Migration And External Migration

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Introduction Migration has become a common phenomenon in the present world. One of the important factor that contributes to the increased migration is globalisation. It is a universal occurrence that impacts the socio-economic conditions of a country in a fast pace. According to UNESCO, migration is the crossing of boundary of a political or administrative unit for a certain minimum amount of time. Migration also includes displacement of people, movement of refugees, uprooted people as well as economic migrants. Migration can be classified into two simplest types: External Migration and Internal Migration. External migration is the process of movement across international border while, internal migration is the movement of people between or within the state or regions. According to International Organization for Migration, there were about 232 million people living outside their native countries in 2013. The Unites States of America, The Russian Federation, Germany, Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, the U.K and France together constitute over 51% of total migrants in the world. Migrants play a significant role in the economic development of a country. Traditionally, Indians used to migrate to British colonies such as South Africa, Malaya, Burma, Fiji until there was a change in this pattern. The early 1970s witnessed an increase in the demand for skilled labourers in the Gulf regions. This was due to the fact that the increase in oil price gave rise to various investment programmes

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