In the view to analyse the classroom interaction, it is important to identify the two ways interaction between the teachers and their students in the teaching and learning process. Based on the conceptual framework, the Classroom Discourse Analysis is constructed by using framework of teaching and pedagogical discourse which provides two insights; teachers’ practices and students’ practices. From the framework of teaching proposed by Danielson (2014), two domains will be selected to analyse the class talks. Firstly, creating an environment of respect and rapport will be discussed under the classroom environment domain. According to Danielson (2014), it is essential for teachers to establish a good relationship with their students.
Dear Texas Association of School Administrators, I am writing to this board to draw your attention to some of the problems and that come with high-stakes standardized tests like the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR). I believe that standardized tests should not have such a huge role in your education for three reasons. First of all, the STAAR puts pressure on the teachers to “teach to the test” by only teaching what is necessary for one 8th grade standardized test, instead of what information will be necessary for higher levels of education Next, as standardized tests become more and more important, skills and qualities like critical thinking, creativity, and leadership are becoming less valued than test taking. Finally,
And also this small scale research shows that incorporating Roberts Gagne’s instructional design model is an effective model to teach mathematics concepts though the model is very much focused on the objectives the learning process. And it also shows that students are well motivated to learn mathematics by using this model of teaching. Therefore this shows that the way of teaching effects the student’s curiosity to learn the subject matter and it is always important for the teachers to improve their pedagogical knowledge in teaching and learning process. Though the lesson taught in class 1 is well conducted, it is recommended to include more active strategies within the nine events of Gagne’s instructional design model. For class 2 it is recommended to used more activities which will gain the students motivation and to give individual help to the students to ensure the correct understanding of the concept for the students.
ARTICLE POINT OF VIEW 1: NEED ANALYSIS What is need analysis? NA or Need Analysis is a method of making early analysis for the priorities of the syllabus that the course intends to offer and achieve from the student (Long, 2005). This way need analysis helps in framing of questions, subject matter and even test such that the main motive of English Learning can be achieved by the students (Batt, 2008). Need Analysis is a method of gathering information about the student so that his future educational program can be framed as per the needs of learning (Iwai et al., 1999). Berwick (1989) stated that need analysis is actually the collection of information about the identification of problems and limitations and selecting the various methods and
Assessment then can record achievement of learning outcomes through recognition of these behaviors. Learning taxonomies, nonetheless, can provide an apparatus for evaluating what the teachers have addressed in their teaching. In judging the
Rubrics are evaluation guides that provide feedback on several different learning objectives, recognizing where a student falls into the spectrum of proficiency for each objective. Teachers should model the use of rubrics early in the class and explain to the students the importance of the holistic grading. When the students get used to the concept, they can use the rubrics to evaluate their own progress. Through the use of rubrics the teacher can receive information that reveals gaps between students’ perceived performance and actual performance (Alpert,
According to Tomlinson (2012), textbooks prepare learners for examinations, help teachers by reducing their preparation time, help administrators to allocate lessons to teachers, normalize teaching, and provide teaching that would be valuable to any learner anywhere at a specified language level. It is evident that in EFL contexts teachers and textbooks play central roles as resources of the target language and culture. A textbook is a framework which regulates the programs without which classrooms have no face validity to students and learners don’t take their learning serious. In situations when shortage of experts in teaching a foreign language is felt, the role of textbooks become pivotal (Williams, 1983). Textbooks represent the role of several people in the target society, the way different people at dissimilar levels of society
(Ritualo, 2000). This work would serve educators, particularly in assessing students, Supervisors and Curriculum Planners to find understanding the outcome of assessment (traditional and authentic) on science appreciative and learning conclusions of scholars. Classroom assessment practices are based on teacher beliefs, training, knowledge and skills in educational assessment. Understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices remains pivotal for informed educational decisions that can be made about students’ learning outcomes. The results of this study may provide valuable insights for understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices and needs for teachers in and other parts of the world.
176). Sheets are typically in the form of instructions and steps to complete a task. Student sheets activity contains a set of basic activities that must be performed by students to increase the understanding of the formation of basic capabilities corresponding indicators of achievement of learning outcomes that must be taken. In the development of these materials, Student sheets activity contain contextual problem-solving activities that assisted fraction card media to find the solution or other possible strategies. Test The Test is done to measure the standard to which learning outcomes desired behavior change in the learning objectives have been achieved by the students (Purwanto, 2009, p. 67).
Critical thinking which is the ability to use reason and logic this is very important in this field as it is whether yes or no for any give problem in IT branch. Decision making again a skill very useful and needed as a good software engineer. To succeed as a software engineer any computer science student need to have more than a basic mathematical skill as this is vital. Mathematic could be considered as the ability to use, manipulate and control structure , quantity, numbers, geometry, arithmetic, algebra, numeracy, in general it is logical thinking. Thus no, computer science without a mathematic.