Abstract Any evaluation of the status of an individual normally begins from the social structures, arrangements and moral systems which influences social perspectives as it pertains to the characteristics of both men and women roles and positions in society. Society continuously undergoes a criminal injustice towards women and men in intimate relationships. These criminal acts within relationship results in domestic violence. Domestic violence is one of the leading causes of death and homelessness of its victims. A large portion of the US population is currently dealing with the issue silently.
It is never fair to ask “Why will she not she leave?”. A victim can be defined as “an individual who has been confronted, attacked or violated by a perceived predator, resulting in short or long term physical and/ or mental injuries as a result.” (Burgess, Regehr & Roberts, 2012, p. 10). All of the women were victims to ongoing abuse by their partners and were at constant risk for revictimization. This further grasps the term of intimate partner violence which overarches what type of situations, these women were exposed to (Burgess et al., 2012, p. 290)
In the case of Tara Brown’s murder, various groups of individuals are affected. As well as maintaining principles of fair punishment and deterrence, the criminal justice system has to consider perceptions of the victim’s family (secondary victim), the community’s demand for crime prevention, and the offender’s rights to a fair court hearing. The most likely outcome is imprisonment for Lionel John Patea due to committing an indictable offence. It is important to note that if this was only a case of domestic abuse without murder, it would utilise more time, effort and expenses to come to a resolution. This is due to the different circumstances and degree of abuse that the judge has to assess.
It is estimated that 1 out of every three relationships has abusive behaviors, including harassing phone calls, texts or IMs isolation from friends or family, physical violence or sexual abuse, put downs and other forms of emotional abuse. The violence stems from a need for one person in the relationship to have power and control over the other person. This is the same dynamic in domestic violence relationships. The relationship starts in a whirlwind. Often the abusive partner comes on strongly and quickly giving the partner lots of attention.
Domestic violence exists, it is a serious and an important issue I believe should be brought to the table of conversation. Domestic violence can rip family’s apart, cause people to loose trust in one another, as well as bring victims to their lowest points of self-worth. The abuse can be issued from multiple persons in the family: father to child, mother to child, teenage child
Chart 1 demonstrates that domestic homicides are actually only a relatively small percentage of the total homicides that occurred in New York during the target year, as only about 20% of the 2014 homicides were domestic in nature (Fernandez-Lanier, 2015). Of the domestic homicides, there was a relatively equal split between intimate relation homicides and familial homicides (Fernandez-Lanier, 2015). Additionally, Chart 1 shows that only about 10.6% of New York’s 2014 homicides were actually the result of intimate partner violence, making this type of violence seem like a relatively minor contributor to the homicide rate (Fernandez-Lanier, 2015). Chart 1 is not inaccurate or even necessarily misleading, but by itself it presents a picture of the justice system that lacks nuance and depth, because it does not demonstrate the disproportionate number of women who are negatively impacted by intimate partner violence (Fernandez-Lanier,
As a future nurse and past victim, I will do any effort to advocate for prevention of a partner violence. It is a silent epidemic which affects women of all age groups and all races. As a nurse, I will strive to engage in evidence-based research, participate in prevention programs, and advocate for policy changes in the community which I will care for. I am aware that ethical dilemma about reporting or not reporting intimate abuse exists. However, my feelings from negative experience clearly suggests that all abuse against women and children should be documented and reported to authorities.
Victims, Victimization and Victimology: A Socio-Legal Study Dr. (Mrs.) Ravidankaur R. Karnani Assist. Professor & I/c. Principal, Law College, Palanpur firstname.lastname@example.org, 7990980278 Abstract For many decades, the victim was the forgotten party in the criminal justice system as the main focus was that the perpetrator of a crime should be punished. But the victims of crimes stand poised equally in the scales of justice as the victim is not a passive object but an active component of the whole judicial process.
- When abuse has been ongoing for a length of time , the victim can feel like she/he deserves the abuse, is in denial over the extent of the abuse, embarrassed about others finding out, fear being killed if they left and fear the impact on the children or losing the children. Many victims of domestic and family violence, believe nothing can be done for them- they see on the news how little action is done such as in the case of Benjamin Ard and the assault of two women. In this case Ard charged with domestic violence, but was released from jail on $1,000 cash bail. He went on to breach his bail and was then charged with domestic violence assault and violating the conditions of release from a prior charge; he was sentenced to only thirteen months
Victim 's right statute has influenced the manner within the federal, state, and local criminal justice systems. In addition to statutory victims ' rights, nearly two-thirds of the states have adopted amendments to their state constitutions guaranteeing rights to victims of crime. Including crime victims ' rights in state constitutions increased the strength, stability and enforceability of victims ' rights. Although there have been strides made, in many states and jurisdictions, victims still retain no rights to be present, informed and heard, and to have a voice in the sentencing process, or to be informed, present and heard during the paroling process. Precisely who does the law describes as a victim that is permitted to a certain right is defined by the federal, state, or tribunal code.
Dating violence against women has been a complex issue within the criminal justice system for the at least the last fifteen years (Bialo-Padin & Peterson, 2012; O’Dell, 2007). Even though there has been progress in establishing equality for women in regards to treatment, sadly dating violence against women continues to affect roughly 17.7 percent to 35.5 percent of women starting in thier teenage years (Largio, 2007). There are a number of issues that impede justice for women such as mandatory arrest laws which may include the arrest of the victim (Buzawa, Faggiani, Hirschel & Pattavina, 2007). In addition, women face a criminal justice system that is patriarchal (O 'Dell, 2007).
To determine the effectiveness of no drop prosecution policies in stopping domestic violence, it is crucial to understand how no drop policies work, the role of the victim in the proceedings of a no drop prosecution trial, the role of the accused in a no drop prosecution trial and the overall comparison of no drop prosecution trials compared to other police policies and legislation in reference to domestic violence. In order to understand whether or not no-drop policies are effective, it is necessary to examine the basic information regarding these types of policies, determine what is involved in the process of no-drop cases and the effects that these cases have on both the legal system and the participants in the case. Generally defined,
Domestic Violence Problem Migdalia Villanueva Kaplan University CJ-333 Domestic violence is a crime that is faced in not only America but other countries across the globe. The overall purpose of this study is to show the impact domestic violence will not only have on the American society but also in other countries, I choose to look at the countries of Canada, Australia, England and Saudi Arabia The first pages of the essay illustrate the problems which have been faced in America because of the high increase in domestic violence rates. As portrayed in the essay, there are several problems which will be similar to the ones which encountered in the different countries that will be mentioned in the essay.
A common theme among restorative justice (RJ) practices, as a whole, is to hold offenders accountable and empower victims. The sentencing circle, also known as the peacemaking circle, is a community-based practice with the primary goal of determining a suitable punishment that meets the needs of all parties associated with the offense. There are, however, other RJ practices, specifically ones used in cases of intimate family or domestic violence, that are in contract to the sentencing circle. For example, victim-survivor panels are a common RJ practice for victims of domestic or sexual violence. Victims do not face their abuser but rather the attendees are individuals, typically men, responsible for committing similar offenses as those described