If America began using government surveillance in its citizens’ homes, America would no longer be a free country. The cons of government surveillance outweigh the pros. George Orwell wrote Nineteen Eighty-Four as a warning about the dangers of a totalitarian government, and the use of government surveillance was a theme presented throughout the whole novel. The citizens of Oceania had absolutely no privacy, and if the United States continues to use surveillance than it can lead to the same level of manipulation as the
Even though Nineteen Eighty-four and One Flew Over The Cuckoo 's Nest differ in their dystopian society, the two novels carry out their rules in a similar fashion. In the novel Nineteen Eighty-four by George Orwell a dysopian society controlled by a totitalitarianism regime called the Big Brother monitors every aspect of the citizens which reside in Oceania. Below Big Brother are the inner party who limits the freedom of speech, communication, personal belief and individuality and controlls thought, action and speech in various ways. Newspeak is a language the inner party implemented by means of controlling the citizens to prevent them from obtaining individual thought. Newspeak are words and sentenences that are being shortened and some are excluded and thus is a more advanced way of communicating according to the inner party.
Under the bleachers, the prisoners would be subjected to horrific torture practices and deprived of food, water, and sleep. Often, mock executions would be set up, leaving the other prisoners to wonder whether that person had actually been killed or simply whisked off to exile. Sham trials were also held and they almost always ended in a decree for execution. Each day could be the last for the political prisoners, forcing them to live in a state of perpetual fear of Pinochet's officers. The broader impact of such methodical violence on society is that these actions repress everyone's thoughts of revolt, uprising, or rebellion.
. .] it’s an indispensable part of the best of worlds, a necessary ingredient; if Columbus had not caught, on an American island, this sickness which attacks the source of generation and sometimes prevents nature entirely--which thus strikes at and defeats the greatest end of Nature herself--we should have neither chocolate nor cochineal” (Voltaire. Pangloss to Candide 361). Following the “knowledgeable” Pangloss, Candide then slowly started to truly see the real world at the cost of killing many people in the name of the “best of worlds”.
Goodman is the best representative of people who have lost their beliefs in the true, the good and the beautiful things on earth; they would rather submit themselves to the evil sides. Many of us are simply a copy of Goodman Brown, swaying back and forth between truth and wrong. Sometimes we can make a righteous decision but other times we are like Goodman Brown destroyed by our own human nature. At the assembly, Devil, who disguised as an old man, says to Goodman Brown, “Evil is the nature of mankind. Evil must be your only happiness.” That is to say evil dwells in everyone’s mind.
However, thinking about this phrase critically it does relate to Plato’s Allegory of the Cave and more importantly, to our culture today. The danger comes in our culture, when people begin to become content with ignorance, and never seek for understanding beyond their own perception. This one fissure in a person’s, or even society’s, mindset can be the open door for a plethora of evil. Even one of the deadliest dictators in history, Adolf Hitler, revealed how this weakness is taken advantage of, “How fortunate for governments that the people they administer don’t think.” (Hitler). Specifically, social media and the media itself are partaking in shaping the prisoners’ mindsets by releasing half-truths or shadows onto the wall of people’s minds.
The two control methods are related as they contribute to one purpose the totalitarian control over the people of Oceania. The people are physiologically manipulated as discussed by the mental control measures, and physically forced into loving Big Brother. This is one of the methods the government uses to control people’s minds, by placing fear into them. The fear in 1984 limits the people into even thinking of challenging the government. The emotional trauma the people suffer is the fear they have when the government catches them not abiding to the laws.
The book addresses, as evident by its title, how good people turn evil, but it goes beyond this simple statement. Further than just turning evil, Zimbardo suggests the line between good and evil is more blurred than many believe, and that good people do not necessarily fully become evil, but rather often perform evil deeds when their situation so allows. The major example given in the book of how people become evil, is Zimbardo’s own infamous Stanford Prison Experiment. He uses this to demonstrate many of the underlying causes which cause a person to do things they usually would not. His main argument throughout the text is that unlikely evil is almost always situational, not inherent or genetic.
However, the message Swift is trying to convey is much more vital. He shows that Gulliver's self-deception and savagery is all caused by these very falsehoods in society. By comparing himself to the unnatural "natural" standards of the Houyhnhnms, Gulliver rebukes his own nature, as the Houyhnhnms rebuked the Yahoos. His devotion to truth, and the nature of the Houyhnhnms, causes him to go mad. Gulliver's evident devotion to a definite sort of truth-telling makes him a liar at his
Society has certain standards and it you don't meet their requirements then you're considered “abnormal.” Victor frankenstein's may have the standard looks, but his actions are considered to be evil. So in modern day his behavior would categorize him as a monster. Victor is made up of his pride and selfishness. He knew that Justine was innocent and his monster is the one who was guilty, but he wanted to save himself the embarrassment. How does he not realize the patterns that keep happening.