Lugones tries to develop a systemic understanding of gender in consideration of Quijano’s conception of coloniality of power. Quijano conteptualized the coloniality of power as the constituting crux of the global capitalist system of power which classifies the population around the idea of race. Lugones criticizes the absence of race in conceptualizing gender from a white/colonial perspective. According to her, gender is a violent, destroying colonial concept that is constituted and imposed by colonial/modernity in terms of multiple relations of power. Gender fuses with race in the operations of colonial power; colonialism imposed a new gender system and different arragenments for colonized people than for colonizers.
Differences in men’s and women’s speech People will consciously and unconsciously perform each identity. Language is a form of performance. The conventions of linguistic behaviour of men and women are strained from the performance of the felt and desired gender identity of a person. The above-mentioned conventions are based on natural discourse of the genders as well as on the ideologies of gendered speech behaviour within a society. Feminist movements realized that language was one of the instruments of female oppression by males.
Gender Stratification in Society According to Kofi Annan, “Gender equality is more than a goal in itself. It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance”. When an individual is being treated unfairly due to their gender, it is known as gender inequality. Gender inequality is more eminent among females and is known as a patriarchal society. It means that the society is influenced by the male.
The second model of gender, which I call “categorical theory”, treats women and men as pre-formed categories. This approach often appeals, explicitly or implicitly, to the biological difference of the sexes as the explanation of social behaviour. The focus is on some relation between the categories, which is external to their constitution as categories. This is, for instance, the logical structure underlying most discussion of equal employment opportunity. It is also found in much of the discussion of sexual harassment and gender violence.
We are mindful that others assess and portray our conduct on the parameter of sex. Social constructionists would say that sex is interactional instead of individual—it is created through social cooperation 's. Sexual orientation is additionally said to be omnirelevant, implying that individuals are continually judging our conduct to be either male or female these differrences existed to a little extent as men and women pretty much dressed and reacted the same way . This essay explores the dynamics in changes gender roles have been through from the 1950 's to 2000 's . As far as I can see there are three main factors affecting gender roles in any society .
From that perspective, I view rape is not just a tool to search for sexual gratification but about domination and power. In a society, there is always the dominance of unequal power, especially on gender, which is happening within patriarchal society and matriarchal society. In a patriarchal society men are the center of social and cultural systems, while in a matriarchal society women have more power to control their own life and the society (Dickel, “Patriarchy and Matriarchy”). However, some people may still agree that rape is essentially about gender inequality. Therefore, rape is always associated with male-dominated society, where men have more power to control over women.
Radical feminists thought women domination is more significunt to deal with, as compared to other types of domination (Jaggar and Rothenberg 1984). They concider that a society is a compound of a number of sub-groups. These subgroups are structured on the basis of natural cause or on the basis of social relations, e.g sex, caste, race, age, gender. Within each division some persons have authority over others and in this relation of domination and subordination, dominants demoralized their subordinates. Correspondingly, in patriarchal arrangement men learnt to manage the women (Lerners 1986).
There is a need for young generation to replace them and bring new ideologies for a better development and with new capacities. We need women voice and role in making our social and political polices. I would pay more attention to women’s education, their role in bureaucracy and business in Afghanistan. Bibliography Anderson, K. (2012). Marxist Classic Feminist Perspectives.
Introduction Gender in perceived as a socio-cultural construct of male and female identities that determine and influence the manner in which people live and construe their vicinity, and those around them (Lee, 2005). Typically, gender is natural. Nonetheless, it is also learned directly and indirectly in the society. In a broad sense, gender refers to the opportunities, societal attributes, and relationships affiliated with being masculine or feminine (Lee, 2005). In this regard, gender roles are perceived as behavioral norms and patterns that are affiliated with males and females in a particular culture, system, or social group (Fairbairn, Blanckenhorn & Székely, 2007).
The focal point is on the individual in the social context. It investigates the roles that society has assigned to women and men. Another term discussed in this text is feminism whose definitions are considered to be vast and varied. At the most elemental level, a feminist is someone who is of opinion women and men should be treated equally. Thus it becomes apparent the belief in gender equality is the central feature of feminism, however, activism is also considered as being an important feature of feminism for certain individuals.