The Yellow and Yangzi river valley people of China during Shang times were prosperous civilizations in their time. In addition, so were the Egyptians and Nubians on the Nile River. Both groups of peoples had their own traditions and ways of living, based on environment and where they migrated from. While these civilizations are quite different, they have more in common than some would realize. While they differ in religious views and political organization, the Chinese and Egyptians have similar agricultural practices and writing systems.
There are numerous similarities in the agricultural practices of the Nile, Yangzi, and Yellow river valley civilizations. For example, fertile and infertile soil due to the rivers’ flood plains. In China, the Yellow River picks up loess soil along its route, and deposits it when it floods. This brought abundant harvests to the people of the valley, even before metal tools were introduced. The flood plain of the Nile helped to create fertile soils in Egypt, which needed little preparation before planting. In contrast, great amounts of labor was put into irrigation systems in the Yangzi and Nubian areas, because the flood plain was less extensive in these regions. Another similarity between these civilizations is their writings. While not much writing from the Shang …show more content…
This was partially because of the rivers, which gave them agricultural surpluses, and allowed them to expand their societies. Their writing style is similar as well, using an ideographic system to convey their meaning. Despite these similarities, the civilizations differ in religious views and political organization. Their similarities may be attributed to migrations north out of Africa, as well as similar ways of dealing with flood plains. Differences are most likely due to the needs of the peoples in their environments, and what the societies needed most
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
In the period of prosperity, the Song dynasty and the Tang dynasty are similar with their ways in which they fought to be safe from other armies and smart when working to improve their dynasty. In the dynastic cycle, the Song and Tang dynasty showed similar periods of prosperity. In the beginning, the Song dynasty was very successful. Due to the period of rebellion that tore apart the Tang dynasty, The Songs decided they would have a test so they could only have the strongest army to prevent any period of rebellion.
Mesopotamia: the land between rivers sprouted civilization as it created agriculture in the fertile crescent. The bread basket of Africa, Egypt was divinely blessed with the bountiful inundations and their fruitful surpluses. The monsoons in India gave water to the Indus Valley that fueled the wheat, barley, peas, lentils, linseed, and mustard; those crops then gave impulse to the civilization. The millet agriculture was the seed in China from which sprouted job opportunities for many people in farming, and irrigated the future for China. Set in prehistoric times, West Africa has ample water with it being laborious to get to, but through these obstacles West Africa succeeded to grow crops including maize.
Specialized labor became prominent in Egypt. Egypt was economically productive due to prosperity and geographic location. Though the people of the Nile River valley relied heavily on trade due to the few resources that the people had access to. In the Yellow river valley there was no need to create complex irrigation due to the constant flooding. Like the Nile, the Yangzi River needed complex irrigation systems to accommodate to the crops .
I 1. Compare and contrast the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Point out the similarities and the differences in geography, religion, social structure, political systems, economy, status of women, and other factors, and explain the effect of these differences and similarities upon each civilization. The similarities between Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia as far as geography is both civilizations depended on a drainage system for their existence.
Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt were two early human civilizations that lived during the bronze age in harsh desert environments located not far from each other. Both civilizations were built around rivers that they depended on for survival. There is evidence that these rivers had great influence on both the societies politics and culture. Egypt was built around the very strong and reliable Nile River. Ancient Mesopotamia was established in the fertile crescent between the less reliable Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt shared many similarities. For example, the two civilizations both built pyramid shaped temples. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt built these pyramids to get closer to the gods. The civilizations also had the same religion. This religion is called polytheism, which means the belief in many gods.
In Mesopotamia, the rivers Tigris and Euphrates flooded the land each year. This flooding provided the earth with a rich soil that was ideal for agriculture. With this fertile soil, humans were capable of planting crops and engaging in cultivation. Hunters and gatherers settled down and began to domesticate animals and crops, as well as develop stronger homes. Organization and social skills began to advance, regulations and government were created, and a larger civilization started to form.
As such, no matter how varied the results of archaeological studies were in the ruins of each of these civilizations, the main observation remained that ancient China, the Indus River Valley Civilization, and the Mesoamerican peoples all relied on certain crops for their
The Indus Valley built large mud walls and drainage systems to lessen the effects of massive flooding. In Greece, many wars occurred between city states due to the differences in culture caused by separation by mountain ranges. In Aksum, they utilized their access to different bodies of water to become the head of trade. Each of these civilizations utilized their geography and its advantages, but also eventually fell victim to its disadvantages.
In this day and age, today’s countries and their cultures are immensely different and unique in comparison to each other. China and Canada are no exceptions. The Chinese, known for their famous silk production and their Great Wall of China, hold an impressive history ranging over 5000 years. Canada on the other hand, has only been in the game for 150 years. The British colonization in 1867 had a major impact on the First Nations and has left a serious mark on their community.
Ancient civilizations began in areas that had arable land and other features such as rivers. Civilizations succeeded in these environments because they could settle down and not live a nomadic lifestyle. Because the land was arable, agriculture prospered and people relied on the geography to grant them the elements needed for survival. In China and Egypt, geography greatly influenced and affected the lives of the people living there because of the prosperous rivers and large natural barriers.
Golden Ages are periods in a civilization where culture, art, literature, economic stability, and often scientific discovery and advancement thrive. The Golden Ages of Athens, Han China, and India were marked by cultural and economic dominance of those respective cultures. All three Civilizations were able to influence regions far away from their borders through trade, and aspects of their cultures inspired the culture of neighboring peoples. The standard of living amongst all three civilizations was also notably high. However, the development of technology played a more crucial role for the Golden Ages of Han China and India, while in Athens dominance was mostly achieved through political control and Athens becoming the most important voice
Religion played an important role in civilization as government laws and divine kingship derived from it. Both civilizations were quite similar, but acquired some differences unique to each civilization. These differences include the environment, divine kingship, and sense of security from either nature or law. The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians. Moreover, both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization diffused their practices and ideas to other ancient civilizations like the Hebrews and the Greeks.
Ancient Mesopotamia"Land between the rivers" (3500 B.C.E) and Ancient China(as early as 3500 B.C.E) are two of the many civilizations in history. Both civilizations left evidence of their way of life and accomplishment Mesopotamia ranging from the 12- month calendar, plow, cuneiform, ziggurats and number system based of on 60 count. China from ink, pictographs martial arts, great wall of China, and the art of porcelain. Mesopotamia had several civilizations within its own such as Assyrians, Sumerians, Babylonians etc.