Lifestyle Disease Research Paper

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2.1 A lifestyle disease is a disease linked to a person’s daily habits and is caused by a negative relationship with one’s environment. They differ from other diseases as they may be potentially prevented through lifestyle, diet and environmental changes.
An example of a lifestyle disease is obesity. Obesity is defined as a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health and may possibly lead to further health problems or a reduced life expectancy. It usually occurs due to the combined effects of poor eating habits such as overeating or an unhealthy diet and poor lifestyle choices such as inactivity. Obesity not only has many further physical health risks such as Type
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According to the South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (SANHANES) ,when grocery shopping price accounted for 64,5% of consideration while the healthiness of the food accounted for only 14,3%. This affects obesity as there is a large number of people with poor eating habits due to cost of living. This coupled with the busy lives of people increases the amount of fast food or “junk “ food consumed by people as fast food outlets and “junk” food are a quicker, more convenient and usually cheaper way of eating which fits people’s…show more content…
An unhealthy diet such as a high-calorie diet or sugar rich diet contributes to weight gain as well as further health problems (Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and strokes).
Perceptions and cultural beliefs in South Africa- overweight people may not start making good lifestyle choices due to perceptions regarding weight-loss. In South Africa many people still view weight-loss as synonymous to HIV/ Aids positivity.
Being overweight is also viewed as a sign of wealth and prosperity in many African cultures resulting in obesity being viewed positively and therefore going untreated.
2.3.2 It has been proven by various scientific studies, that physical activity reduces absenteeism in the workplace. This is due to the many positive effects of physical activities which reduce the chances of illness and prevent many lifestyle diseases. It is medically proven that people who regularly exercise reduce their risk to lifestyle diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes ,cancer and cardiovascular diseases by 35%- 65%. This is due to physical activity being an effective method of weight control and stress management (both being major contributing factor to many lifestyle diseases), lowering blood pressure, strengthening the immune system and improving cholesterol levels. Physical activity also regulates hormone levels and encourages a healthy mind it is therefore not only linked to physical health

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