The population health determinant is an ongoing discussion with the United States health care system. According to Knickman & Kovner (2015) social determinant of health (SDOH) are the “circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work and age, and the system in place to deal with illness” (Knickman & Kovner, 2015, p. 80). The peer-reviewed article I chose is a social determinant of health related to obesity. The ability to understand the realm of population health depends on understanding the environmental connections related to biological, behavioral, physical, access, and social determinant (Knickman & Kovner, 2015).
In the United States, with an abundant, inexpensive food supply and a largely sedentary population, over nutrition has become an important contributor to morbidity and mortality in adults." In continuation, " As early as 1902, USDA 's W.O. Atwater linked dietary intake to health, noting that "that the evils of overeating may not be felt at once, but sooner or later they are sure to appear - perhaps in an excessive amount of fatty tissue, perhaps in general debility, perhaps in actual disease" (Atwater, 1894). Somehow, I told you so doesn 't get the message across when it comes to the previous statement given more than a century ago. The last part I underlined because it drives home a very important part of our challenge today, perhaps in actual disease. What obesity related diseases do we currently have today? High blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol levels, cancer, infertility, back and joint pain, skin infections, ulcers, and gallstones. Here are 10 health related diseases of obesity. Although there are several more, but hopefully this gets the point across that 100 years ago through patterns of data analysis studied predicted the outcomes we see today. This project too requires the collection of data in the form of various journals chosen to discuss socioeconomic patterns also helping
However, millions of Americans remain obese and overweight which affect the whole body through fatty tissue that causes many conditions like high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, stroke and many types of cancer. Nevertheless, obesity in the United States leads to indirect costs of higher medical and psychological costs of around
Disease is the disruption of bodily functioning with known pathogenic agent. Disease is context dependent on the medical model. For example, sleep disorder is identified as a disease that is inhibiting you from resting that can have serious implications on one’s health. Obesity can also be viewed as a disease according to the medical model because it deviates from a normal weight or BMI. The medical model defines obesity as an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health (WHO). It calls for an intervention within the obese individual to change their weight in order to avoid health implications such as heart disease. When physicians typically label a patient as obese, they are giving a prognosis that this patient may have a later disease such as cardiovascular disease associated with their weight.
The fat acceptance movement is a social organization, which main goals are to challenge fat stereotypes, encourage acceptance at any size and alter the cultural biases of overweight people, but this movement has been demonstrating slight prosperity in its results and instead it is causing negative side effects in society. The fat acceptance movement is encouraging unhealthy lifestyle in individuals, placing body image ahead of health, which could lead to life threatening diseases and even psychological problems. Another negative effect the Fat Acceptance Movement causes is that it offends low weight beings by even encouraging
Obesity can be seen as the epidemic of the twenty-first century as it poses a threat to a large percent of the current population, and like all epidemics, there is a suspected cause, “Food deserts.” This term is a technical term used by the CDC to describe an area that lacks access to foods high in nutrients, such as specific areas without grocery stores nearby. The idea of “food deserts” is paradoxical and can be seen as holding back people who want to eat healthy food, but it also has little impact on those who do not already want to eat healthily. For the past decade, researchers and professionals have done surveys and studies on the possibility of “food deserts” being the cause of obesity and yielding different results. However, there is also the complication that obesity is an epidemic caused by a dynamic group of factors and cannot be pinned
Many of the healthcare problems in America is somehow related to or caused by obesity. The top three leading causes of death – stroke, cancer, and heart disease – are all caused by obesity (Oliver 2010). Not only is obesity the cause of premature loss of life, but it also costs America over 150 billion dollars a year in healthcare costs. In order to fix these seemingly overwhelming problems it is imperative that there is a
According to Webster, Wellness is the state or condition of being in good physical and mental health. Although, African-American are considered to be the minority in America we are a huge fraction of the diseased American population. African Americans are 60% more likely to contract diabetes; also African Americans are more likely to suffer kidney disease, resulting from diabetes. 3 million African American’s have diabetes; the more astonish fact is that a third of the people with diabetes are oblivious to the fact they have it. African American’s develop high blood pressure earlier in life than other Americans; 45% of black women have the affliction. HIV/Aids is predominant in the African American community; in fact half of the infected population
It’s to no surprise that obesity is an epidemic in America and is continuing to grow at an alarming rate. Statistics say that more than one-third (34.9% or 78.6 million) of U.S. adults are obese and being overweight is harming the nation by worsening the health burden, raising health costs, and undermining productivity (Greenhalgh). Sadly the responsibility for this epidemic is mostly put on Blacks and Latinos, who have the highest percentage of obesity. Latinos more so have sparked this for concern due to their large numbers in the United States and something must be done about this to help bring down these numbers and help the overall population’s health.
Obesity is a problem that is far more prevalent within the African American community than other racial and ethnic groups of Americans and this is particularly true among younger people (Delva et al., 2007a). The exact explanation for this is elusive and has both genetic and dietary components (Delva et al., 2007b). The proposed project is in two distinct phases. The first phase is to collect information, both through conducting surveys and through reviews of the literature, to determine why this is the case. The second phase of the proposed project is to apply this knowledge by creating a teaching plan that the African American community can use to reduce the incidence and severity of obesity. While it is not possible
Obesity has gained a lot of attention in the recent years especially in the 21st century. Right now in America, there is an ongoing epidemic. The cause is not by viruses or bacteria, but by human nature. There is no one way to solve this serious problem. With growing body sizes and serious medical problems associated with obesity, it is a problem that needs to be addressed and changed. A good way to maintain a healthy weight includes; not smoking, drinking in moderation; a healthy diet and proper exercise. Taking these actions will result in a more relaxed, happy and healthy self. Obesity in America has reached epidemic proportions, although diet and exercise is important in weight management it is not the only cause to obesity.
a massive financial burden to fulfill. While much of the expenses are covered by government policy, this still leaves many Hispanics in low income more dangerous neighborhoods. Unsafe neighborhoods and parks result in a lack of safe places for children to get the necessary physical activity they need. An insufficient amount of physical activity is one of the leading causes of obesity in children. As mentioned earlier, schools are majorly affected by the obesity rates in children. Due to the large obesity rates in Hispanic American children, primarily Hispanic schools are especially susceptible to this problem. The schools are beginning to implement programs and educational classes to help end this epidemic at the community level. Hospitals
Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B. K., & Flegal, K. M. (2012). Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among U.S. children and adolescents, 1999-2010. Journal of the American Medical Association, 307, 483–490.
Obesity has been a major problem in America for a long time every since junk food and fast food came into play. Now in America there is 78.6 million obese adults and counting (CDC). Obesity can lead to heart disease, stroke and even type 2 diabetes if worse enough. The estimated obesity medical bill was over 147 billion dollars in United States this shows that when you get obesity that is why you should stay active and eat more healthy foods. Obesity can be prevented by being active and getting enough exercise, eat healthy foods and try to stay away from junk food, finally reduce screen time and find other things to do than watching television. These are just some of the things that cause people to become obese. Now America is one of the most obese countries in the world. Mainly from people not getting enough exercise.
Asthma, diabetes, heart disease, joint problems, depression, and even death are all effects of a deadly epidemic that is surging through the adolescents of America (Johnson). This epidemic is known as obesity. It has become the second leading cause of death in America, simply because it can lead to so many other health problems (Johnson). This devastating epidemic needs to be taken seriously. This can be done by examining the problem itself, the causes and effects of obesity, and figuring out some at-home and overall solutions.