Natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis can have a devastating effect on the coral in that area. The 2004 tsunami in south East Asia completely obliterated everything in its path, destroyed hundreds of ancient coral reefs (anthozoa) in these tropical waters. Many species of coral, such as the stag horn coral; a hard species of coral that branches out to look like deer antlers, are today classed as an endangered species due to the severe decrease in the corals range. How viable are the artificial coral reefs (anthozoa) in replacing the natural reef environment? What are its advantages and disadvantages? What improvements can be made of
Introduction: World War 2 was a very significant time in Australia’s history and it was a defining point because it played a large part in shaping the way other countries viewed it. One of these events was the battle of the Coral Sea in 1942. This battle was a triumphant point for the allied forces (Australia and US) as they fought through a number of naval engagements to keep the Japanese from cutting Australia’s supply lines from America. The battle of the Coral Sea was a turning point in the war for multiple reasons such as the major events throughout the battle, the outcome and the measures taken to cause that outcome.
Even as the ocean is warming, much of the coral cover will still remain. We will see a rise in sea-level but to a limited extent. Working to adapting and mitigating to these climate changes will prove successful. Efficient land-based conservation efforts and sanctuary management work will be crucial for facing these climate
Introduction In order for a coral reef to be productive and healthy, the water quality in the ocean should be maintained. Water quality not only affects coral reefs, but the other organisms that live on it and are involved with the natural food chain. Some of the factors that can influence water quality are nutrients, temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, light, and chlorophyll present. Water is essential to every living organism because it helps with respiration, maintaining body temperature, digestion and provides energy.
One major limiting factor could be humans and pollution of the ocean effecting the health of everything in the sea. Temperature is also a huge limiting factor. Coral reefs like the environment to be warm but not too warm, it has to be just right. There is also a need for salt, if salt levels go down in an ocean over a long period of time because of rain or rivers the the coral will die. One last limiting factor is overfishing in the area of the coral reef.
Wave Energy Wave energy is a great alternative energy to fossil fuels. When people think of waves, they usually think of surfing, the beach, waves crashing down on the shore, but most people don’t think of energy being converted through waves. This energy is very unique, and more people should know about it, and should definitely be used more. Ocean wave energy is a good alternative to fossil fuels, because is renewable, a powerful clean source, and there are multiple options of ways to harness it. How It Works
The Great Barrier Reef supplies natural medicines that could be produced into effective drugs. Many coastal and island communities depend on coral reef fisheries for their economic, social, and cultural benefits. The Great Barrier Reef protects the vulnerable land that it surrounds. It can dissipate wave energy from storms and tsunamis. The biodiversity ensures that some life will maintain survival, even after major catastrophic events that abolish many species (Carilli).
If the climate continues to rise the coral population could become obsolete and disappear (CREARY, M. (2013). One of the most notable climate changes that damaged the coral reefs was the “El Nino” storm in 1998. This storm caused an extreme increase in the water temperature and bleached one- sixth of the corals in the World (El Niño prolongs longest global coral bleaching event. (n.d.)) Although we cannot prevent the weather, humans can reduce the amount of deforestation in rainforests that will reduce the amount of carbon dioxide that is emitted into the atmosphere.
Natural disasters leave people scared and lonely like fish stranded without water to survive. Rogue waves and tsunamis are both huge, deleterious, and life threatening natural disasters. The two storms are practically unpredictable and cause great destruction wherever they strike. Although rogue waves and tsunamis seem alike on the surface, when diving deep into the information about them, one can see just how different they are.
The coral was so weak and brittle, with only a little movement of water it withered away into a fine dust of calcium carbonate shells and skeletons. The acidic water wiped out of all the coral to almost extinction. Bothered by what I saw on this trip I headed up to the boat to report my findings to the unesco. The boat ride returning to the mainland I was shocked to find out how much oxygen I used up in my tank, the coral seemed so much farther down than I expected, the sea level insinuate so much higher. Perturbed by this I knew it was all an effect from climate change and we were all to late to correct the damage
1. It is a scientific fact that biodiversity is greatest near coral reefs and estuaries. But because of human influence coral reefs around the world are dying. Human coastal development, pollution, ocean warming, and ocean acidification are all things that threaten them. The World Research Institute estimated that about ¾ of the worlds shallow reefs are threatened by climate change, pollution, and overfishing.
Having an ocean without coral reefs is almost like having a world without homes. There would be no place for shelter or to raise a family and humans would be more susceptible death. When in a chemistry lab, if one were to add just a little too much of a chemical, the whole reaction could be changed. For chemical reactions to work properly, there cannot be excess amounts of certain chemicals because the balance would be thrown off. This is exactly the same for the ocean; when the ocean absorbs more CO2 than normal, chemical balance is thrown off.
In this research paper we will explore more about coral reefs and their importance. Coral reefs are communities of living organisms. They are made up of fishes, plants, and many other creatures. They have been around for millions of years: less than the 0.1% of the world’s ocean floor Is covered by coral reefs, however they grow very slowly, from 0.3 cm to 10 cm per year.
Therefore, the impact of overfishing and illegal collecting of coral may destroyed the social and economic well-being of the coastal communities who depend on fish for their way of life. Beside, it is also direct overexploitation of fish, intertebrates, and algae for food and the aquarium trade, removal of a species or group of species impacting multiple trophic levels, bycatch and mortality of nontarget species, and change from coral to algal dominance due to reduction in herbivores (Reef Resilience Organisation,