liking was bad, because the war became more intense. In the city of Toronto, Pearson enrolled at Victoria University in 1913 at the age of sixteen, which was too young to volunteer to join the military forces. He also attended St John 's College in Oxford, and McGill University. Afterward, on April 23rd, 1915, Lester Pearson joined the University of Toronto’s hospital unit and became part of the Canadian Army Medical Corps and left the country a while later.
As the fame of the guillotine grew, so too did the reputations of its operators. Executioners won a great deal of notoriety during the French Revolution, when they were closely judged on how quickly and precisely they could orchestrate multiple beheadings. The job was often a family business. Multiple generations of the famed Sanson family served as state executioner from 1792 to 1847, and were responsible for dropping the blade on King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, among thousands of others. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the role of chief headsman fell to Louis and Anatole Deibler, a father and son pair whose combined tenure extended from 1879 to 1939.
The enlightenment definitely played a pivotal role in the revolution, the ideas and works of well known enlightenment identities like Voltaire, rosseau, locke, and monstesque were highly influential during the era of the French revolution. Ideas that were developed during the period of the enlightenment led the lower class to become upset by the way they were being treated under the government. Correspondent to the ideas of enlightenment john locke philosophy, the boruqoosi essentially wanted life, liberty and property. The liberal ideas continued to influence the events of the revolution. The bourgeiosi created the national assembly which published the declaration of the rights of man and citizen.