Addiction Being an addict is not something that is talked about often. In fact, people generally assume the worst about a person struggling with addiction. They often times feel an addict is just another junkie that doesn’t deserve to live. Every day an addict dies.
For this task I am going to discuss theories of communication which will be formatted in a booklet. I will also explain Argyle’s communication cycle and Tuckman’s group interaction. Argyles communication cycle When communicating with one another people must come to terms by trying to have an understanding of what the other person is trying to say. Communication is a circular process in which each person must have an understanding of one another’s viewpoint, they must also make sure that they are being understood.
Annie, a former nurse, has stockpiled a ton of a codeine based narcotic called Norvil which she uses to control paul. Over the course of the novel, Annie gives Paul so much Norvil that he becomes addicted and begins exhibiting withdrawal symptoms when she withholds it. While I personally have no experience with addiction, I once broke my rib and was given a low grade narcotic to relieve the excruciating pain. This helped me appreciate how much pain Paul was in and how desperately he craved the drugs to relieve the pain. Misery has really shown me just how much of a hold narcotics can have on one’s life.
The notoriety of Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde has made the narrative about the duality of man humanity known even to those who have never open the book nor seen the famous film adaptation. However, though it may not be immediately apparent, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is, at its core, a story of addiction. Britain’s Pharmacy Act of 1868 had sought to identify and eliminate the use of narcotics, and though the effects were largely beneficial at first, by the 1880’s, when Stevenson’s novella was first published, deaths related to opium were on the rise. It is no coincidence that the title character is a chemist, like those affected by the Pharmacy Act, nor is it a coincidence that he is the victim of an addiction. Stevenson employs the narrative to explore the physical, psychological, and social effects of addiction, as well as the social response. The story, then, serves as an attempt to humanize and understand addiction.
Within the text The Addict by Katherine Fleming it addresses several serious ideas and issues within Australian society. Fleming has conveyed these ideas through several structural and language conventions in order to convey her own values and beliefs around these issues. In The Addict We hear from the author and testimonials from Heath, A recovering addict and her interviewee. This article has been written for an Australian audience and was published in a state-wide newspaper called “The West Australian” and is distributed both digitally and physically.
Through Richard Morrison in Stephen King’s short story “Quitters, Inc.” it shows that love is stronger than any addiction. Morrison tells his wife, Cindy, that he is kicking the habit of smoking for her and their son, Alvin. When he learns that Quitters Inc.’s punishment involves his family; “How horrible would it be for the boy. He wouldn't understand it even if someone explained. He’ll only know someone is hurting him because Daddy was bad. He’ll be very frightened.”(Quitters 218) Morrison is so close to tears after hearing that and calls Donatti a “... filthy bastard.”(Quitters 218) This validates the thought of his wife and son suffering from his mistakes causes enough pain for him to avoid smoking. Further, When Morrison considers the
An article by Knepper (2013) mentioned that the presence of addiction interaction disorder in a person may promote his or her severity in the addiction cycle. Addiction interaction disorder was introduced by Carnes (2011) which means a person may have multiple addictions at the same time and these addictions combine to interact, reinforce and become part of one another. Looking at individuals who struggle with primary addiction: sexual and secondary addiction: alcohol, the secondary addiction may ritualize the primary addiction which makes a person alternate between the addiction cycles and relapse deeper to their addictive behavior (Carnes, 2011).
There is a basic model that helps create a prognosis on possible substance abuse disorders. This goes from exposure of the substance use, to substance dependence. The basic premise is that cultural and psychological influences the beginning use of substances. As psychological stressors are associated with the substance, then it leads to substance abuse. The biological and psychological influences will lead to substance dependence.
Both internal and external conflict can take an emotional toll on a patient who is dealing with the psychological and physiological effects of addiction. Also, these patients lose their able to function normally, and some healthcare personnel perceive their behaviors as deliberately preformed causing an excessive amount of stigma. Addiction leaves patients having to manage the pain and suffering of not being in control of their own bodies without much guidance of healthcare personnel. However, patients would not have to persevere through addition consequences of addiction if professionals – especially pharmacists – had enhanced education of addiction which would possibly alleviate
The point of this addition is to demonstrate how drugs control contemporary society. Despite being relatively well off everyone looks for a chance to escape into their own personal world and the higher ups provide the technology needed for this escapism. “The remedy was to make the holiday continues. Greedily she clamoured for ever larger, ever more frequent doses. Dr. Shaw at first demurred; then let her have what she wanted.
Communicators… discover meaning from the context in which a message is delivered” (Adler & Elmhorst, 2008). In the movie, Ian represents to a straight-talking style reflecting
Sharon was a stay at home mom that didn’t have to work because her husband took care of her and the children. Sharon also reported that she was raised by her mother and didn’t have a father figure in her life. After her husband passed away she had to start working to financially provide for the children. Sharon reported she started using opiates more after she started working.
When the communication in the family members is in indirect, unclear, vague, dishonest, distorted, and incomplete, it is a poor communication. The tense relationship may cause because of the different understanding on social event, Simon thought parents are over-reacting, and then tended to have less communication. Therefore when Simon was highly involved in the Umbrella Movement, Cindy felt stressful and anxious. Also Simon seldom shares his daily life to the family members. Communication is indirect, unclear and incomplete.
Addiction is the reliance on a routine. There are many addictive stages. Addiction, as it comes along, becomes a way of life. The persistent use of the substance causes to the user serious physical or psychological problems and dysfunctions in major areas of his or her life. The drug user continues to use substances and the compulsive behavior despite the harmful consequences, and tries to systematically avoid responsibility and reality, while he or she tends to isolate himself/herself from others because of guilt and pain (Angres, & Bettinardi-Angres, 2008). All these characteristics led to the conclusion that drug addiction is a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use. It is considered as a brain disease because drugs change the structure of the brain, and how it works. Every drug affects different systems of the brain. For example, in the case of cocaine, as the brain is adapted in the presence of the specific drug, brain regions responsible for judgment, decision-making, learning, and memory begin to physically change, making certain behaviors “hard-wired.” In some brain regions, connections between neurons are pruned back. In others, neurons form more connections. (Martin, 2000) These brain changes can be long-lasting and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs.