Juvenile Crime Annotated Bibliography

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Annotated bibliography
Childress, S. (2016, June 2). More States Consider Raising the Age for Juvenile Crime. Retrieved from PBS: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/more-states-consider-raising-the-age-for-juvenile-crime/
More states are considering to raising the age for juvenile crimes before being tried as adult because young offender's mental capacity. The idea is to cut the cost of incarcerate young offender in adult prison and ensure offenders to receive proper education and specialized care to change their behavior. Putting children in adult prison does not deter crime. It has an opposite effect on young offenders. Hence, raising the age for juvenile crimes allow young offender have more time to focus on rehabilitation.
Cohn,
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In family structure, high parenting stress cause children’s problematic behavior especially in single parent. If the child has a high sense of school belonging, the child is likely to participate in delinquent behavior. The passage points out important areas to improve family structure and school belonging.
Merino, N. (2010). Juvenile Crime. United States: Greenhaven Publishing.
The book provides various opposing viewpoints regarding the cause of juvenile crime and how the criminal justice system should treat juvenile offenders. Each argument highlights the main risk factors for juvenile crime. For example, gang plays a large part of juvenile violence. Some teens become gang members because they feel a sense of belonging and protection. Therefore, the community should focus on building strong relationship and positive role-models. Other critics claim adult prison is not appropriate for juvenile offenders and should find better alternatives.
Mooney, C. (2013). Teen Violence: Teenage Problems. San Diego: ReferencePoint
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Children' brain are not fully developed yet. Thus, they do not realize the risks and consequences of their action. School-to-prison pipeline is arresting children for violating school rules. Statistic show drop out students are likely in jail for many reasons. Society need to focus more on education and spend less on prison, which can save thousands of taxpayers’ money.
Ozdemir, S. M. (2010). AN EXAMINATION OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS HELD FOR JUVENILE DELINQUENTS IN TURKEY. Education, 130(3), 384-398.
Juvenile delinquency occurs all around the world. In Turkey, experts agree individual characteristic, family's socioeconomic status, and peer group are contributing factors to juvenile delinquency. Studies show media and games may have indirect or direct relationship with delinquency. Educational and rehabilitative programs in Turkey focus on give young offenders opportunity to develop academically and individually. For example, the program's mission is to prepare convicts for life after being discharge to enable to develop better personalities, strengthen their education and gain new skills. Eventually, these convicts will lose their tendency for delinquent

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