The Phoenicians and Hebrews both played a big part in shaping the development of world history. First off, the Phoenicians were the ones who developed the Phonetic alphabet; the same model of alphabet that we still use to this day. Not only was it used for English, but other languages adopted it as well. The Greeks modified the Phoenicians alphabet for their language, the Romans based off of the Greeks, and our English is the same script that the Romans used. They also introduced the growing of grapes to many new places in the Mediterranean, which became a large part of the culture there. The Phoenicians were the ones who developed the prosperous commercial centers of Tyre, Sidon, and Byblos, which are essential trading
This empire is located in modern day Ethiopia, Africa. Axum had two different climatic and topographical regions. The main city’s port was on the Red Sea and was called Adulis. There is was hot all the time and had little rainfall with scrubby vegetation.As you go further inland you would find plateaus and rainy days. These plateaus could be as high as 2,000 meters. The two rainy seasons help contribute to the fertile land. The Axum empire was formed around 400 B.C.E. Many people believe that is was first founded by the son of King Solomon of Israel and the Queen of Sheba. This is only a popular legend and has yet to be confirmed. Around 100 C.E, Aksum empire rose in power and began to expand its territories. At this time the ruler was Zoskales
The exaggeration and fantasization of certain histories has always been prevalent in Western society, however, nothing comes quite as close to being as diluted as the history of ancient Egypt. On a fundamental level, this phenomenon can be defined as Egyptomania: an obsessive interest by Westerners in ancient Egyptian culture, especially during the 19th century. While there is a lot of literature pertaining to Egyptomania in American culture, there is far less that addresses its impact on late 19th century British culture. Though the initial ancient Egyptian archaeological discoveries occurred during the time of Napoleon’s campaigns, most notably the discovery of the Rosetta Stone in 1799, the early 19th century in Britain did not see the same spark in Egyptomania as the late 19th century. This, no doubt, is related to the period of time that Great Britain occupied Egypt. Indeed, the British presence in Egypt must have had an effect on the rise in Egyptomania at the time. Even in American literature, Egyptomania seems to be depicted in an incredibly British lense. This paper will address the historical context of late 19th century and early 20th century British Egyptomania, and argue that it was ultimately caused by British Imperialism in not only the archaeological field, but also in broader terms.
The Kingdom of Kush was the Empire to the south of the Egypt.Their leader did not rule,their leader suggested and led discussion.Kush’s social structure was similar to Egypt’s.Kush were minor changes and levels.The main order is the Pharoahs on top,nobles,craftsmen,and artisans,and farmers,laborers and slaves at bottom. Also many of the leaders were women and not men.
Carthage was originally a colony of Tyre, and had come to be the capital of great commercial empire on the northern coast of Africa. Tradition holds that Phoenicians settlers from Mediterranean
The overall effect of the Hyksos habitation of the Egyptian lands in the development of Egyptian culture, traditions and military technology, was significant to the impression Egypt has made on world history. However from the perspective of the Egyptian kings in Thebes, Egypt was the victim of Hyksos subjugation. Therefore, the Hyksos were expelled from Egyptian territory through the ‘Wars of Liberation’ which resulted in progression in the roles of queens and foreign policy and also shaped religion and kingship. These effects continued to the death of Thutmose IV. This essay will analyse the positive and negative impacts of the Hyksos across a number of industries and the short term and long term effect of the expulsion of the Hyksos.
However, there were several major wars. There were several battles with the Syrians. One major battle with the Syrians was the Battle of Megiddo in 1479 B.C. They won the battle and gained many chariots and horses. They also engaged in war with the Hyksos. The Hyksos took over the lower part of Egypt for a period of time. It was eventually regained by the Egyptians. Other civilizations they battled included Greece, Rome, and Hittite. The Ancient Egyptian conquered a lot of land through history. In the beginning, King Menes conquered a portion of land that was referred to as the northern part of Ancient Egypt. Most of the land was not acquired through wars, as they rarely engaged in
The Akkadian empire lasted around 200 years, from 2300 BC- 2100 BC. During that time most of the residents of Mesopotamia spoke in two languages: Akkadian, and Sumerian. Sargon the Great came to power around the year 2300. He established his own city which he named Akkad. The empire stretched from Oman all the way to the Mediterranean Sea, and Syria. Power was kept in families, and sons of the
Eventually, in about 200 ACE, they were overthrown by the ancient Ethiopian kingdom based within the city of Axum. In 400 ACE, Meroe was attacked and destroyed. Egyptians that had earlier migrated to Kush, the Kushites themselves began a massive departure that would have effects all the way out to the southern and western regions of the continent.
In retrospect, Egypt was a great and powerful nation. It was led by pharaohs, who were radically egocentric; they prolifically built statues to venerate themselves to others. First of all, the reason I am bring pharaohs into the equation, is because someone who is very wise once said, “In order to know a nation, you must first know the ruler.” In addition, whenever a nation is at its best, it’s usually due to strong leadership. Secondly, we will look at how Egypt became so powerful. And lastly, the destruction of Egypt and why it fell
Osiris: Osiris represented the dead pharaoh, who was brought to a new life and reigned the underworld. Osiris is thought to have been killed by the evil god Seth, but then brought to life by Isis, his wife and sister. In their new life, the Egyptians believed that men and sacred animals would become “Osirified”.
Egypt, after maintaining an independent nation for nearly 2,500 years, took a very big turn with the invasion of the Persian Empire. The military defeat of the Persians by the greeks in Marathon in 490 B.C. inspired an Egyptian revolt but it wasn’t until 404 B.C. that Egypt gained its independence. An independence that lasted very shortly as Egypt was again thrust under Persian rule in 343 B.C. However a man by the name of Alexander the great in 332 B.C. invaded Egypt, destroying the persians and delivering the final blow to Egyptian independence.
For almost 30 centuries ancient Egypt was the preeminent civilization throughout the Mediterranean world. However, Egypt was not always the country we learned about in school. During the Predynastic Period (around 6000-3150 B.C.) Egypt was split into two separate kingdoms. Around 3400 B.C. there was the “Black Land” which rested on the banks of the Nile River and was used to grow crops. It was the only land that could be farmed because of its rich layer of black silt. The other kingdom was known as the “Red Land” and that land was a barren desert that
Born into an era of great social and political upheaval, Tutankhamun (meaning “the living image of Aten”) was born in 1341 B.C.E, as the Pharaoh at the time (Akhenaten) was changing religious and social beliefs. Akhenaten was converting the Egyptian public from a polytheistic religious belief, to a monotheistic belief, only worshiping one God, Aten the Sun Disk.