I am in favor of all the programs because they each play their part in assisting with the health and needs of those within and they can be cost efficient. We begin this chapter reading about parole and the two types of release options which are mandatory and discretionary. Also, we learn about the issues released offenders deal with trying to lead normal lives after prison. For that reason, programs are created to assist with job search, education, and training. Such programs allow the offender to obtain jobs in prison and/or the “free world” while
Overcrowding in prisons should not be considered cruel and unusual because they are not being harmfully affected enough for it to violate the legal standard of cruel and unusual punishment. It should not be considered cruel and unusual, because being in prison is a punishment and “Punishment is justice for the unjust. ”-Saint Augustine The general Supreme Court definition of cruel and unusual punishment is “Such punishment as would amount to torture or barbarity, any cruel and degrading punishment not known to the Common Law, or any fine, penalty, confinement, or treatment that is so disproportionate to the offense as to shock the moral sense of the community.”
Moreover, due to the institutional nature of prisons, inmates may receive mental impacts in their prison experience, resulting in different levels of mental health damage to prisoners. Finally, the issues of prisons in the UK needs to be constantly solved, and the pain of incarceration on prisoners deserves more attention. As Justice Secretary Liz Truss said, prisons faced ‘long-standing issues that will not be resolved in
They weren’t thrown in there for no reason, and releasing them would defeat the purpose of a prison. Even though that is very true, I believe that people are smarter than that. No one is going to release the most dangerous and threatening prisoners.
Criminal justice professionals have noticed that more needs to be done with offenders if the habit of re-offending will be reduced. In fact, re-entry has become a popular word and become quite a trend in the criminal justice system. Prince William-Manassas Regional Adult Detention Center or ADC is one facility that has implemented a re-entry program that focuses on offenders getting released within forty-five days. Offenders are offered information and applications for several different organizations that are willing to help them upon release such as housing and shelters, substance abuse treatment and food stamps. They are also in the process of starting a re-entry dorm to specifically focus on the inmates that qualify and would like to participate.
In Discipline and Punish (1975), Foucault introduces two idea of what he term 's 'technologies of punishment '. Within these technologies are two representations of punishment; Monarchal Punishment referring to the public and torturous punishment practices present during and prior to the 18th century, and Disciplinary Punishment which refers to the incarceration of offenders and their subjection to the power of the prison officers, which often leads to self-policing of behaviour through fear of being caught disobeying the rules. To link these ideas to contemporary society, Foucault uses an adaptation of Jeremy Bentham 's idea of the panopticon to demonstrate the impact that constant surveillance has not only on an individual in an institution
Furthermore, since personal perception and social perceptions of mental illness affect each other, programs and policies implemented should not only be focused on providing care for mentally ill individuals but must also cultivate a healthy attitude towards mental illness in the society in order to reduce stigmatization of mentally ill patients and thus make it easier for them to seek help and re-integrate back into society. Such programs and resources should be available and accessible but individuals who need and want them should not be afraid to access them but rather, empower them to take ownership of their own wellbeing. Corbiére, Samson, Villotti and Pelletier (2012) maintain that education and advocacy can help dispel wrong stereotypes and incorrect presumptions about mental illness. Such measures would also help the public look after those who are vulnerable to mental illness and therefore encourage them to seek
When you are locked up respect is valued over everything. Inmates who have been locked up for a long time are given respect and are usually left alone. On the opposite end of that spectrum new inmates are often harassed and bullied by others because they haven’t earned any respect. When
A very important aspect of the criminal justice system is to ensure there is a way to rehabilitate offenders, not only incarcerate them. Rehabilitation in the criminal justice system means that there is an attempt by the system to restore a criminal back to a productive and useful member of society free of the life of crime. By rehabilitating an offender, the system is trying to alter their behavior and attitude in a positive way and to make them once again, law abiding citizens (Seiter, 2014). Rehabilitation can come in many forms, such as drug treatment, education, mental health treatment, develop better decision making skills, therapeutic counseling and even job training. An offender does need to be punished for breaking the law, but they need to accept responsibility for their crimes and eventually change their
The gist of this lawsuit is to provide healthcare for those in prison with mental disabilities. Not providing the right care violates the Eighth Amendment, fourteenth Amendment, and the Rehabilitation Act. The court 's are trying to fix this problem, Schwarzenegger announced that overcrowding prisoner increased the risk of illness and caused and environmental pollution. The court 's remedy was the Prison Litigation Reform Act, which was assembled by the three-judge court to issue an inmate 's release order, That was not the only remedy the court used to try to fix the problem they also tried to change the prison health care system.
Teens shouldn’t be tried as adults due to the mental and emotional harm that can be caused. This harm will negatively affect their lives post-jail as memories of the imprisonment will still be retained and will change how one perceives the world. After finishing serving time, the teenager will likely act as a different person due to the harsh environment of jail. This can include negativity and hostility caused by what could happen to and around the teen’s still-developing and changing mind. These harmful traits may make the lives of the affected due to the possible lack of socialization.
As a felon, coming out of prison all you know is how to live in prison, many are unsure how to go back into a normal functioning society and move along productively. Restoring, but also limiting their rights is a small way to show them that they are equal to all the others in society and keeps them from feeling like outcasts and the social pariahs that this world makes them out to be. Felons and Ex felons are equal to any other american citizen, their only difference is the ex felons have made mistakes in their past that have negatively affected them and their lives. However, mistakes made from the past should not affect people 's later lives in such a way that it can keep people from the obtaining the most basic of rights, this includes voting. Restoring the voting rights of ex felons would help them learn the value of the justice system and the law to strengthen their participation in average life practices. ”
There are actually many intricacies associated in a mental health court process. For instance, there are “probations, parole, the courts, jails, the community health system…” involve in the cases, which is difficult to manage, especially, for someone with a mental disorder (Docgurley, 2011). Simply penalizing accused mentally ill people will not help them become better, so through this court system, they can maintain their human rights and have the support they require to improve their condition. Mental health court, thus, is a sufficient system because it will not incarcerate and isolate indicted mentally ill
How does a system that is designed to punish, treat mentally ill offenders? The answer is legislative reforms to provide funding to treat and establish groups to monitor inmates inside prison, however, there must also be community involvement outside of the prison walls where offenders can establish an assistance and not be simply released to the wild as they are