Juvenile Offender Arrest

761 Words4 Pages
Chapter 1 Definition, Measurements and Process introduces the history of the juvenile justice system and discusses the issues surrounding the transitioning of a child to an adult. The chapter also covers challenges the juvenile system faces, how delinquency and crime are measured based on the Uniform Crime Reports, self-report studies, and victimization surveys. The measure of youths as delinquents and victims is also discussed, as is a typology of juvenile delinquents. In 1899, the first juvenile court was established. Its establishment was solely based on the principle that children develop differently than adults so they therefore need to be treated differently. Furthermore, juveniles need to be treated differently from each other based…show more content…
The arrest and intake is also quite a complicated procedure, which becomes particularly difficult when a juvenile offender is involved. In fact, law enforcement agencies have limited opportunities to arrest a juvenile and hold him or her in jail as is the case of adult offenders. The main point is to put juvenile offenders under the control, whereas adult offenders are often restricted in their freedom being under arrest and intake. In fact, the main difference in the arrest and intake procedure between juvenile offenders and adults is that juvenile offenders are unlikely to go to jail, whereas adult offenders can be detained and kept intake, if they represent a threat to the public…show more content…
In contrast, in adult justice system, parole is primarily based on surveillance and monitoring of illicit behavior.The juvenile justice system aims at the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. The underlying rationales of the juvenile court system are that youth are developmentally different from adults and that their behavior is malleable. Rehabilitation and treatment, in addition to community protection, are considered to be primary and viable goals (Reiman, 2006). As for the adult justice system, it mainly focuses on the punishment of
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