The final circle is where Juedecca is located. Judeca is the final and most sever punishment. Traitors are sent to forever suffer in a pit of ice. Juduce brutus and cosituc recive the worst of all the punishments offered by Satan. They are chewed by Satans three faced head for all eternity. I dont think the punishments that the traitors recieved correlated to their sins. I'm not sure how Dante veiwed traitors but I beleive his views and mine differ, thus resulting in a punishment I dont fully understand.
When Dante and Virgil go to the last circle which is the ninth circle of hell they see sinners in ice some are more deeper than others Then they see a giant shape in the fog and they realize that it is Satan. Half of his body is under the ice and he has bat like wings. Lucifer had one head but three faces the face in the middle was red the face on the right was yellow and the face on the left was black “when i beheld three faces on his head! The one in font and that vermilion was two were the others that were joined with this above the middle part of either shoulder and they were joined together at the crest and the right hand one seemed twixt white and yellow”(Dante line 38-42)
Pieces of writing are often viewed as a product of their origin time period, even in the modern day it is not uncommon to view our time plane as independent to what preceded as if we were somehow separate from every moment that came before. Instead every aspect of a story is ingrained with the message of millenniums before it, so much so the effect that the present has pales in comparison. This is present throughout Dante’s inferno written by Dante Alighieri as it is not merely a representation of the time period it originated from, rather the present represents the top of an iceberg whose very existence and stature are fully dependent on the times that preceded. This phenomenon of the past is fully present in Dante’s epic hero cycle.
Dante’s Inferno is an epic poem by Durante “Dante” degli Alighieri, written in the 1300s. He wrote a trilogy, known as the Divine Comedy, consisting of Inferno, Purgatory, and Paradise. Dante was inspired by many events and issues happening at that time, such as the war between Guelphs and Ghibellines, the Battle of Montaperti, and Christian religious beliefs. In this paper, I will explore the first book, Inferno, on the topic of Hell and how the sinners had a significant impact on Dante’s journey through Hell. In Circle 5: Styx, Canto VIII, Filippo Argenti, a sinner of Wrathful, helped Dante to symbolize to readers his anger towards Black Guelphs, political enemies of the White Guelphs. In Circle 7: Round Three, Canto XV, Ser Brunetto Latino,
Dante meets people through his journey of the many circles in the Inferno that lead him down into the center of hell, where Satan is. Satan is seen as being monster-like with three heads, representing a mocking of the Trinity and blowing his wings around the cocytus river. The final thing seen here is the fact that Dante’s description of Satan is a bit disappointing compared to the other descriptions he has written about the inferno. Dante’s portrayal of Satan is paradoxically empty and monstrous; it captures Satan in his true form and speaks of who he truly is.
In conclusion, many of Dante’s punishments depicted for the sinners within Dante’s Inferno are fitting for their sins. Although some are not entirely exact, I do understand why these are the punishments depicted for
In the Inferno, Dante describes the different levels of hell and the punishment which corresponds to the sin. Dante categorize hell into three major sins consisting of incontinence, violence, and fraudulent. Fraudulent is portrayed as the worse sin in the Inferno while incontinence is seen as a less serious sin. Each category has sinners which have all been punished for their wrong doings in life. The three major sins consist of circles where Dante separates the different sinners. Each circle explains the sin and the punishment the sinners endured in their afterlife. Some circles even included historic figures in Dante’s hell because of their actions in life. The Wife of Bath Prologue and Tale reveal characters who were not portrayed as good people. In the Prologue, the Wife of Bath explains the encounter she had with five of her husbands. Three of the husbands were pleasant while the other two were not. On the other hand, in the tale she tells a story about a Knight who takes the maidenhood of a young girl which almost causes him to lose his life and about women gaining sovereignty. The Wife of Bath fifth husband, King Arthur, the Knight, and the Wife of Bath will be placed in Dante’s hell in the Inferno.
