After the civil war and with the assassination of President Lincoln the south was forced to go through the reconstruction. Reconstruction was a highly oppressive system, under the guise of readmitting states into the union that the north used to make the rebel states pay for the civil war. The south was lawless to a certain degree and those who had been part of the confederacy were punished severely. Even coming to a point of having to beg the president for their rights For all practical purposes the north made reconstruction as hard for the south as possible, and because of this reconstruction caused more harm than good to either side. The bright spot of this dark time would have been the fact that many black people were able to live well. The former slaves enjoyed their rights as citizens of the united states. Some moved north while many stayed in the south. Many were able to go and represent their states in Washington D.C. …show more content…
Hayes was elected the north was tired of the war and reconstruction and wanted to move on. Politicians made a backroom deal and ended reconstruction, and the south was allowed to do as it pleased. During this time the racism that had been there all along resurfaced. The Black population began to lose many of its rights to the Jim crow laws, and segregation between black and white was soon instituted. The idea behind segregation was that the black and the white could not or should not mix. This led to the idea of separate but equal” that black and white people should be dealt with as equals but separately. In reality, this only led to the black community being treated as second class citizens. segregation was a system that would endure still for many
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The main action taken that affected the South after Reconstruction was the Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow laws legalized racial segregation in everything from education to public facilities to religion. Due to this law, Black Americans struggled for racial equality. Abraham Lincoln’s Death: Abraham Lincoln’s death marked an extending time period of racism, segregation, discrimination, and fight for equal rights under the constitution. Without Lincoln there to guide the United States through reconstruction, the United States took action on the issue at hand.
Not long before 1876, slavery had been abolished and the black Americans slow rise to prestige positions in congress began. The south had been flooded with former slaves; now free men, who were presumed to be equal American citizen. Entering the year of 1876, Americans were gearing up for a presidential election that would majorly impact the socioeconomic role in the coming generations of black America. Rutherford Hayes, running as the republican electorate won the candidacy for President. Unfortunately, the positions on president came at the cost of an agreement that is now called the Compromise of 1877.
When reconstruction ended, we all could say we were united under one nation. This ensured that blacks would always be free from going back to the life of a slave; although, many people were so against reconstruction it caused a lot of hate in the south towards the blacks. The black people were given rights that were much like the rights that white people had. The southern states had new constitutions and recognized the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments’ after reconstruction ended in 1877. Education was provided to the blacks, not just the whites.
The war between the North and the South, also known as the Civil War, was pivotal event for black suffrage and helped shape our modern day society. Although it caused a tragic loss of American life due to discordant values, the Civil War was a necessary evil as the United States would be unrecognizable if it hadn’t. This paper will discuss the multifaceted instigators of the Civil War, the tactical advantages and disadvantages of each dissenting side, and the effects of the war on the daily lives of the Confederate civilians. While the elimination of slavery is often cited as the principal motivation to start the Civil War, there were several other cultural, political, economic. and ideological factors that were major contributions.
After the Civil War the South was left in ruins. The Confederacy made a vast amount of changes to their governments. Therefore, their loss to the Union left the South with no dependable governments or reliable leaders. Lincoln needed to rebuild and reconstruct former Confederate states, in order for them to be re-admitted to the Union. Without reconstruction the South’s economy and productivity would have disintegrated and values for the products coming from the South would deteriorate.
Although the Emancipation Proclamation tore African Americans apart. Including a social class who involved race being above or below people. This goes with the Creation Myth. The Creation Myth stated that people of color were only slaves to the white, and they were not able to be treated differently than that. This was a big controversy because after the slaves were set to be let “free” they suffered a great deal.
The period between the end of the Civil War and the Great Depression had many notable achievements such as western expansion and the Reconstruction Era. However it was also a time period in which many minority groups were fairly disappointed in the American government. The Reconstruction Amendments had many holes not making it effective enough, and with more expansion to the West came more extreme racism towards Native Americans. It is clear that there were attempts to change America for all the people’s freedom, but there are still many flaws those changes possess. Because of that, I find myself in the middle of the debate about who benefited most from this time period.
