It is challenging to lead a private life while truly fighting for justice. A man can fight for justice through examining the greatest issues in human nature that Socrates found essential to the private life. However, this knowledge can have the biggest effect when brought into the public life such as through teachings. These two things can then combine to reflect how the state should be changed. Socrates sometimes crossed this line himself, even if unknowingly.
“It’s clear to me that to die now and escape my troubles was a better thing for me” (Apology 41d). Socrates was a very wise man who gave deep and intellectual ideas regarding a human’s purpose in life and afterlife. He was arguing with the Men of Athens (the jury) because he was accused for disturbing the peace. Socrates was a mentor to Plato (who writes Phaedo, Symposium, Apology, and Republic about Socrates’ philosophical views) and was essential to the development of philosophy in classical Greece. Plato writes these books about Socrates’ life to dive deep into his thoughts, truth, and worldview.
Manexenus is Lysis’s friend and he also was there. Conversation started between them when Socrates started asking Menexenus questions about age, about who is born better and who is actually better. Some kind of rivalry was going on between
While reading Plato’s “Apology” in The Trial and Death of Socrates, it is almost impossible to not be inspired by his bravery and tenacity. When Socrates was tried for his controversial beliefs, he still refused to abandon his ideals, even in the face of death. Simultaneously, he gave fantastic reasoning as to why he should not be charged for living the way he did. Socrates could not have done more to secure his own acquittal. Socrates’ greatest ally in the defense of his position was his dedication to stay true to himself.
Due to distinctions in various aspects mentioned previously, it is clear that the outcomes of their criticisms are also different. Particularly, the roles that Socrates and Jeremiah play in their societies is a determining factor. Socrates is an ingrained part of Athens and describes himself as a "gift to the city by the god." He is well-known for working with people, educating others, and guiding Athenians to adopt a life of goodness. This is exemplified by the close vote such that "a mere thirty votes had been [cast] different, [Socrates] would have been acquitted."
These two questions were the main idea of the discussion between Socrates and his friends: Glaucon, Adeimantus, Polemarchus, Cephalus… Socrates asks the question of the definition of justice, each one of the interlocutors answers the question in his own way that, according to Socrates, reflects his own personality. One of the important definitions given was that given by Thrasymachus: he defines justice as the advantage of the stronger. “Now listen, I say that the just is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger. Well why don’t you praise me? But you won’t be willing”.
The concept of fate had the prominent place in the Greek religion. Therefore, many wise ancient Greeks like Democritus, Aristotle, pondered the influence of the divine over the human acts and the possibility of escaping or changing destiny. Ancient playwrights left their significant contribution to understanding the tension between individual action and fate. In this light, Sophocles was one of the most original and most fruitful writers. Unlike his
A very influential student of Socrates named Plato received and gain a lot of information about Socrates. Prior to Plato receiving this information, according to the page (131), he came up with two words the theory impermanent and external. Living at virtuous life comes from the intending perfect forum and this was another belief that Plato believed in. Knowing that Plato
Through many of Plato’s works, such as the Republic, the Gorgias, and the Apology, the person that Socrates was and his personality shine through in his dialogue. Socrates was a man who asked many questions and always pushed not only his students but the whole city of Athens to look for more than just physical things. Many people claim, that Socrates went about teaching in the wrong way and that he is an arrogant fool and not an extremely wise person. However, I disagree with this claim. I believe that Socrates was a man who looked beyond the physical world and strived to gain as much knowledge as he could through asking questions and continuing to learn from others and in turn teach others, thus making him wise and striving to live the best life.
Life is reduced to recollecting what we already know and nothing else, making our lives simply a nostalgic remembering. Why couldn’t some of our learning be gained with the body instead of through recollection? Why couldn’t we define beauty by simply comparing all the objects we have known in our lives and figure out what overall characteristics are more valuable or trigger our emotions? Socrates could answer this question since he implies that we cannot set our own standards as they would be based on our sense-perception. There is another possible loophole in Plato’s argument.