Also talks about the drug that can reverse an opioid overdose if given right away, which is naloxone (Abuse). b. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention states that since 1999 the number of overdose deaths involving opioids has quadrupled. The number of opioid involved deaths continues to increase in the United States. That 91 Americans die every day from an opioid overdose.
Diabetes is three times more common than 20 years ago. Mortality, even with the increase in incidence and prevalence the mortality rates have remained reasonably unchanged. Diabetes is the 8th leading specific cause of death for both males and females accounting for 1,923 deaths or 2.7% of all deaths in males, and 1,887, or 2.8%of deaths in females. Diabetes is also a contributing cause of death in about 10% of all deaths for both males and females. The trends in death rates of diabetes as the underlying cause increased from 15.8 to 16.5 per 100,000 between 1980 and 2007.
The abundance of people on opioid medications for pain management in Alabama is a harsh reality. Education is of paramount importance when dealing with opioid medications. Many people can become addicted and even lead to an overdose without proper counseling and education on these medications that have high tendencies for addiction. In 2015, 736 people died of drug overdoses in Alabama, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a 3.3 percent increase over the previous year. However, from 2013 to 2014 there was a 20 percent increase in drug overdoses.
Prescription medication abuse has been a growing problem in the United States, and fatalities resulting from this abuse have been increasing at an alarming rate. In just five years from 1999-2004, deaths from prescription opioids have rose by 142% (Paulozzi, Kilbourne, & Desai, 2011). This growing problem has been officially labeled an epidemic by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (PDMP Center of Excellence at Brandeis University, 2014). In an effort to control this growing problem, prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) have been created in various states to try and reduce the abuse of these drugs. “Prompted in part by the diversion of prescription opioids and other pharmaceuticals to nonmedical use, Congress asked
When utilizing this I will be able to determine the drug that is used, how frequently it is used, problems that have resulted from the use, degree of drug dependence, any presence of medical harm, and if she has any motivation to change (Miller, Forcehimes, & Zweben, 2011). Through the collection of this information, I would be able to determine that prescription pain medication and alcohol would be the drugs being evaluated and the reason for treatment. The reasoning for this is because not only has she been exposed to drinking by her family, but she has also tried it. Which could develop into a problem, if not addressed. Also, overdosing on prescription pain medication that was not hers points to more potential problems, if not addressed right away.
While withdrawal symptoms are at their highest, individuals may feel a strong desire to begin using drugs again. Reaching out to drugs and alcohol for relief is a common occurrence during withdrawals. If the patient is at a Louisville alcohol rehab center, the withdrawal process is supervised so that they cannot access any drugs. This heightens the chances that you will be able to obtain and maintain a sober lifestyle. What to Look for in a Rehab Center Every person is different, so you need a rehab center that offers personalized programs that are tailored to your needs.
There was improvement in many areas of the country following the crackdown on prescription drug abuse and pill mills. However, another result of the crackdownwas a diminution in the availability of prescription painkillers and the price for the painkillers on the street became more expensive.The ones who became addicted to painkillers during the pill mill epidemic then turned to heroin. The crackdown of pill mills inadvertently fueled the epidemic of heroin. “Between 2007 and 2012, heroin use rose 79 percent nationwide, according to federal data. Within the same period, the data show, 81 percent of first-time heroin users had previously abused prescription drugs” (Markon and Crites, 2014).
Opioids have been a troubling problem in the United States for many years. In the recent past, since the yearly 2000’s, opioid overdoses have been on a steady incline. With heroin becoming the drug of choice in many cities across the country, overdoses relating to heroin are on the rise. Many states and cities are attempting to reverse the epidemic. Making naloxone, an overdose reversal drug, readily available for emergency responders or even those individuals overdosing, could cause a decrease in overdose related fatalities.
The prevalence of opioid drug-related overdose has risen progressively over the past two decades becoming one of the leading causes of death in the United States. According to Center for Disease Control, drug overdoses accounted for 52,404 U.S. deaths, including 33,091 (63.1%) that involved an opioid in 2015 (Rudd, Seth, David & Scholl, 2016). To date, the numbers are continuously snowballing and it has been a major factor in the burgeoning costs of healthcare in the United States. In fact, the economic burden of opioid abuse cost the nation a staggering amount of $78.5 billion a year, taking into account the costs of healthcare, lost productivity, addiction treatment, and even goes beyond issue of criminal justice (Florence, Zhou, Luo &
The Europeans introduced the alcohol. Not only did the Europeans brought disease to the Native land but also alcohol, which as a high rate of usage about the Native youth. In a thirty days research, Native American youth had a twenty percent of illicit drug, higher than a twenty-five percent for binge drinking and smoking compared to white, black and Hispanic. Navajo Nation reported fourteen methamphetamine deaths since 2003. Also, the increase of methamphetamine has a lot to do with the growing on reservation land (Bureau for Substance Abuse Treatment and Prevention 2005).
According to Brianna Lee in Mexico’s Drug War, “more than 90 percent of cocaine now travels through Mexico into the United States, up from 77 percent in 2003.” Therefore, drug trafficking is at a higher Smith 2 rate than it was 12 years ago with just one illegal drug. With other illegal drugs that are trafficking added to this list the percentage would grow and the demand of illegal drugs will rise. We have to also keep in mind that this drug trafficking alone is only into the United States, imagine how high the demand of illegal drugs is in other countries coming from Mexico. The war on drugs has failed for many years, and is the reason drug trafficking is still highly rising. Death occurring in Mexico has quickly raised over the years.
Prescription drug treatments increase over years, especially for those with hepatitis C, HIV, or any other serious illness. It is estimated that approximately 11,000 inmates have hepatitis C, creating costs of anywhere from $220-$440 million in health care (Pont, Stöver, & Wolff,