Obesity in THE BLACK COMMUNITY: A Serious Epidemic
Obesity is a serious problem, affecting an estimated 300 million people worldwide. Its prevalence is increasing in developing countries throughout the world. More than one-third of adults were obese in 2011–2012.(1) Among non-hispanic black adults, however, 56.6% of women were obese compared with 37.1% of men. (1) The health risks associated with obesity make reducing the high prevalence of obesity a health priority. Publications have shown racial and ethnic disparities in prevalence of obesity and few changes in the prevalence of obesity with adults since 2003–2004.(1)
A prevalence of obesity among black adults from 2011-2013. Courtesy of Vox.
Why is This Happening? …show more content…
The contribution of each of these factors has been studied, and although genes play an important role in the regulation of body weight, the World Health Organization Consultation on Obesity concluded that behavioral and environmental factors ( sedentary lifestyles with a mixture of too much energy intake) are primarily responsible for the dramatic increase in obesity during the past two decades. …show more content…
A risk factor for many other diseases, obesity can affect health and longevity. Weight loss is achievable, and it provides plenty of health benefits. Studies have shown that many people who attempt weight loss regain the weight they lost. The major challenge in managing patients is, therefore, to improve their ability to sustain whatever weight loss can be accomplished. Diet, exercise, and behavioral management are the main sources of treatment, But medication and surgery can be considered in certain individuals. In the future, treatment of obesity could supplant the treatment of the many diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia, that take up a part of office practice
Just like corn whiskey, people eat food before and after work, during their day, in the evening and even in the middle of the night which causes obesity. Like whiskey, obesity is one of the most pressing health problems in our world and keeps getting worse by the minute. Obesity being a problem costs the health care system an estimated $90 billion a year. They are so many diseases from this problem, but the main disease is Type II diabetes. It was formerly known as adult-onset diabetes because it occurred in adults than children but as of recent data, a child born in 2000 has a one-in-three chance of getting diabetes.
Preventing obesity educating individuals and families through the proper eating practices to prevent childhood and adult obesity. The study of sociology regarding obesity could use the theory of structural functionalism that analyzes obesity in the United States. However, millions of Americans remain obese and overweight which affect the whole body through fatty tissue that causes many conditions like high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, stroke and many types of cancer. Nevertheless, obesity in the United States leads to indirect costs of higher medical and psychological costs of around
It’s to no surprise that obesity is an epidemic in America and is continuing to grow at an alarming rate. Statistics say that more than one-third (34.9% or 78.6 million) of U.S. adults are obese and being overweight is harming the nation by worsening the health burden, raising health costs, and undermining productivity (Greenhalgh). Sadly the responsibility for this epidemic is mostly put on Blacks and Latinos, who have the highest percentage of obesity. Latinos more so have sparked this for concern due to their large numbers in the United States and something must be done about this to help bring down these numbers and help the overall population’s health. Latino Obesity Epidemic Because Latino’s make up a huge number in the United States
There are a variety of programs and interventions available in order to help the African American population better the obesity epidemic. One of the initiatives that has been established, is the African American Collaborative Obesity Research Network (AACORN). According to their website, they are a “Collaboration of U.S researchers, scholars-in-training and community based research partners” (......). AACORN was founded in 2002 by Shiriki Kumayinka, an African American public health and nutrition researcher. The organization was initiated in order to support obesity research by individuals who are familiar with African American life experiences within the research field.
Advances in technology have made it easier for individuals to spend long hours sitting in front of screens, whether it be at work or at home. This lack of physical activity leads to a reduced calorie expenditure, which can contribute to weight gain over time. Other factors that contribute to obesity include genetics, certain medical conditions, and certain medications. However, these factors are less prevalent than lifestyle factors such as poor diet and lack of physical activity.
