The development of rockets can be traced by back to the Romans times hundreds of years ago. Ever since, technology continues to advance each year and the start of aerospace exploration vehicles begins. In 1957, the United States began competing with the Soviet Union in the space race, in which began when the Soviet Union successfully launched the first artificial Earth satellite called Sputnik. Not to long after, the United States launch their first artificially satellite in 1958. The competition in the space race rises, and the United States plans on sending the first man to space. However, the aspiration of sending the first human to space strives the Russians to be the first before the United States and they succeed. The Russians sent an Air Force fighter pilot, Senior Lietenant Yuri Alexeyevuch Gagarin, on the Vostok 1 spacecraft on April 12, 1961. Vostok 1 is a spherical capsule, and it traveled around the Earth once over the course of 108 minutes, reaching a maximum height of 203 miles (Taylor, N., & Britt, R.).
Just three weeks later, United States caught up and sent the first American, Alan Shepard, on the Mercury capsule called Freedom 7 …show more content…
They manufacture and launches advance rockets and spacecraft. SpaceX is known for developing the spacecraft called Dragon, a free-flying spacecraft designed to transport both cargo and individuals to orbiting destinations. It was the first commercial spacecraft in history to deliver payload to the International Space Station and safely returned it to Earth (Dragon). However, it was first designed to carry humans but it has been carrying cargo to and from space. Since SpaceX is with an agreement with NASA, they are now developing the enhancements so that Dragon will be able to carry a
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With the help of several Canadian ‘forces’, many gorgeous objects were made, including the famous aircraft Voyager. Voyager was a universe traveling machine that made by America facially, whereas most of its part were supported by Canadians. NASA came up with Voyagers to explore outer space world. Voyager 1 launched in 1977 and passed the Jupiter and Saturn during it non-coming back journey. Voyager 2 finally left the solar system and it visited Neptune and Pluto.
The race continued until 1969 when Niel Armstrong set foot on the moon (Seedhouse 128). The first satellite the Soviet Union launched into orbit was called Sputnik and it came as an unpleasant surprise to many Americans (“The Space Race”). Historians argue that the Soviet Union won the space race on October 4 1957 with the launch of Sputnik, but most agree it was just the start to the race (Seedhouse 128). After the launch of Sputnik the United States launched their own satellite in 1958 called explorer 1 which was designed by the United States army. The race began to heat up and the Soviet Union launched Luna 2 which became the first space probe to hit the moon (“The Space Race”).
The Space Race While the Cold War was going on the Soviets send their first probe to orbit the moon... Luna 2.Then in 1961 the Soviets send the first man to orbit the Earth (Yuri Gagarin) flying in the Vostok 1. (“Apollo 11”) A month later on May 5th the first American was sent to space (but not to orbit.)Apollo 8 was launched from Cape Kennedy at 7:50 A.M. on December,21,1968,Apollo 8’s mission goal was to orbit the moon. It was a successful, mission (Udvar).
"One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. " This well known quote by the renowned astronaut Neil Armstrong forever marked the beginning of a new age as the Space Race came to its final chapter. The Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War era was a pivotal period in the history of space exploration, where these two global superpowers aim to compete for technological superiority in military and space. While both the United States and the Soviet Union gained significant benefits from the Space Race in terms of technological advancements, scientific discoveries, and national prestige, the United States emerged as the primary beneficiary due to its long-lasting impact on space exploration and technological innovation.
According to the Congressional Digest on “NASA History,” “During this period, space exploration emerged as a major area of contest and became known as the Space Race.” The Space Race was a nearly twenty year process between 1957 and 1975. During this time there was a constant battle between the two countries over who would be the first to send satellites into space. The first manmade object sent to space was Sputnik I, by the Soviet Union.
