Analytical paper Martin Luther’s contribution to reformation thought Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. He strongly disputed the Catholic view on indulgences that freedom from God 's punishment for sin could be purchased with money. Luther proposed an academic discussion of the practice and efficacy of indulgences in his Ninety-five Theses of 1517. His refusal to renounce all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the Pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Emperor. Luther taught that salvation and, consequently, eternal life are not earned by good deeds but are received only as the free gift of God 's grace through the believer 's faith in Jesus Christ as redeemer from sin.
In a place where equality doesn’t exist, women become objects that men trade around for their own benefit. Women are valued according to the wealth they inherit from their “ previous owners,” their fathers. They are disrespected and treated mercilessly, with their beauty and their personality simply being the auxiliaries that profit their owners. In the play, The Taming of the Shrew, marriages are arranged like trading possessions, where women are married off with no rights and are supposed to remain loyal to their owners. Unfortunately, due to the discrimination against women, they are forced to become men’s property.
Is it necessary for us to have such a system? But, this patriarchy system is a way for women to blame men in the first place. This actually suits the contemporary world but when thinking about such a system in slavery time within the slave men is clearly not possible with them having much in their plates already. The less known fact about this system is that it also affects men just like women. Toni Morrison in Beloved emphasizes Paul D’s weakness by humiliating him at the hands of so-called weak and restless women, contrasting to the patriarchal tendencies.
According to Karl Marx religion provides artificial or illusory happiness to the masses, and leaves man underdeveloped and enslaved. Religion to him is nothing but a tool of suppression, and oppression established by the state to keep the masses under check, or control. It is a tool of governance employed by the capitalist (bourgeois) who are bent on exploiting and manipulating the masses (proletariats). Religion helps man to accept the status quo, and never strives to change it, because he has been made to believe that his poor state is divinely willed, and can’t be changed. This kind of mentality cannot bring about revolution in the society, nor can it help man harness, and develop his intellectual power or rationality in order to achieve his essence.
He believed that if the class structure of capitalism was deconstructed then religion would just disappear. Marx stated, “The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is the demand for their real happiness. To call on them to give up their illusions about their condition is to call on them to give up a condition that requires illusions. The criticism of religion is, therefore, in embryo, the criticism of that vale of tears of which religion is the halo.” Karl Marx “Critique of Hagel’s Philosophy of Right.” (1843). Marx was under the impression that religion is only an illusion, and possible used as a crutch in our daily lives.
From the first book of the Bible, God commands man and woman to “be fruitful and multiply.” (Gen 1:28) Pope Pius XI’s encyclical, the Casti Connubii, states, “The primary end of marriage is the procreation and the education of children.” Also implied in this command is the restriction of the goods of marriage—the conjugal act and procreation—to the married state. If the spouses firstly agree to raise the children Catholic then no longer agree a civil divorce may be filed. The Pope Pius XI encyclical, St. Augustine expresses the idea that marriage is to produce offspring; therefore developing the benefits of the sacrament. Annulment is applicable if an abortion is suggested by one of the spouses. If this situation occurs during the marriage, it shows that the couples are unwilling to procreate.
A woman is human.” The author Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni understands the equality both men and women should have, however she also understands the struggles that women who believe in patriarchal societies that live in eastern societies have. Therefore through the feminist criticism lens, the author’s purpose in Arranged Marriage is to show that living in a patriarchal society brings negativity into differents aspects of a woman’s life, due to stereotypical, and even cultural restrictions that they are put under. This can be shown
Furthermore the Catechism of the Catholic Church states that the priests are appointed to act on behalf of men in relation to God” (CCC 1539). The Church recognizes itself to be bound by this choice made by Christ himself in choosing only men to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. For this reason the ordination of women is inadmissible. In 1976, the Pontifical Biblical Commission released a study which supported the exclusion of woman from priesthood from a biblical perspective. The study confers the idea that the masculine dominance which has structured the Church is attested by the Acts of the Apostles and the Epistles, which proclaim that the first Christian communities were always “directed by men exercising the apostolic power.” It is through this reasoning that only men endorse the power to act in God’s name.
As democracy cannot be maintained when free enterprise, free trade and economy freedom do not exist. (Mises, L. v. (Director) (1944, October 1). Economic Causes of War. Lecture conducted from , California .) Therefore, ordinary citizen would not satisfy with it and eventually economic causes of
In recent times society has seen a visible demand on the reclamation of a certain social space for the sex workers through the repeated assertion of prostitution being recognized as a form of labor. This assertion has been read as sex workers’ efforts to reclaim the legitimacy of sex work which was not once upon a time, socially frowned upon. Sex work when recognized as a form of labor raises numerous questions not only on the grounds of class based labor idea but also gendered idea of sex being work for women and leisure for men, thereby entirely negating the notion of female desire. The latter discourse of often opposed by feminists on being a problematic space which assumes that sex was a male right and women’s bodies are commodities. Where on one hand, sex workers who understand selling sex as a mode of labor and work view themselves as responsible working women and breadwinners resorting to such work as a survival strategy; on the other hand, feminist critics raises the question whether female ‘sexual labor’ is socially useful and if it demands economically valuable