In recent decades, there has been a trend developing in America towards the privatization of America’s prisons. Independent companies have contracted, built and staffed prisons in several different states instead of having the government in control of these facilities. There is still much uncertainty, however, if private prisons will be able to succeed. Some companies have failed while others cling to average revenues. Some people believe that these measures will save taxpayers money while other are afraid that private prisons have no real interest in rehabilitating prisoners. Why have prisons been moving into private hands in this modern era? The most obvious answer would come from simple economics. If a business feels that there a profit to be made, even in an area that is usually thought of as a part of the public sector, it will try to get its foot in the door and make that profit. There is also a feeling among many people that public-run …show more content…
This particularly where the bulk of the prison population is mostly of black and Hispanic origin. There are estimated to be 2 million prisoners in state federal and private prisons. The prison industry is one of the most rapid developing businesses in the last 10 years. Increased use of privatization of prison services has incentivized the industry by the creation of more jobs. The multimillion dollar industry also supports such items as advertising, architecture, construction, security, food supply and countless other business operations. Prison privatization, dramatically increased in the 1980s under the Reagan and Bush administration. It is estimated that there are around 18 major corporations serving around 10,000 inmates in 27 States. The use of privatized contract firms is based upon improved efficiencies and cost reduction programs. The government alone could no longer cope with the long expansion of crime and need for more jail
He argues that privately contracted prisons reduce cost of corrections for federal and state budgets. Seiter explains how private and public corrections are not competitors but partners. Partners that “ are proud of the services they deliver and are committed to meeting the expectations of the taxpayer and public official responsible overseeing their work” (Seiter 419). Private prisons have the ability to buy the fundamental supplies, hire more staff to avoid overtime expense which lower the operating costs to run the prison and make more profit. Setier accurately states that over the past decade “ new growth in prison inmates is going to private prison” (419).
Mary Anne Batiz Dr. Pittaro Corrections 22 April 2017 Prison Privatization: Cost-Benefit Analysis Prison Privatization began around the 1980’s due to high incarceration rates creating more demand. Prison privatization is when prisons or jails are privately owned, rather than owned by the state or federal government. In the 1980’s, at the rate of overcrowding, the government could no longer supply the extra prisons needed for the incoming offenders. The CCA, Corrections Corporation of America, saw this as a business opportunity.
With 105 prisons being public and 14 being private sector there have been long discussions and decisions being made to make numerous public sector run prisons, private. The quality of service provided by private prisons is being faced with criticism that quality is being reduced to improve efficiency. Michel Gove has to make sure he is being efficient with his finances to run public prisons as he is facing 40% budget cuts. This table shows how the private and public prisons budgets have been split over the past 5 years: The public sector figures for 2015/16 exclude budgets that will be added over the course of the year which includes the prison industries, contractors’, escorts and learning and skills. 2016 will be the first full year with the prisons and offender management system going through the new reformed system with a new budget of £3,230.414m programmes resource expenditure and a further £8.000m capital expenditure and a new focus of stabilisation of the system including finances and public value (Ministry of Justice, 2015) Justice Minister Jeremy Wright gave a statement to The Telegraph (2013) on private prisons that states: ”The cost of running our prisons is too high and must be reduced.
The Reason Foundation study also criticizes the GAO study for overlooking certain cost comparisons in Australia, the United Kingdom, Kentucky, Texas, and Florida and notes that the GAO study is narrow because of its insistence on comparing identical facilities and refusal to consider hypothetical projections of government-run facilities (Moore 13). Yet even the Reason Foundation’s table of comparative studies shows a range in estimated savings of between 0 percent and 28 percent (Moore 12), suggesting that cost savings associated with private facilities are neither definite nor consistent. In addition, another factor that may be unaccounted for in the reports that claim private prisons are most cost-efficient is the cost of government monitoring and
Milakovich defines privatization as “a practice in which governments either join with, or yield responsibility outright to, private-sector enterprises to provide services previously managed and financed by public entities; a pattern especially evident in local government service provision, though with growing appeal at other levels of government” (2013, p. 39). This leads us to one of the issues facing the State of Florida: the privatization of prisons. The prison system in Florida has been slowly privatized and not much attention has been drawn to it until recently. A couple years ago, the state closed 19 prisons and many inmates were forced to move into old and rotting buildings. Some say that these privately owned prisons are more effiecient than state prisons and save money.
