Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt were two early human civilizations that lived during the bronze age in harsh desert environments located not far from each other. Both civilizations were built around rivers that they depended on for survival. There is evidence that these rivers had great influence on both the societies politics and culture. Egypt was built around the very strong and reliable Nile River. Ancient Mesopotamia was established in the fertile crescent between the less reliable Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. During the bronze age both Ancient Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians developed forms of religion that highly reflected their habitat. They had many similarities in their politics even though they had completely different forms of government. Both societies were also known for their discoveries in art and technology. They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture.
The rivers that these civilizations were built around directly impacted the way they viewed their gods. The Nile was a very strong and reliable river. It flooded annually blessing the Ancient Egyptians with a richer agriculture then Ancient Mesopotamians. (pg 17) Because of this the Egyptians viewed their gods as reliable beings who wanted to help them. People of Ancient Mesopotamia viewed their gods as being unreliable like their rivers. Life was likely better for Egyptians during this period because they did not have to worry as much about survival, whereas peoples
The Yellow and Yangzi river valley people of China during Shang times were prosperous civilizations in their time. In addition, so were the Egyptians and Nubians on the Nile River. Both groups of peoples had their own traditions and ways of living, based on environment and where they migrated from. While these civilizations are quite different, they have more in common than some would realize. While they differ in religious views and political organization, the Chinese and Egyptians have similar agricultural practices and writing systems.
Egypt and Mesopotamia were similar and different in various ways. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt developed in a dry, semi-desert region near flooding rivers that gave the soil richness. While the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers ' flooding was violent an unpredictable, leaving Mesopotamians in fear guessing, the Nile River 's flooding was more peaceful, allowing the Egyptians to simply keep track of time to plant their seeds. Egypt is surrounded by barren desert, providing something Mesopotamia didn 't have a protective barrier from invaders. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt had various nature gods that controlled the natural world.
In Ancient Mesopotamia the people formed the government, technology, and religion that has exceedingly influenced our daily life. The Sumerians developed the first human civilization in world history. They lived in southern Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in the Middle East. The Sumerians created governments that helped rule the city-states, the technology that made numerous contribution to their civilization, and religion that they worshiped. People in Mesopotamia learned to build several kinds of inventions that assisted them.
There are a variety of differences and similarities between Mesopotamia and Egypt River Valleys. Egypt has a very complex political organization, whereas Mesopotamia was more organized and had self-governing. Compared to women who lived in Mesopotamia, women in Egypt were more respected and had more rights. They received equal pay for doing the same jobs as men and didn 't have to work at home unlike Mesopotamia, where they had to be a housewife and take care of their children while the men worked outside. Women in Mesopotamia and Egypt were able to buy and own properties.
The Ancient Israelites and the Mesopotamians are both early societies in the Middle East. These societies have similar social similarities, such as having the society being patriarchal. They also had the same political laws such as men were recognized as the head of the household. Another similarity is with inheritance. Usually men would inherit property, money, or other values.
The antiquated Egyptians trusted in a wide range of divine beings and goddesses. Every one with their own part to play in keeping up peace and agreement over the land. A few divine beings and goddesses partook in creation, some brought the surge each year, some offered security, and some dealt with individuals after they kicked the bucket. Others were either neighborhood divine beings who spoke to towns, or minor divine beings who spoke to plants or animals. The old Egyptians trusted that it was essential to perceive and love these divine beings and goddesses with the goal that life proceeded with easily.
The Tigris-Euphrates simply known as Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in that they both had a king with an abundance of power and social class division. However, they differed with distribution of laws and had different views on keeping peace. Both civilization believed in and feared powerful gods, and they lived their lives to please their gods and to insure a pleasant afterlife. In Mesopotamia massive towers called ziggurats were used to honor the nature gods and serve as a reminder to fear the gods. This is how the government kept in check with its citizens.
There were also gods of lesser things such as love and scribal arts. Looking at Mesopotamia’s geography, you can see how it might have served as inspiration for deities. The Euphrates and Tigris rivers surrounding Babylon could’ve been inspirations for the many water gods like Apsu, Enki, and Tiamat, as could the Persian Gulf located nearby. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, the gods are depicted as harsh and wrathful because they decide to wipe out the human race with a flood just because they make too much noise (Ward p.20). The gods’ destructive nature is likely based off the chaos caused by flooding from the Tigris and Euphrates.
Therefore, it became densely populated. Also, the Nile was used for trade and transportation, making it one of the most advanced civilizations of time. Egyptians and their way of life were greatly influenced by geography like the Nile River. The civilizations of ancient Egypt and China demonstrated that the influence of geography was pivotal to the rise of these great civilizations and the people who lived there.
Religion played an important role in civilization as government laws and divine kingship derived from it. Both civilizations were quite similar, but acquired some differences unique to each civilization. These differences include the environment, divine kingship, and sense of security from either nature or law. The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians. Moreover, both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization diffused their practices and ideas to other ancient civilizations like the Hebrews and the Greeks.
Ancient Egypt was the most advance civilization of antiquity. They had fairly advance Medicine, Architecture, Religion, and were also wise in philosophy. Greek culture learned a lot from Egypt, and they constantly referred to them and sought to find their ancestors in Egypt. The Nile was a fundamental element for the flourishing of the civilization of ancient Egypt, most of the population of cities were in the Nile valley and the Delta. The Nile was vital to Egyptian culture from the stone age.
With the rivers located just by ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, both civilizations’ culture depended on agriculture, and were formed around agricultural communities which supplied them with food. In Egypt, the annual flooding of the Nile contributed to their development in agriculture, while Mesopotamians depended on the Euphrates river, which was less dependable than the Nile because of its unpredictable flooding. The flooding of the two rivers in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia left a fertile layer of soil, making it easier to plant crops and allowing both communities to depend on their rivers for
In Mesopotamia they had new inventions. For example they had the wheel, the sail, and the plow. In Egypt they had came up with the idea of pyramids. The pyramids were built by slaves and other workers. The pyramids were made for the Pharaohs or the Egyptian god-kings.
In the Middle Kingdom, gods were believed to care for all of its people and not just the Divine Monarch (Wallech, 2013, p. 60). The rulers cared for the kingdom 's people which showed a sharp change in attitudes toward people. No longer was the ruler placed on a pedestal and treated like untouchable royalty. Treating citizens as a part of society assisted Egypt in growing and becoming successful in trade, writing and protecting itself. In Babylonia, the people were treated as sacred to the kingdom while outsiders were viewed as alien (Wallech, 2013, p.43).
There were two kingdoms the lower egypt and the Upper egypt they both had different religions. The civilization lasted 3,000 years during that time beliefs. Also Egyptians believed in that time period that the world entirely flat and was made out of clay and they thought it floated on a large sea of water that the Nile River was one of the springs.