Matthew Campos Period 3 #2 Francisco Vasquez de Coronado Francisco Vasquez de Coronado was a very famous Spanish Conquistador. He was a very important explorer and was a famous man in his town of Mexico City. He explored many places and discovered many things. He was also the governor of a Mexican Province. Friar Marcos de Niza returned hoe to Mexico City from a long journey. He claimed to have seen Cibola, which was one of the Seven Cities of Gold. He and Coronado, along with their men, set out on an expedition to find the seven cities. They followed many Indian trails and pathways along the journey. They stumbled upon a pueblo of Hawikuh, home to the Zuni people. The Zuni’s began the flea from the more powerful Spanish guns. Coronado commanded the …show more content…
Yet, they still have not found any gold along the trip. There was a city that was said to have treasures called, Quivira. So the men pushed in to Quivira. Unfortunately there was no gold there, either. They now returned home to Mexico City. After three years of expedition, the men have found no gold at all. Even though they found no gold, there were some upsides to Coronado’s journey. They found places like the Grand Canyon, which is now a historic landmark. They also found many other major physical landmarks that still stand today. They also clashed very violently with the local Indians that they encountered along the journey. When they returned to Mexico City, Coronado died in 1554. In conclusion, I think that the seven golden cities played a big role in the story of Francisco de Vasquez Coronado. Coronado was a great Spanish conquistador and did many great things throughout his lifetime. He was a governor of a Mexican province as well as was a great explorer. In my eyes, I think that Coronado is one of the greatest Spanish Conquistadors to ever live. He went on long expeditions and made some great discoveries along the way. He ran into the Grand Canyon and the Colorado
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Bernal Diaz del Castillo Bernal Diaz was born in 1492 or 1498 to Maria Diaz Rejón and Francisco Diaz del Castillo, a regidor (council member) of the town of Medina del Campo, in Castilla y León. The family was distinguished but not wealthy. In 1514, Bernal went to seek his fortune in America with Pedrarias Dávila (Pedro Árias de Ávila), Bishop Fonseca's newly appointed governor of Castilla del Oro. A cruel and unscrupulous schemer, Pedrarias excelled at extorting riches by torturing native rulers, looting gems and gold from their graves, and eliminating potential rivals. (Pedrarias had his prospective son-in-law Balboa and four companions beheaded on trumped-up charges in 1519.)
He later became a soldier, where he fought in Spanish campaign the Moors in Granada He had a wife (Leonora), a son (Luis), and three daughters (Juana, Isabel, and Maria) His house in Salvaleon de Higuey still stands today 2) What areas of the world were explored by Juan Ponce de Leon? 3) What happened on the exploration? 4) What might have been some risks or challenges faced by Juan Ponce de Leon? 5) What leadership qualities helped early explorers succeed in their efforts? 6) How have advances in technology changed exploration?
In 1519, Hernándo Cortés, a Spanish Conquistador ventured into Tenochtitlan, the capital of Aztec empire, searching for gold and glory. He set out to conquer the empire and to capture the Aztecs in order to achieve his ambitions. Moctezuma, the highly respected leader of the mighty Aztec Empire, came confronting with Hernán Cortés, the leader of a small band of professional European soldiers from a huge island that lay six day’s sail to the east. In “Malintzin’s Choices: An Indian Women in the Conquest of Mexico” and “Mexico and the Spanish Conquest”, Camilla Townsend and Ross Hassig respectively present one histories in their own interpretations of the conquest of Mexico.
Shortly after Marcos de Niza realized Esteban the Moor was killed by the people of the Zuni pueblo Hawikuh, and was thought by the Zuni to be a witch, Marcos de Niza observed the Zuni pueblo and said it was one of the Seven Cities of Gold which he specifically said were cities all bigger than the capital city, Mexico City and so wealthy that the streets were pure gold. At this time of day, which should be either dawn or dusk, the sun must have been glaring off the the Zuni pueblo Hawikuh that may have made it look bigger and a city of gold. Marcos de Niza returned to Mexico City and soon after Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza sent Francisco Vázquez de Coronado with Marcos de Niza back to Cibola to see the Seven Golden Cities of Cibola. Shortly after the return of Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, Marcos de Niza was disgraced for a short
Conquistador, written by Buddy Levy about the famous ventures of Hernan Cortes, places the reader in the 16th century, or the era c.1450-c. 1750 ce. During this time, the idea of exploration was spreading quickly, as kingdoms and empires in Europe sought to expand their territory. Portugal, with Spain following after, led the way for exploration as they headed south. Spain, however, ventured west, driven by a patriotic attitude of expanding past their borders. Levy tells the story of Hernan Cortes, originally setting sail from Spain, as he sailed from Cuba to the shores of Mexico in 1519, eager about the discovery of new lands.
