The ideas of the Enlightenment influenced the American Revolution and the formation of the American Government. Firstly, The Enlightenment was a philosophical evolution that emphasized the aged ideas of the Greeks and Romans. In addition, the major philosophers of this time period were Voltaire, John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Rousseau, Adam Smith and Isaac Newton. Their ideals include having an absolute monarch as a government (T.H), the separation of powers (Mont.), the government should not interfere with a free market economy (A.S), the freedom of speech (Volt.), the government could be overruled (J.L), and the government should rule according to the will of the people. Nevertheless, these ideals are important because they shaped the government that we have today.
Unlike outer experiences, inner experiences can differ from person to person. Thomas Jefferson and his colleagues used the “Tabula Rasa Theory of Human Behavior” as reference when writing the Declaration of Independence because Locke believed every person deserves a shot at happiness since birth. In the Declaration of Independence, our founding fathers write that the “pursuit of
There were many philosophers in the 17th and 18th century that influenced and inspired the founders of our country. For instance, John Locke believed that life, liberty, and property should be our natural rights as humans and if the government could not secure these rights then the people could get rid of them. That idea impacted Thomas Jefferson when he wrote the Declaration of Independence. This was the perfect time to develop different theories and contradictions because this was right around the time of the printing press and protestant reformation where people started to question the catholic church. Other philosophers like Thomas Hobbes, Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Rousseau impacted founders like George Washington and James Madison who have positively affected this country in many different ways.
The philosopher whose ideas were most effective during the revolutions was an English philosopher named John Locke. Locke had a direct impact on the French Revolution and the American Revolution. Locke believed people are born free and equal with 3 natural rights(life, liberty, and property). Locke's theory had a deep influence on modern political thinking, which directly influenced the American Revolution.
These reasons are why Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence epitomizes the meaning of effectiveness in writing, with a few words on a piece of parchment he started a revolution. Thomas Jefferson uses a gambit of persuasive appeals in his essay the Declaration of Independence. The first of these persuasive is pathos or the passion he uses with his choice of words “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness” (Jefferson). The power behind these words move the
It is true that there that are other strong legal system influences on the American legal system. Some might say that the English Bill of Rights should be at least in the top three. They might say that that structure had a big part on the creation of American laws. However, the most important influence on the American legal system is Hammurabi’s code, because it is an extremely useful source for discussions of Mesopotamian government and society is the Babylonian document Hammurabi’s Code (approximately 1780 BCE).
When the United States was being founded, the men charged with the creation of this novel system of government drew inspiration from a number of well-known English political philosophers. One of the most overt influences, not merely on the Constitution, but even the Declaration of Independence, was John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government. His depiction of both the State of Nature and its transition into civil society served as the mirror to the American notion and understanding of the purposes of government. Another less discussed but no less intrinsic influence on the founding document came from Thomas Hobbes in his work, Leviathan.
Benjamin Franklin was a very important man in the Enlightenment period due to his vast knowledge of science and politics. The American Enlightenment provided the structure for the colonists of America to evolve into a unique American character by 1763 through the circulation of reading materials, the scientific discoveries that lead to unique inventions, the development of a different government, and the tolerance for many religions. This evolution can be assessed by the life of Benjamin Franklin, a key proponent of the Enlightenment. The 18th century was when Britain and its colonies grew closer because of the circulation in letters, newspapers, and books.
Jefferson was a Virginian statesman, scientist, diplomat and overall a very well educated and practical man. With his clear and level views he became the author of The Declaration of Independence. This document would go on to change the new world for the better of its citizens and allow The Enlightenment ideas to live
Lead by David Hume, he believed that moral judgement was derived from passion. Living from 1711-1776 David hume would become well renowned for his statement that there is no permanent self that continues on. Hume would later go on to say that morality is not something that can be judged, but rather felt inside of a person and that all knowledge is from sense
John Locke was an english philosopher and a political theorist who was a major contribution to the enlightenment era, and made contributions to the development of liberalism, which led him to be known as the father of liberalism. Locke wrote many influential essays and believed that People were born with natural rights which are Life, liberty, and property,cannot be taken away by law, his writings influenced Thomas Jefferson when writing the Declaration of Independence. John locke became one of the most influential people in government and always wanted to bring people together. In Ender's Game, John Locke relates to Peter when him and Valentine used pseudonyms to “take over the world” the character of Peter was much like John Locke, Peter
The French revolution During the French revolution, many different events were taking place, all with the same three ideas in mind, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. The people of Europe at this time knew that a formal constitution must be made to keep their country in order. At the time, sovereignty was being thrown around to different kings, people, and lines of royal descent. The thought of the people included giving equal sovereignty to their elected leader, and the people of Europe. Although the forming of the constitution did not take place until 1791, previous thinkers influenced the majority of the ideas put into the document.