The first zone is characterized by migratory outflow of the population and covers thirty eight regions. And in thirty regions migratory outflow of the population coincides with the general reduction of a population. The second zone includes forty six territories of Russia in which inflow of migrants is marked, however only in sixteen of them migration or completely compensates a natural decrease or supplements a population natural increase. At present time, the
Keywords: right of diversity, tolerance, inter-civilizational dialogue 1. INTRODUCTION In the current days, it is obvious that there is an increase in the number of acts of intolerance, violence, terrorism, xenophobia, etc. All of these acts threaten the international peace and security. The UNESCO Declaration on Tolerance states “In the modern world, tolerance is more essential than ever before. It is an age marked by the globalization of the economy and by rapidly increasing mobility, communication, integration and interdependence, large-scale migrations and displacement of populations, urbanization and changing social patterns.” For this reason, the need for dialogue between civilizations is very urgent.
The implication of such a booming economy has resulted in political shifts on a global scale for China. Furthermore, people from rural areas have been engaging in mass migration to urban areas-which has increased levels of consumerism and compounded the cycle of oil demand. The resulting urbanization has led to a widened middle class, which has been the catalyst for many social and cultural changes within modern China. These
They try to identify themselves as diaspora and they equate their organizations with diaspora and community(Van Gorp & Smets, 2015). Iranian Emigration For studying Iranian diaspora, first we have to study about the waves of emigration of Iranians and the destination of this emigration. The first significant wave of emigration was from 1950 until the Islamic revolution (1979), in this years the rise of the oil power brought a lot of money to the country so middle and upper class families send their children abroad for higher education as a means of political access after return and ensuring socioeconomic security. In the academic year of 1977-1978 there were about 100,000 Iranian students all around the world and 36,220 of them were studying in United States institutes and the rest of them were mostly in United Kingdom, West Germany, France, Austria and Italy. The year after the Iranian students in United States reached the Number of 45,340 and till the year of 1979-1980 it catch 51,310.
Throughout the history, the United States is undoubtedly a nation of immigrants and their descendants. Immigrants came to the United States, partly to seek economic opportunities, partly for political, religious, artistic freedom. According to Office of Immigration Statistics(U.S.), from 1820 to 2004, the total number of registered immigrants was 6986.95 million. However, during period of 1960-2004, the number of legal immigrants received by the United States reached 280,885 million, exceeding 2,757. 26 million of the first migration peak period(1880-1930).
International migration is a global phenomenon that is growing and extending everyday. It is inevitable as a side effect of our globalizing world and an indicator of development, including economic one. With the right policies countries can cope with this growing feature of our world. The international community has placed international migration as the top priority due to its concerning effects (UN-Department of economic and social affairs). Since Italy’s unification in the 19th our country has encountered many difficulties and one of the biggest challenges is migration.
The very reasons for the happening of change of population size, composition and distribution are migration, fertility, and mortality. Especially, migration has a direct effect on the geographic distribution of population. Migration (whether internal or international is one of the main factors that determine the population size of a country or a specific town. The movement of people from rural to urban areas is one of the possible forms of internal migration. In the developing countries, most internal migration are associated with and directed to major growth centers, such as mining centers, newly emerging industrial areas, and large towns.
However, regionalism received a renewed impetus after the end of the Cold War and with the push of globalisation. The end of the Cold War brought about some major transformations in the international order. It accelerated the growth of interdependence, and provided impetus to the process of globalization. This has led to the erosion of sovereign power of the state. The question whether the state is – and how long will it continue to be – the primary organizing unit of international system, is being debated much more seriously today than ever before.
Migration is a movement of people from one place to another place it is an important characteristic phenomenon of population particularly of that developing countries. Every country has undergone modernization simultaneously experienced a major redistribution of its population. The present study is based on secondary data. The secondary data comprise various references which already existed in the published from such as research papers, articles, books and website relating to magnitude of international migration. Remittance is main benefit of international out-migration, providing scarce foreign exchange and scope for higher levels of saving and investments.
Introduction: In present times, due to globalisation and technological expansion, societies have become multicultural and multiethnic. Transnational migration is one of the significant aspects of the contemporary world. The experience of migrants depends upon many factors. It varies from generation to generation. The attitude of the host countries and the causes that lead to migration are some of the major factors that affect the life of migrants in the host country.