In this paper, the epic journey and expedition of Cabeza de Vaca would be discussed that why is his tale significant to understand the Spanish invasion of the Americas, what communication difficulties did he faced and what were the main aspects of his journey and our learning’s about native societies. 1. Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (c.1490-c.1560) was born in Jeréz de la Frontera, Spain, to a respectable family; his initial profession was in the military. It was from San Lúcar de Barrameda that Cabeza de Vaca was to start his first venture in 1527 and, he was delegated second in charge of an expedition headed up by Panfilo de Narváez, who needed to assert the domain from Florida to Mexico for Spain. . Cabeza de Vaca's family had a long history of renowned support of Spanish eminence.
Hernan Cortes entered Aztec territory in the 1500s. The Aztec didn’t understand why they were there. The Spanish were looking to convert people to the Catholic religion and gold to capture. They sure captured gold. The city was filled with shops and restaurants and even hairdressers.
Question 1. A. For large populations: When the settlers came to the new world they encountered many large civilizations abundant with people. Hernando de Soto witnessed 50 settlements when he explored the strip of the Mississippi. Soto described the region as having clusters of small cities, earthen walls and several thousand Indian warriors. (Pg. 45)
He saw the torture the Natives received by the Spaniards. Las Casas tried to convince people to change their ways with the natives. He fought slavery and violence that was brought among harmless people. When the Spanish arrived, they encountered the Natives. The Spanish, however, seemed to ignore the fact that the Natives were gentle people.
The Journey Trekking through the land of mosquitoes and cannibals for your country, crossing raging rivers, and living with Natives are all things that Cabeza De Vaca had to do to reach Mexico City. Cabeza was on a conquest to establish settlements along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico lead by the conquistador, Narvaez. Cabeza was one of the four that survived out of 300 men. How did Cabeza De Vaca survive? Cabeza survived because of his respect for the Indians, using his wilderness skills, and success as a healer.
Cortes was able to manipulate the emperor into letting him into the city. Lies were told and the emperor of Tenochtitlan was convinced that Hernan was an ambassador for Spain. Later on, troops were sent to go and seize Cortes and his men, (for he did not have permission to go to Tenochtitlan). The troops that were sent to detain Hernan and his crew ending up being persuaded into aiding them. There was gold up for grabs and they were intrigued by the copious amounts of it.
Hernando De Alarcon Hernando De Alcorcon was a spanish navigator of the 16th century. He was born in Trujillo Extremadura. Alarcón 's mission was to provide supplies for Francisco Coronado 's expedition in search of the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola. They became first non-Indians to sight Alta California on September 5, 1540. His family hoped he would become a lawyer, but he told his father he would rather explore the West Indies.
The Spanish were able to colonize Mexico without much resistance.” After the smallpox epidemic, the Aztecs were even more vulnerable. The Spanish exploration and conquering of Tenochtitlan was to gain power for the Spanish empire, but the city’s people were somewhat considered rebellious, and consequently, Cortes needed to conquer/kill the people first. By taking down the people of the city, Cortes was exposed to the city’s great treasures for his reward of gold; he retrieved all the gold he could, and travelled back to Spain where he was labelled a hero for his acts of
Moreover, in 1537, another Spanish explorer known as Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, wrote a book titled La Relación, where he explained the obstacles him and his crew had to face during the Narvaez expedition in 1527 to the Spanish King, Charles I. In connection to all the men who sailed “from Cuba to Tampa Bay in present-day Florida” only “Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and three other men survived the expedition, but only after enduring a nine-year, six-hundred-mile trek across Texas and Mexico and enslavement by Indians…….” In my opinion, this letter gives the reader a much clearer understanding of the things that Cabeza de Vaca saw during his journey because he writes his letters using words like “my”, “I”, and “me” which makes it clear to us
Although renowned for his skill as a soldier, Alvarado is known also for the cruelty of his treatment on native populations, and mass murders committed in the subjugation of the native peoples of Mexico. Unlike De Vaca, Pedro was feared by the Indians and had many conflicts with them. He was known as the red sun whether this was because of his red of hair or a more malicious reason is disputed. Both of these conquistadors had extremely different experiences during their encounters with the Indians. Both of these conquistadors had major effects such as starting the development of New Spain and the search for gold in the Americas.