Pinker's The Language Instinct

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From the moment a child arrives to this world is exposed to an endless of signals and stimulations that the brain begins to assimilate. Lights, colors and sounds which will be a part of the new born life until his death. One of the first stimuli received by the baby is the voice from the parents. These voices are translated into sounds by the phonological system, some months later into meanings then complete words and eventually, some years later, into sentences. These four steps could summarize the acquisition of the language which even not being taught it is one of the longest and most laborious processes for the child. In Sapir’s words “Language is the most massive and inclusive art we know, a mountainous and anonymous work of unconscious…show more content…
The child is exposed to a spoken language and the Phonological system starts working. This system is responsible of recognizing the sound of a language. This spoken language entails phonemes, phonotactics, stress pattern and intonation system all of them included in the same received sound. Therefore, children have to differentiate all these elements every time they are exposed to the speech of those close to them and somehow children do that and they are not only able to differentiate the elements found in their native languages but also switch languages with this language’s characteristics if they are exposed to another language…show more content…
(1994) Pinker claims that children are born with this “language instinct”. Something innate which lets the children differentiate sounds regardless of the language they are listening. With three years old, the child is a “linguistic genius” (page 302, The Language Instinct) As Pinker explains, the basic organization of the grammar is represented in the child’s brain and his task consists of reconstructing the language he speaks. Parents use to assign themselves the task of teaching a language; however we could say that the acquisition of the language in children has nothing to do with parent’s attempts.
Geoffrey K. Pullum and Barbara C. Scholz expose in an article several points supporting the innate condition of the acquisition of a language; the acquisition is produced very fast, the acquisition is effective in all cases, it is productive and selective because eventually the result grammar is an option between many alternatives which could have been erroneous, convergent since the acquire grammar is similar between the members of a community and universal because the acquired grammatical system within any speech community share significant
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