Hayes became president of the United States, the first decision he made was to end reconstruction by removing all the Union troops from the south, but that led to the ex-Confederates gaining control of the south. With racist ex-Confederates back in power, the southern African Americans were destined to be segregated, in regards to their place in society. According to the Supreme Court, segregation did not violate the fourteenth amendment as long as blacks had access to accommodations that were “separate but equal” to those of white people. Jim Crow laws were implemented as a way for white people to treat African Americans unfairly. White people did not want to accept the fact that they had to share public places with black citizens, so these Jim Crow laws set some boundaries by segregating black and white people in public schools, restaurants, trains, sports stadiums and movie theaters.
The Civil War was fought between the Northern states and the Southern states because each side of the nation wanted their own freedom and rights. The war was evitable or avoidable because the North wanted to preserve the Union and the South also wanted to preserve their ideas on how the unified country should have existed. After the Revolutionary War was fought, the two sides should have gained knowledge on how to work together as one United Nation. The arising action in the South took place when the Southerners believed that they had the right to leave the Union.
Reform or Revolution: Two Sides of the Civil Rights Coin The most famous mass movement in the history of the United States would certainly be the Civil Rights Movement. During the period of its highest activity, many different groups fought for racial equality. The movement started in relative unity, yet it splintered into different factions, which all different tactics in reaching the goal of equality. Bolstered by disillusionment with the nonviolent and gradualist tactics of mainstream civil rights organizations, groups such as the Black Panthers combined Marxism and Black nationalism to fight aggressively for the civil rights of African-Americans.
The South decided to continue to fight about the ‘Carpet-Bag’ government and resisted the North’s help when it was offered. Reconstruction slowly died when the South kept resisting the help from the North. In the South, people such as the KKK took control of the South and the North got sick of it. Southerners resisted help and decided to use an corrupt government and ideas in the South.
The American civil war led to the reunion of the South and the North. But, its consequences led the Republicans to take the lead of reconstructing what the war had destroyed especially in the South because it contained larger numbers of newly freed slaves. Just after the civil war, America entered into what was called as the reconstruction era. Reconstruction refers to when “the federal government established the terms on which rebellious Southern states would be integrated back into the Union” (Watts 246). As a further matter, it also meant “the process of helping the 4 million freed slaves after the civil war [to] make the transition to freedom” (DeFord and Schwarz 96).
The blacks were forced to vote for republicans, the blacks were looked at as free but not as equals in the south, the most powerful people lawyers, doctors and dentists who could make a difference were members of the Ku Klux Klan, who were against reconstruction. The southern leaders of the government only wanted white people in power, the north pulled out all its soldiers from the south, making it even more difficult for the freedmen to be free and equal. The South had a lot of violence, The KKK held responsibility for most of the violence in the south because not one person tried to stop them. The KKK is a
Although there existed several drawbacks with the reconstruction of the South, there were some positive occurrences that took place. There were two new constitutional amendments instituted, an enactment of the nation’s first civil rights law, and the prohibition of slavery. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 did not allow racial discrimination in all public establishments, transportation points, places of leisure, and juries (Shultz, 2014). However, isolation in public schools was not restricted and there still remained racial discrimination in the workplace. Along with the inoperative measures of the Civil Rights Act, there were many other obstacles that would hamper a complete reconstruction.
The government, which was controlled by former confederates, would ban African Americans from going to the office because they hated them. They would put racial, bias laws that would try to stop African-Americans from being free and being a citizen. They would also threaten them with their lives if they voted for opposing laws that aided them. Also the black majority would be out of jobs, especially the ones in the government and in “1901, last black representative lost his seat in congress”(PBS, Public Broadcasting Service). They would run out the power of African-Americans and they would finally have no say in what laws were passed or the injustices they were being faced.