Other conflict that stemmed from the formation of the Constitution was the development of two different groups; the Federalists, those who supported the Constitution and the Antifederalists, those who did not support the Constitution. Federalists sought to reform the government system by implementing an executive power to act as a mediator for states so that no specific state had more power than the other and so that critical deeds can be executed without problem, such as collecting taxes. Anti-Federalists wanted to stray away from an authoritative power, fearing that a powerful and distant government would not serve for the interests and needs of the citizens. They also complained that the Constitution failed to guarantee individual liberties in
Diametrically opposed, their views on the future of the country fueled the creation of political parties and led to the two men emerging as the figureheads of those respective parties. While Jefferson is justly portrayed as Hamilton’s chief political foe, his opposition with fellow Federalist and Founding Father, John Adams, was no less volatile. John Adams was a member of the Federalist Party and served as George Washington’s Vice-President, yet he and Hamilton were not equals and initially had a strictly professional relationship that would later
Before Jefferson entered the presidential office he was a states rights supporter and when the tax on whiskey was placed he opposed it, saying “The first error was to admit it by the Constitution.” (Doc A). He didn’t like the constitution because of the fact that it would make central government stronger. When the alien act was passed he was opposed to it and said that the central government should only have a set of specific purposes and the leftover purposes should be left to the states individually. (Doc B) Determining the amount of time it takes to be a citizen, and the ability to jail people opposing the government was too much power to Jefferson. When he came into office he realized the necessity for more central power and took more matters into his own hands, he had become a loose constructionist.
Hamilton and James Madison joined forces to persuade Congress to send a delegation to convince Rhode Island to change its mind. They issued a report that argued that Congress needed financial autonomy and also that Congress needed to be able to put laws in place that would override those of individual states. Virginia 's rescission of its ratification ended the Rhode Island negotiations. Hamilton was frustrated at the failure of the establishment of a national funding system and at the weakness of the central government and so he drafted a call to revise the Articles of Confederation, which contained many features of the future US Constitution. These features included a strong federal government that
Unfortunately, every source has their limits. Federalist 51 and the other federalist papers only show the federalists’ side of the argument, so a historian can’t learn what anti-federalist thought of the Constitution and their opinions on the new ideas for government though the Federalist Papers. Also, historians are unable to see the general public 's opinions and reaction to the constitution and federalist papers; nor the effects of the papers and if the achieved their intended goal. Another limitation is that, while Federalist 51 can give insight into the creators’ thoughts and intentions, the language used in Federalist 51 is much more formal and complex than of the current era, and consequently, there can be errors when analyzing and interpreting due to language usage and
However, Thoreau was protesting the nature of government. He saw no difference between the state, the local and the federal government. Rosenwald points out that, while the state of Massachusetts was against slavery, their law enforcement and court system enforced the Fugitive Slaw law by not preventing the return of slaves to the southern states. This was the type of thinking that ultimately leads Northerners to the action that a Civil War was necessary to resolve the slavery issue. Thoreau’s basis for civil disobedience is not to separate oneself from the government but to influence the government to serve the better interests of society.
These events all led to the signing of the Alien and Sedition Acts (History 1). However, the Republicans were against these acts and argued that states had the right to nullify a federal law, leading to the creation of The Virgina and Kentucky Resolutions, which said that states have the power to choose which federal laws they want to follow. Since it was said that the states voluntarily joined the union, they could devide that the federal government went over its borders and pick and choose what federal laws they want to follow (United States History 1). The Alien and Sedition Acts severely detracted from natural rights, such as the freedom of speech. When the first ten amendments were ratified, citizens were promised the freedom of speech, allowing all humans to give their opinion about the government without punishment.
The Federalist party was comprised of Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, James Madison, George Washington, Charles C. Pinckney, DeWitt Clinton and Rufus King the paramount objective set by federalist Members was a fiscally sound and nationalistic government which promoted the system of checks and balances laid out in the US Constitution for the three branches of government. The federalist Party can be perceived as elitist, and its leaders scorned democracy, widespread suffrage, and open elections, however, the acceptance of these notions didn’t escape Ramifications as they lost the support of the general population due to their favoritism of the exclusive class group. The Federalists despite their invalidation etched a lasting legacy in America politics in the form of a strong federal government with a sound financial base and they decisively shaped Supreme Court policy for another three decades through the person of Chief Justice John
A tyranny is a person who is given all the power to himself or herself to dominate a country. For example, President James Madison wanted a constitution that will frame a strong central government with most of the power, but was afraid to create to create a tyranny at the same time. So Madison decided to divide the federal government in branches. The framers of the constitution avoided tyranny by using federalism, separating federal power/checks and balances, and small/large state compromise. One way how tyranny was avoided was by using federalism.
Federalism is restricted that governments decide to take care of the issue of administering substantial populaces and different societies. Federalism lives up to expectations by separating its power and responsibility, instead of a unitary government, in which the focal government controls everything. The Anti-Federalists contradicted the US 's ratification Constitution; however they never composed effectively over each of the thirteen states, thus needed to battle the ratification at each state tradition. Their awesome achievement was in driving the first Congress under the new Constitution to set up a bill of rights to guarantee the freedoms the Anti-Federalists felt the Constitution disregarded. I support the Federalism in light of the fact
Even more disturbing to Washington was the emergence of a new form of political activity where the public divided into opposing parties. 48. Madison was a leader of the Jeffersonian Republicans and Hamilton was a Federalist who believed in a strong central government. The role of Madison was to build a powerful, energetic government. The founders of the political parties came during Washington 's administration.
Every constitution should have one for the people, and the government shouldn’t refuse to give on, as shown on Document E. The Letter to James Madison, Objections to the Constitution was written by Thomas Jefferson to explain what he disliked about the constitution to one of the writings, after the constitution was drafted and were awaiting ratification. Thomas Jefferson also asserts that he doesn’t like the fact that there is no rules and regulations in regard to office terms, and how the officers could get re-elected and serve for like, thus, will result with corruption
Federalist leader Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan was fought with opposition from the Republicans. Though Jefferson and Madison opposed, the financial plan was approved by congress. “The central government assumed all debt regulates and the National Bank provides and regulates currency” (Class notes). Taxes were places on imports and whiskey which caused s whiskey rebellion in 1794. “The Federalists saw the economic future in manufacturing, but not political role of “common man.” Little faith in democracy.” “Republicans saw political future of “common man” participating in republic, Faith in the new democracy, but failed to see that farming was not economic future.” (Class notes) Each group had ideas that needed support from one another.
Election of 1800 Jefferson and Burr tied in the number of electoral votes and then Hamilton supported Jefferson, which eventually won him the election. This was significant because political power was shifted between parties, peacefully. Also, it caused further conflict between Burr and Hamilton. Each side believed that victory by the other would ruin the nation. Overall, the Federalists wanted strong federal authority to restrain the excesses of popular majorities, while the Democratic-Republicans wanted to reduce national authority so that the people could rule more directly through state governments.
According to the map “Ratification of the Federal Constitution, 1787-1790,” a large amount of the states had a federalist majority, meaning that they supported the Constitution. Most of the Federalists were rich men who were large landowners, judges, lawyers, leading clergymen and merchants. Led by Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, James Madison, and George Washington, federalists “believed the national government was too wear under the Articles of Confederation” and wanted a strong federal government (Document 3). However, the antifederalists disagreed with the Constitution. They “feared strong national government would lead to tyranny” and wanted strong state governments (Document 3).