Melanoma Research Paper

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Melanoma and using A, B, C, D, E’s to identify Skin Cancer

Melanoma skin cancer is one of the most rapidly growing cancer in the world. A “Lifetime Risk of Developing Cancer: Approximately 2.1 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with melanoma of the skin at some point during their lifetime, based on 2010-2012 data” (NCI). Melanoma can be detected with early and regular monitoring of any changes of a person’s skin, and using proper prevention methods like using sunscreen and wearing proper clothing. By learning about melanoma, how it occurs, the A, B, C, D, E’s of melanoma, the parts of the body it may affect, how to prevent melanoma, the treatment or cure for melanoma, and how to educate people about properly protecting themselves
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Melanoma starts in a certain type of skin cells that are known as melanocytes that make melanin. Melanin is what gives pigment or color in a human’s skin, eyes, and hair. Melanomas can be inherited or caused by exposure to the ultraviolet rays from the sun. Melanomas can be cancerous, and they are given that name because it relates to that certain type of skin cell that makes melanin (skin pigmentation). Melanoma forms on the epidermis and can be spread throughout the body rapidly. “Melanoma, cancer of melanocytes, tends to spread rapidly to other organs, and can be lethal if it is not detected and removed in an early stage” (Kersten). Identifying melanoma early can help one in being proactive in preventing the spread of melanoma on one’s body. Melanoma can be detected early by using the A, B, C, D, E’s…show more content…
Preventing melanoma effectively is a twofold process. The first line in protecting yourself is limiting the number of ultraviolet rays from the sun or tanning beds, and by either avoiding natural sunlight altogether. Make sure you are using plenty of sunscreens that has (SPF) protection. “Primary prevention focuses on reducing and limiting exposure to UV radiation” (MRF, 2015). Primary prevention is using necessary measures like using 30 and above (SPF) protective sunscreen, and wearing protective clothing, like long sleeve shirts, pants, hats and sunglasses for your eyes as well as seeking shade when possible. Also, by being cautious about reflective rays environments like water, and snow. Drink plenty of water and increase your vitamin D. another important fact to remember is that the sun is at its highest peak of radiation from 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. The second line of defense is doing routinely skin checks for any signs of melanoma. Early detection can help detect and hopefully help prevent any cancer cells from spread throughout the whole body, this is done by doing self-examinations over your skin every month and going yearly to your skin doctor. Some melanoma skin cancer can be cured or treated if caught in the earlier

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