He was never afraid of speaking his mind and teaching his beliefs, no matter what the penalty was. Although, Socrates was very strong-minded and possibly ahead of his time, he never actually documented his words. Socrates is depicted by three principal sources, one of them were written by his most famous student, Plato, the other two were by Xenophon and Aristophanes. Two pieces that were used to examine socrates were Apologies of Plato and Xenophon’s Apology. In summary, Apologies of Plato was about Socrates going on trial because he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens.
I will provide a brief opening statement. Socrates was accused for corrupting the youth, teaching out of the charge and not believing in gods. These accusation were brought by Melatus, Anytus, Lycon and citizens of Athens. Below I will try to prove that Socrates was not guilty for corrupting young people neither willingly nor unwillingly, he was not a sophist, and also he believed in God. The first accusation brought by Melatus was Socrates did not believe in gods that means he was accused for being atheism.
Homer, author of the ancient Greek epic poem The Odyssey, explains the story of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, and his journey back home after the fall of Troy. Odysseus is illustrated as a man with a very complex personality, to which he obtains the expected qualities of a hero; yet he also acts against the idea of heroism. Many people believe that Odysseus fits the standards and expectations of a hero, because he possesses the desired traits of one. While others would disagree and argue that Odysseus is not a hero due to his foolish and selfish actions. Although, there are two sides to every argument, it is much more reasonable and clear to view Odysseus as unheroic.
What if human society needs goodness, even if does not exist? No one can be sure that the Greek gods exist, but the Greeks still believe in their existence (in the dialogue). Plato does not request to define the gods, when Euthyphro involves them in his definition. Explanation of such behavior may be hidden in the need of the Greeks for the gods. People of that time were in great need of the gods, and that is why they could not doubt them.
SOCRATIC PARADOXES Many of Socrates ' beliefs have been characterized as paradoxical because they seem to conflict with common sense. The following are among the Socratic Paradoxes: No body seeks evil No body will commit wrongdoings with his own will All virtue is knowledge Virtue is sufficient for happiness The expression 'I know that I know nothing ', is a renowned phrase from Plato 's account of the Greek philosopher Socrates. This quote from Socrates was an opened door to think and analyse. It has many meanings and interpretations. At one point in time, Socrates ' good friend Chaerephon went to the Oracle at Delphi and asked whether any man was wiser than Socrates.
Thomas Harris, an American writer of suspense, said: “Nothing makes us more vulnerable than loneliness, except greed.” He is best known for a series of novels about his character, Hannibal Lecter. Even though the two authors Harris and Homer both come from different time periods, Harris being modern and Homer not, the shared human experience connects them. Odysseus and Achilles are so distracted by greed and fame that they are willing to risk everything for it such as Odysseus’s life and the life of his crew, and Achilles dying in Troy. In the movie “Troy”, the main character Achilles travels to Troy with the rest of the Greek army to fight to gain control of Troy and meets many challenges throughout the battle. In “The Odyssey” written by
This philosophy was popularized by Socrates. Socrates is a man from Greece and is historically known as the father of western philosophy. The world knows of him through the writings of his students Xenophon and Plato. His teachings focused on, "how to live a good and virtuous life. The claim attributed to him by Plato that "an unexamined life is not worth living"… he inspired his followers to think for themselves instead of following the dictates of society and the accepted superstitions concerning the gods" (Mark 1).
On the other hand, Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, born in 384 B.C, parents unknown, was also exceedingly popular in his society for his exceptional work believed morality as well as ethics are based on logicality and reflection. Despite being alive centuries before Benjamin Franklin, Aristotle shares a fair amount of his views on ethics and morality and a couple divergent ideas. The similarities that exist between Aristotle and Benjamin Franklin are endless. For starters, both believed in creating a code of ethics not religion based. Aristotle lived ages before Christ did not believe in divine revelation or that ethics should rely on religious texts.
Therefore after punishing the king, Dionysus says “And if you had known how to be wise when you did not wish to be, you would have acquired Zeus' son as an ally, and would now be happy.” The author explains that peace and happiness can only be achieved by praying to the Gods and that making the Gods your enemy never a good thought. When the grandfather of the kings asks for forgiveness saying, “Gods should not resemble mortals in their anger.” Dionysus replies, “My father Zeus approved this long ago”. From the above we can say that even a God could be unforgiving and unsympathetic. Gods, like mortals, in anger can be very punishable and prejudiced. Also a king cannot rule without the favor of the Gods.
He often comes face to face with the wrath of Greek Gods, but always discovers a way in which he can return home as well as protect his beloved crewmates. Any reader should be able to take away the lessons being taught, as well as received, by a brave leader like Odysseus. Though heros are rare, they certainly were not born into such a honorable title. In order to be truly classified as a heroic figure someone must begin to dedicate themselves to a lifestyle of chaos, the way Odysseus had to better those around him. In the event that there is an obstacle a team must overcome, such as the journey home that Odysseus and his crewmates are making, it is important the leader of these individuals is willing to sacrifice.