Each side attempted to prove the greatness of their political system. The U.S.S.R was the first to fuel the fire of the Space Race by launching their first rocket, Sputnik 1, in the year 1957. A month later, the U.S.S.R. sent Sputnik 2 into space, which sent the first animal into orbit. While the Soviet Union was making progress, the
According to the JFK Presidential Library and Museum, the space race began In 1957 when the Soviet Union launched the Sputnik satellite which the United States saw as a challenge to see who could make the most technological advancements within the following decade (Space Program).Shortly after the race began, the Soviet Union sent Yuri Gagarin into space, and he became the first man to Orbit the earth, the United States saw this as a sign that they were falling behind their competition (Space Program).The space race aimed to determine a superior nation between the United States and the Soviet Union, in the beginning the Soviet Union was clearly in the lead so the people of the United States were even more united with the common goal of being a superior nation. According to the National Cold War Exhibition at the Royal
Around the same time both the U.S. and Russia announced the launches of their satellites Explorer 1 and Sputnik 1. But Russia took launching their satellite before the U.S. as a goal and successfully managed to launch Sputnik 1 first. After the successful launch of Sputnik 1, it became the first man made satellite that orbited earth. One month after the launch of Sputnik 1 the Russians launched Sputnik 2, that carried the first animal from Earth into space, a dog named Laika. Almost five months after the launch of Sputnik 1 the Americans launched Explorer 1 the first U.S. satellite.
This was possible with the help of some of the Nazi scientists that were brought over through operation paperclip. One of the most influential scientist to help with NASA was Werner Von Braun. Before the war Von Braun was researching and working on liquid fueled rockets. (2) Later on he successfully sent a rockets the farthest at the time. Later on when he wanted to continue his research he had to work for the military.
The rise of the Space Race started as the result of World War II when the Americans and Soviets went for the quest of discovery to find out how the Germans created one of the deadliest destructive missiles at that time; the V-2. During the end of World War II, Hitler asked his rocket engineer leader, Wernher Von Braun, and his team to create a rocket missile that could save the Third Reich. Von Braun and his team tested many designs and prototypes of rockets trying to increase their distance and power. Finally, through their effort, Von Braun successfully created a rocket that could travel over 200 miles. This rocket was called the V-2, after being created Hitler decided to attack England by launching the newly created V-2.
Also, the United States was actually “comfortably ahead in intercontinental ballistic missile development”(DeGroot 38). Scientists knew that being able to get into space would have military implications, but the fact that the Soviet Union put the first satellite into orbit may have actually helped the United States. It was not legal to fly over another country with a plane, but the Soviets had ignored that for satellites. This gave the impression that flying satellites over other countries was completely legal. This new rule would allow the United States government to fly a surveillance satellite over the Soviet Union.
In 1961, John F. Kennedy announced his submission to the “space race”. It was a mission he was determined to win against the Soviet Union, that had been going on since 1957. Although all they did was send a small satellite into space orbiting the earth, it had been a competition against the Russian and American scientist to witness who would perform the next break though in space travel. As a matter of fact, Kennedy announced his plan to Congress on May 2, 1961 that it was time for the nation to take action by being the first to take on a space achievement. As a result, Kennedy established taking the dramatic goal of taking on space travel by announcing his famous speech.
The pressure for the United States to be better than the Soviet Union caused the education in the United States to be more focused towards math and science. Maddin says, “Sputnik woke the nation up, serving as a “focusing event” that put a spotlight on a national problem. In this case, he said, the problem was education.” The sputnik launched in 1957 and was the first artificial earth satellite. Marsha Thompson even says, “I believe because of sputnik we came as a country to realize that science, scientist, and engineers would make all the difference in our futures.
Every year, billions of dollars are spent by government space agencies around the world and activities related to outer space and space exploration have become a matter of market and political competition between countries. In 2014, the top three countries with the largest budget for space programs were as follows: (1) the U.S.; (2) Europe; (3) Russia. NASA had a total budget of about $17.6 billion, the European Space Agency was funded at $5.51 billion and the Russian Federal Space Agency had a budget of about $5.6 billion (Martin, 2015). In that light, the purpose of this paper is to provide an historical overview of space exploration as well as to present the main arguments for and against investing in the development of space programs.