For instance, any changes with respect to drugs and controlled substances or illegal immigration could affect the number of persons arrested, convicted and sentenced" (Alexander, pg 219). Over-policing and harsh sentencing that destroys the lives of many Americans, along with the criminalization of drug addiction and asylum-seeking, contribute to the substantial number of incarcerated Americans and directly benefit the private prison industry. The private prison industry is not interested in rehabilitation because the goal is to make money. Prisoners becoming better does not make private prisons money. Private prisons are not the only ones that would lose profits to criminal justice reforms.
Private prisons have been increasing more and more over the decade and this is due to the fact that private prisons are handed to a third party to handle and manage thus causing the government to worry about one less thing on their agenda. Not only have private prisons been increasing because it is one less thing for the government to worry about but also because the it benefits the government with more cost-efficient prisons. To further elaborate on the above statement, private prisons are run by third parties and due to this it leads to a reduced cost because when it is run by third parties, third parties do not have to follow the same rules a government prison would. For example, private prisons can pay much less for security than a government
Regardless which side of the political compass a person lies, Americans agree that too many individuals are imprisoned in the United States. In fact, the United States holds about 5% of the world population, but nearly 25% of the prison population (Ye Hee Lee 2015). The advent of dog-whistle politics combined with implicit racial bias has allowed for casual observers and social scientists alike to notice how minorities disproportionately make up the composition of prisons since the 1970s. While no single policy exists that can fix this "New Jim Crow," getting rid of private prisons offers the easiest first step toward mending contemporary racism. Simply put, policy that eradicates private prisons in the United States proves practical as they
Prisons that are managed by the government is the most effective form of prison system. The government is responsible for the services that the citizens want to be provided publicly and are willing to pay (Gregson, 2000). Privatization means that there will be more government spending as the government will be the financier as they shift the functions and responsibilities to the private sector (Gregson, 2000). Private prisons can raise concerns on how are they managed.
Moreover, these private prison companies get its long-term profit, which increases by in increasing their man-days, with several political strategies (Ashton). Private prison companies rely upon the government budgets and concerns of overcrowding (Tylek). In 2009 there were 502 people in prison per 100,000, an increase of 722 percent since 1970. It went fro 196,429 to 1.6 million people in 2009 (Ashton). The number of people held in private federal facilities increased approximately 120 percent since 2000.
Nonviolent crimes should be punishable with fines rather than jail time, It has caused a large amount of prisons to be at overcapacity. Understand that a nonviolent crime is a crime that does not involve the use of any force. The population surging in jails and prisons all around America and the amount of money that goes into taking care of these inmates continues to expand. Jails provide three meals a day, basic health care, protection, and power/electric for every inmate admitted.
Kevin Wright in chapter nine discusses about private prisons and how they are no worse or better than public prisons. Private prisons were created to be more cost-efficiency, quality of care, and recidivism reduction compared to public prisons. Some studies show that private prisons are no more cost efficient than public prisons and do not provide better care either. Most of the private prisons promise have gone unfulfilled and been having issues related to ethical concerns and corruption cases because of the private money invested for profit. Some scholars are in fear that private prisons are going to get too big and are going to turn into a big business that will come with corruption and everything private prisons offer will not be the main
In the US, the number of private prisons is continuously increasing at such a rate that it started to raise some eyebrows. What benefits are gained from these institutions and what is being sacrificed? This topic is increasingly causing a controversy and sparking debate among opposite sides. To gain a good perspective about this, let us
They would not only cover basic contracting services but also completely manage and operate entire prisons. In the last three decades, states struggling financially to operate prisons turned to private companies for help under the auspice that private companies can operate prisons more efficiently and “eliminate wasteful bureaucracy that often characterizes government” (Brickner, et al, 2011). The assertion is that outsourcing the responsibility of running a prison to a private contractor, and states only paying based on occupancy, meant states could significantly reduce their costs. In 1984
Hence, private agencies are given contracts by the government to supervise these prisons at a lower cost. According to Anna Lukemeyer and Richard C. McCorkle (2006), “It is surprising that even when we controlled for other potentially causal variables, private prisons remained significantly less likely than federal prisons to experience any violence. Furthermore, decomposing violence into inmate-on-inmate and inmate-on-staff assaults revealed that private prisons do significantly better than federal prisons on both of these measures.” (p. 202).