Although there were some similar farming techniques between the two civilizations, there were many more differences. The Mayans had to deal with extremely wet plains and rough mountains. They built terraces, raised beds, and canals to irrigate water and make use of all the farming space possible. Meanwhile in Egypt, they also built canals to irrigate water from nearby rivers. However, they farmed on dry plains which meant there was no need for farmers to build good farm land.
Irrigation systems we’re not always useful, to solve this problem Egyptians invented the shaduf(oi). The shaduf allowed the Egyptians transfer water from the Nile to their field(oi). Those are many examples on how the Egyptians development to irrigation systems was very needed. The change to the Egyptians environment affected people, society and region in many ways. In document two the shaduf helped to cultivate crops every year instead of one which helped increase food supply.
Fundamental differences in the structure of the Sumerian and Egyptian political systems impacted the political unity of these two kingdoms. The political rule of Sumerian city-states started with religious households gaining power.1 As time progressed however, the the institution of a kingship developed, necessitating a shared power relationship or religio-political structure.2 The king controlled the military authority and inter-city relationships.3 Whereas, the religious officials (high priests) had authority over the economic and social interests of the citizens. This led to overlapping power which resulted in the king and religious officials competing with each other’s authority.4 In short, there was a constant struggle for power. By contrast, Egypt had an inherently unified system characterized by the divine monarchy of the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh was the sole ruler of Egypt and had absolute power of all of the citizens within.
“The plains flood when the river rises, and is blessed with the riches that brings people merriment.” ( Egypt Mesopotamia Comparison Essay, page 1). For the majority Mesopotamia and Egypt were both agricultural civilizations. Due to the geographical features, life from these two civilization were crucially rely on their rivers. However, the Nile were far more significant to the Egyptians than the Tigris and Euphrates do to Mesopotamia. Although they all shared the same demandings but they were exceptional vary from one another in many ways.
Mesopotamia: The name ‘Mesopotamia’ coined for a Roman province, is used for the land between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates .It features as the eastern horn of the ‘fertile crescent’. Mesopotamia was also situated near a water source, their situation was not very stable and it was not much protection from invaders. This becomes the chances of attack on them. In the Mesopotamian civilization, the females were considered as a property and there was no gender equality. Egyptian Civilization: Egypt was built on both the sides of the River Nile.
The Nile River Valley was connected to Egypt where their system of government was a autocracy, or all of the power and responsibility directed onto one person, a Pharaoh . The Mesopotamians had a democracy of sorts, their land was divided into city-states and kings ruled each one , they were supposedly sent by the gods to be to rule each city-state. The Nile River Valley people never really had the need for trade because they had agriculture , the ability to grow and produce produce, and food, but they did trade with other civilizations for goods. Mesopotamia did not have the ability to use agriculture, and traded often Egypt was actually one of their main import nations for plants,even clothing material like silk, and most importantly spices, like cinnamon
Each of these civilizations utilized their geography and its advantages, but also eventually fell victim to its disadvantages. The Indus Valley had many geographical features that were both beneficial and problematic, and these affected the way that the society was shaped. Two main geographical features were the Ganges and Indus River. These rivers made soil fertile, which allowed for agriculture. Crops like fruits, vegetable, cotton, wheat, and rice were able to be grown and harvested.
However, the British settlements along the Eastern seaboard differed the most from those of other empires because there were no established policies or methods in British colonization, which led to differences in the economics and culture of each colony depending on who settled it. All four empires colonized for a number of reasons. These included finding another route to the East Indies, empire building, proselytization, and the extraction of natural resources. These different motivations shaped the settlements and colonies of each empire. While most empires had the same motivations in all of their colonies in an area, the British motivations varied in each colony.
The development of Mesoamerica and Andean South America had one major item in common and that was neither civilization had the strong political powers that ran previous empires such as the Roman. Other likenesses were the agriculture both empires flourished with crops of corn, potatoes and beans because these products thrived in a variety of soils and with different climates (Wallech, 2013). Many differences that these two civilizations differ from others is simply because of location and the rivers that separated them and the ability to move easily and share cultural beliefs and achievements, but no matter how much space is between civilizations there was always violence and the pattern of societies rising and falling ("Notes on Mesoamerican
Power is the most important thing a person can have. Power, and even the want for power, motivates people to do things they might not have done otherwise. We can see examples of this in both “Lord of the Flies” and “Julius Caesar” with the characters Cassius and Jack. These characters are similar because they both want to get power. Another thing they also have in common is after they get power they do bad things with the power they have.