Moreover, the birth experience may also be the reason and can be a significant contributor to PND, for the reason certain women do not match their anticipations. For example, there are several biological factors which are affecting mothers substantially. A number of women who have a provisional emotionally stressed before the birth progress postnatal depression as well as if they are affected by redundancy or deficiency of money. Mothers not having a helpful and understanding companion or who are isolated from their relations possibly will be more probable to undergo depression after birth. Changes in the way of life, relationships, previous depression or certain major life incidents are the key names and causes of
11, 12 How¬ever, Post-natal depression (PND) is diagnosed in only 50% of the women with prominent symptoms during first year after delivery. On the contrary, untreated PND can cause chronic depression and interferes in mother child bonding and even to the extent of suicide as well as infanticide in rare cases.13 However, it is important to distinguish PND from the “baby blues” that occurs be¬tween three and 10 days after giving birth; and “Post¬natal psychosis” which affects one in 500 women in the first week or so after child birth.4 The present study was conducted with an objective to assess the burden of postpartum depression in a group of Indian women attending a tertiary care teaching hospital using EPDS
Conformity is a change in behavior, which is normally caused by another person or a group of people’s thoughts or opinions of someone. When an individual is constantly told that they are a certain way, the individual will eventually begin to believe it and conform to other’s views without even realizing it. This happened to the young Emily Grierson, by a numerous amount of people, and continued to happen until the day of her death. Many can probably say that it was the main reason for her deteriorating mental condition, instability, and the strange approach of how she handled death. “A Rose for Emily” by William Faulkner is an unusual story about a girl with a troubled mind who is eventually pushed over the edge by the constant gossip of the townspeople and the heartbreak of a lover.
Fights and arguments continued to plague the relationship between Sanchez and Buchholz and on July 20, she left him and descended into crisis. Emotional distress often exacerbates postpartum depression and Sanchez soon found herself in the emergency room at Metropolitan Methodist, asking for help. During this visit, Sanchez met with a counselor at the clinic that ushered her through her pregnancy. Upon speaking with the counselor, she stated that she had delusional, paranoid thoughts that other women were trying to breastfeed her baby and hearing voices which said that others would like to take her baby away. She also reported visual images of other children’s faces transposed on her baby’s face.
She started joint pain on the right side of her knee and then the pain migrated to the left side of her body and affecting all the major joints. Her other symptom is vomiting and the mother also stated that her daughter’s body felt warm to touch. From her past medical history, we learned that this patient has had generalized hives 4-5 times per year, and the etiology has not been identified. She also had a bundle branch block 10 years ago. Her ER report
In stage two of Karen Russell’s story “St. Lucy’s Home for Girls Raised by Wolves”, the epigraph informs us that the girls will be working very hard and will experience stress which will cause emotional distress and periods of unhappiness. As well as that they must “..must work hard to adjust to the new culture”.The pack of girls felt as if they weren’t in their place or where they belonged. They didn’t find their purpose yet. The girls during this stage will experience feelings of being “isolated..,depressed, or generally uncomfortable” as they begin to adjust to their new environment.
Q 4 -Discuss- Is pregnancy altering the state of Health? Yes. When a woman get pregnant its not just carrying a baby in her body ,she well suffer a lot of other medical problems like: 1-breast: in her early months of pregnancy she well feel that her breasts became tender and large because the breast is preparing for breastfeeding. 2-frequent urination: the blood volume increases during pregnancy which puts more pressure to the kidneys. 3-shortness of breath: Before the end of the pregnancy, with the child squeezing up against the stomach, she may feel as though you can't get enough air.
A large topic in D. Spence’s (2010) review is that women are being over-diagnosed with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome as a method of further oppressing women in the medical field. That is to say, D. Spence (2010) views the over-diagnosis “has made women anxious, paranoid, and unhappy and has undermined their sexuality” (p. 341). Women who have been diagnosed with Polycystic ovarian syndrome often feel like it is used as an excuse to ignore other problems further down the line. Hormone imbalances, weight problems, and depression are often all blamed on Polycystic ovarian syndrome once a woman has been diagnosed, regardless of whether it is the cause or not. It is in this way that the sexist medical practices perceived in modern practices oppress women, demeaning them and making their problems seem lesser than they are.
For example, the girls and women who have undergone female circumcision aged between 15- 49 years old. In other locations young girls under 5 years undergone female circumcision. Female Circumcision have health problems. FGM has severe consequences for women’s physical and mental health. It reduces female sexual desire.
There are 21.6 million women having an unsafe abortion each year all around the world (WHO). According to US governor Rick Perry, “since the 1973 decision, which established abortion as a constitutional right, 50 million, 50 million children have lost their chances. That is a catastrophic number” (Ashford-Grooms). From this fact, it is obvious that since abortion was legalized, people have started to mistreat the seriousness of abortion and misuse this right. However, abortion is an unsafe action.
Postpartum depression (PPD), interferes with daily living and can take a substantial toll on the physical and mental health of mother and child. An estimated 10-15% of young mothers reported feeling depressed within a year of giving birth and these women were likely less than high school educated, non-Hispanic black, unmarried, and covered by Medicaid for the delivery (Collins, Lin, and Garikapaty, 2011). Low-income women enrolled in state Medicaid programs may be at increased risk for developing postpartum depression, which can occur up to a year after giving birth ( Kozhimannil, Adams, Soumerai, Busch, & Huskamp, 2011). Wisner, Sit, McShea, Rizzo, Zoretich,… Hanusa (2013) suggests that many low income expectant mothers in the United States