There is a medieval theme in where religion is shown as their way of life in which it was used as a means of dictating people and taking advantage of others. With religion in the medieval sense it was a do or die situation you were penalized if you did not follow the wishes of the church. Renaissance is also a main premise in Dante’s inferno as it starts to show the breaking away from religion and focuses on the individuals and their stories. The sinners in the circles are given priority over the religious nature and given the opportunity to talk about why they are there. This makes them seem more human then sinners. As he travels through each layer of hell we see how Dante’s writing style is both medieval and
In Dante’s Inferno it also says, “The sinner is the middle, whose feet are sticking out of Lucifer’s mouth, is the worst human sinner of all time: Judas, who betrayed the Son of God… The other two sinners, whose top halves are sticking out of Lucifer’s mouth, are Cassius and Brutus,” (34).This shows who the three biggest sinners were and shows how the punishment is way tougher for them. Since Lucifer flaps his wings eternally and has three faces, Judas, Brutus and Cassius are placed in Satan’s mouth to be chewed on eternally. Dante feels that he has also been betrayed by these sinners so that is the way in which he has those three sinners punished eternally in hell. Dante feels that they should spend an eternity in hell due to the fact that he has been betrayed . Him being betrayed makes it the biggest punishment as where it fits contrapasso.
Dante ensures this happens by using the concept of contrapasso, which describes the relationship between sin and the resulting justification in Hell. The literal definition of contrapasso is the 'counter-strike' or the 'counter-suffering which translates literally as "counter-penalty." And in Dante’s Hell, sinners are punished according to the nature of their sin, so that their punishment fits their crime. And as we see throughout the story, some sinners literally become the personification of their sins while others become victims in Hell of the crimes they committed while on
In the “Divine Comedy” the writer, Dante Alighieri uses his own namesake to create a character, Dante, whose moralistic qualities change dramatically as he journeys through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven. In the beginning, Dante finds himself lost on the path of sin and is sympathetic to others who have strayed as well. As he begins his journey, Dante shows concern and sympathy to the suffering sinners. It is only once Dante ventures deeper into the circles of Hell, when his demeanor changes and hatred begins to show. Dante, once weak and blindly empathetic to the sinners who turned their back to God’s love, becomes consciously aware of the importance of faith and justice.
One of the most significant themes, if not the most significant theme within Dante’s Inferno is the perfection of God’s divine justice. Dante expressees divine justice within Inferno in a multitude of ways, with one of the the most prominent examples being the overall structure of Hell and how the punishment for the sinners (perfectly) reflects upon the sin. To the modern reader, Hell likely seems more like an act of cruelty than divine justice, much less a product of God’s love. At first,the torments that the sinners are subjected to seems extreme and grotesque. But, as the poem continues to progress, it becomes quite clear the there is a perfect balance within God’s justice as the degree of each sinner’s punishment perfectly reflects upon the gravity of the sin. Furthermore, the inscription on the gates of Hell explicitly states that Hell exists as a result of divine justice; “ll. “Justice moved my great maker; God eternal / Wrought me: the power and the unsearchably / High wisdom, and the primal love supernal (III.4-6).”
Although John Milton’s Paradise Lost remains to be a celebrated piece recounting the spiritual, moral, and cosmological origin of man’s existence, the imagery that Milton places within the novel remains heavily overlooked. The imagery, although initially difficult to recognize, embodies the plight and odyssey of Satan and the general essence of the novel, as the imagery unravels the consequences of temptation that the human soul faces in the descent from heaven into the secular realms. Though various forms of imagery exist within the piece, the contrast between light and dark imagery portrays this viewpoint accurately, but its interplay and intermingling with other imagery, specifically the contrasting imagery of height and depth as well as cold and warmth, remain to be strong points
Alexander the Great of Macedon (356-323 BC) is one of the many historical figures placed in hell, in Dante’s inferno. Alexander the great is located in the first ring of the seventh circle in hell. His crimes to be placed here was going to war, and conquering, those around him. The punishment in the first ring of the seventh circle is to be boiled in a river of blood. The symbolism of this punishment is that river of blood represents all the blood they have spilt.