As previously mentioned, there is a growing epidemic in the country with regards to obesity and there is also a crippling problem with the ability to deliver health care to many others across the country. As the growing rate of obesity and other health related illness like diabetes and heart disease continues to climb over the years, health care will feel considerable pressure to be able to respond to these challenges (Yaniv and Rosin, 2009). Moreover, resources are currently overwhelmed with emergency services being sorely underfunded and lacking the ability to manage new patient inflows. Moreover, routine medical procedures for patients, even normal check-ups, will start be pushed back as more resources are devoted to illnesses that could have been preventable through better and healthier food choices (Eisenberg, Atallah, and Grandi,
The issue is childhood obesity, and it is only accelerating as a percentage of children in both America and all western nations of the world. Childhood Obesity is an issue relevant to all who consider themselves part of American society and it has profound adverse effects economically, physically for those afflicted with the issue, and mentally for those who live an obese childhood or within the family unit of a household with at least one obese child. The scope of the issue is massive and the impact of the consequences dire in many accounts. There is hope to reverse course and change the way of American-western living, and it starts with understanding the size and
Healthy People 2020 consider obesity as an epidemic in the United States. It recognizes the role obesity plays in so many other chronic diseases and therefore has made healthy weight maintenance an objective for Americans to reach. One way to organize different sources of health disparities and health problems as well as intervention strategies is by the use of the Social Ecological Model. This model is a proposed way to help identify resources that will facilitate access to health. It includes 5 levels: intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, community and public policy (Social) (Social and Behavioral Theories)
Obesity has gained a lot of attention in the recent years especially in the 21st century. Right now in America, there is an ongoing epidemic. The cause is not by viruses or bacteria, but by human nature. There is no one way to solve this serious problem. With growing body sizes and serious medical problems associated with obesity, it is a problem that needs to be addressed and changed.
According to Webster, Wellness is the state or condition of being in good physical and mental health. Although, African-American are considered to be the minority in America we are a huge fraction of the diseased American population. African Americans are 60% more likely to contract diabetes; also African Americans are more likely to suffer kidney disease, resulting from diabetes. 3 million African American’s have diabetes; the more astonish fact is that a third of the people with diabetes are oblivious to the fact they have it. African American’s develop high blood pressure earlier in life than other Americans; 45% of black women have the affliction.
Obesity is a major problem in the United States, and with all the special privileges given to its people, America has become very lazy. With portion sizes rising and physical activity decreasing, it is easy to see how the rates on obesity has risen over the years in America. Obesity is a major problem that needs to be resolved because it affects all people of every gender, age, and race are at risk of being obese. Obesity rates in America have nearly doubled rather tripled within the last twenty years due to the many privileges that the American people have before us. Something must be done to overcome decrease the
It cause physical ,psychological , and social problems. This problem can effect on children's for the rest of their lives. Childhood obesity is one of the main reasons of adulthood obesity also earlier risk obesity-related disease in adulthood. Obesity is defined as the condition in which excess body fat accumulates to the point of causing adverse health effects. It is determined by the body mass index (BMI), a measure that corresponds to weight in length.
In the new era we live in, the levels of obese and overweight individuals are highly growing across the globe. Overweight is defined as the identification of individuals and groups at increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Obesity is considered to be a disease of fat accumulating irregularly to an extent that it can harmfully disrupt an individual's health, it is also related to psychological problems and negative consequences. The situation of cumulative incidents of excess body fat is mostly due to industrialization, a mixture of little exercise, more abundance and availability of food, commonly in the industrialized nations of the Western Hemisphere. This situation comes along with a lot of controversy on the topic; overweight and obese individuals began to feel offended and discriminated by society, thus in reaction to this they created the Fat Acceptance Movement.
Fast food and unhealthy living are all problems with today’s society. We need to hunker down on obesity or it will drastically decrease our quality of life, increase our insurance costs, and our nation’s overall health. “How Obesity is affecting the World around YOU.” American Adult Obesity, 8 May 2011, americanadultobesity.wordpress.com/mark-public-argument/. “How Does Obesity in Adults Affect Spending on Health Care?” Congressional Budget Office, 4 Aug. 2015, www.cbo.gov/publication/21772.