Two major themes of family dynamics and childhood victimization are a constant thread found in juvenile delinquency research and literature. Specific family structures contribute to the likelihood of delinquency more than others. Nuclear, blended, parental cohabitation, single parent, and incarcerated parent family structures affect the incidences of juvenile delinquency to varying degrees. Adding one variable on top of others compounds the stressors that increase the probability of juvenile delinquency. Each style of the family unit has traits that alter the risk of delinquency.
Another theory that many other people favor to believe causes juvenile delinquency is the social control/social bond theory. The social control/social bond theory was created by Travis Hirschi (Bates & Swan, 2018). Hirschi theory disagrees with Sutherland’s theory. Hirschi theory believes juvenile delinquency is not a learned behavior (Bates & Swan, 2018). Instead, Hirschi believes that delinquent activities is a given and we all are capable, and willing participants in delinquency (Bates &Swan, 2018).
The set of the structural-functional theories are among the most widespread perspectives on the juvenile delinquency. The group of the theories regards that the behavior of the underage delinquent is caused by the breakdown of the social process that consequently results in the increase of conformity (Thompson & Bynum, 2016). The group of theories presumably blame institutions that are responsible for the socialization of the young delinquents for the way the socialize the individuals by causing them to conform to the values of the society. One of the central theories of the juvenile delinquency is the anomie theory that is rooted in the early studies by the sociologist Emile Durkheim.
In learning about Juvenile delinquency and theories on why delinquency occurs, I found that the choice theory was most applicable to a variety of juveniles and the reason why they choose to commit crimes. The choice theory suggests that “Juvenile offenders are rational decision makers who choose to engage in antisocial activity because they believe their actions will be beneficial”. (Siegel and Welsh, 2016, p. 58) It is my opinion, that most juveniles do have the ability to think for themselves and weigh the pros and the cons to committing a crime. I liked this theory most because I strongly agree that in the majority of juvenile delinquency cases, the act is a product of choice.
Social capital is the idea how social relationships form a functional society. The accumulation of social capital improves the likelihood of a positive lifestyle and predictable positive behaviors. Children who accumulate social capital inhibit the likelihood of deviant actions while the loss of social capital increases the likelihood of deviant behavior. Siegal and Welsh state “losing social capital has a cumulative effect, when kids are exposed to more disadvantages the likelihood of their entering a delinquent and criminal career increases” (Siegal and Welsh, 2014, p. 137). Another important element of social capital involves romantic relationships.
Thomson’s article “Startling Finds on Teenage Brains” allows readers to understand that unlike adults, juveniles undergo biological changes which increases the likelihood of them committing crimes. Compounding this evidence with society’s infatuation with violence as depicted in Jenkin’s article “On the Punishment of Teen Killers”, readers can begin to acknowledge that contrary to adults, juveniles who commit heinous crimes are not in complete control of their actions. Furthermore, as a society we should no longer stand to sentence juveniles to life without parole because juveniles are still “malleable”, able to be reformed which is made evident in Garinger article “ Juveniles Don’t Deserve Life Sentences”. As informed members of society we have to be bridge builders, who are capable of crossing between the adult and adolescent world. It is only through these bridges that we are able to rescue kids from themselves.
Revision of Chapter 2: Pages 4-8 In most criminology theories there are determinate differences that drive juvenile delinquency that ideologies have tried to explain. One such approach to criminal behavior was explained through the Classical School of Criminology (Curran & Renzetti, 2001). It is explained that there is common factor among individuals when it comes to the motivation of committing crime (Nofziger, 2001). It i8s believed that people are rational and intelligent and exercise free will and calculate the benefits and costs of every act (Curran & Renzetti, 2001).
The management of juvenile delinquents is substantial in today’s society as the US youth population matures into the working class. The juvenile justice system is responsible for transforming misbehaved, unruly adolescents into active, productive contributors to society. Without proper juvenile correction regulations, much of the future generation could end up impoverished, homeless, or incriminated once again. Thus, it is indispensable that society remedies the character flaws present in young offenders to ensure the development of a capable generation of
Erikson’s first five stages followed the same sequence and core concepts as Freud’s and the element that bonds both their theories is that if someone has a difficulty in adulthood it is because they may not have resolved it in an earlier childhood conflict. For example, a child who does not resolve Erikson’s first stage of trust vs. mistrust will have problems trusting in adulthood. In Erikson’s third stage entitled initiative vs. guilt which takes place between the ages of 3-6, children internalize or accept responses from parents and peers and those internalized reactions follow them throughout their lives, and in turn, affect how they interact in society. For example, in a society where being assertive is valued an assertive child will get positive feedback and thrive. On the other hand, in a society where assertiveness is viewed negatively, the child will get negative responses from parents and peers and this will affect his development into an adult.
R. Sharma*, Sangeet Dhillon** & Sarmadi Bano noted that childhood incidents and experiences are significant in the development of criminality; on the other hand, it does not mean criminals expose their criminality early in life Causes of Juvenile delinquency required to understand from sociological theories of juvenile delinquency, these theories put prominence on the environment, social structures and the learning process. Yet, many factors that take part in vital part in a youngster’s delinquent behavior (B. R. Sharma*, Sangeet Dhillon** & Sarmadi Bano, 2009). The study by B. R Sharma, Sangeeth Dhillon and Sarmadi Bano (2009) they mentioned individual factors cause for Juvenile delinquency. Individual factors are personality traits like submissiveness, defiance, hostility, impulsiveness, feeling of insecurity, fear, lack of self-control and emotional conflicts whereas situational factors are family, companions, movies, school environment, work environment
Most juvenile criminals come to the awareness of the courts, social welfare agencies, and school leaders when they are too young. With adequate and innovative family or community programmes, it is possible to deter the youths from involving themselves in more delinquent activities. Early control of juvenile crimes can reduce the cases of juvenile delinquency. The implementation of these policies is a challenge but the results are very promising.
Thesis: Even though adult court systems can teach young criminals the true consequences of their actions better than juvenile faculties, juvenile facilities positively impact their lives by providing them with safety, giving them more attention through the use of rehabilitation methods and deterring children from crime. II. Body: A. Background Info: Within the court system, there lie two divisions –the adult court system and the juvenile court system. In the juvenile court system, most cases are dealt with through the use of rehabilitation methods by changing the child’s lifestyle. ii.
Child sexual abuse is a broad issue that can influence casualties prosperity and working over the life expectancy. This paper analyses child sexual abuse and a version endeavours through a general wellbeing model, applying that hypothetical edge to the instance of the Stop It Now media crusade. It additionally prescribes approaches to extend the general wellbeing reaction to child sexual abuse to upgrade both grown-up duty regarding tending to it and social association amongst youngsters and their parental figures general wellbeing reaction to it perceives numerous open doors for avoidance and intercession. Children who have been sexually abused may encounter the negative seaquelea of sexual child abuse over the life expectancy, and the impacts of abused may swell crosswise over eras.
Further, diverting juvenile offenders towards community and treatment-based programs have proven to be far more effective at addressing and preventing future delinquency in comparison to placing them in confinement. Additionally, diversion programs allow youths to separate themselves from the stigma of “youth delinquents” and channel their behavior towards a more positive outcome.
In Heilbruns book Juvenile Delinquency, he states that juvenile offenders and other adolescent behaviors have become a great concern in today’s society (2005). He then goes on to mention that this concern is made in many different ways, whether it be through law, legal terms, or