The Puritans had a huge impact on New England and their way of living. Once the Puritans colonized New England, they had a huge positive influence on the political, economic, and social development of New England through their ideas. Politically, they established the form of government we have today. Economically, the Puritans helped to develop the art of shipbuilding in New England. Socially, the Puritans had certain ideals that related to the community coming together as a close family. The Puritans had a huge influence on New England politically through their government as shown in documents A, F, G,and H. Document A is from John Winthrop, as he discusses how all of the Puritans must work together in order for this colony of theirs to work, “...wee must be knit together, in this worke, as one man.” Which is taken to interpret a government run by a group of people,which is basically the sort of government …show more content…
Document B is a map that shows the terrain of a New England town; which includes farms, houses, the school, and the church. From the map, I can interpret that the Puritans helped New England to develop a sense of community within the town, based of how compact and dense the town seems. In document C, it discusses the importance of spreading the knowledge of the gospel to puritans and non-puritans. Education was important to them, because they wanted to teach their children how to read, so they could be able to read the bible. Document E discusses the importance of education after establishing their colony. Puritans valued education and this may have been the start of public education. The ministers in New England were educated at Harvard college. Document I is much like document E in the way that they both valued education. Although, document I talks about how Robert Keayne did not live a boorish life. He, as a puritan, believed in self sacrifice and
Salem Witch Trials The Salem Witch Trials were a terrible event that happened in the history of the United States of America was when innocent individuals where accused and sentenced to death for the crime of witch craft. More than 20 people were executed by hanging and one man was pressed to death by stones being stacked on his chest. In England they would burn people at the stake or throw them in a body of water with stones tied on their feet and if they swam to the top, they were a witch is they drowned, they were innocent.
Religion was very important to the Puritans in the 1600s. John Winthrop a member of the Puritans gentry, wrote to his wife the ‘I am verily persuaded God will bring some heavy affliction upon this land.” A year later he went and lead a group of a group of puritans to New England. By the 1630s another twenty thousand Puritans would come to America. When John became governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, he told immigrants that will have to guide people toward this holy ideal or they were not welcomed.
First of all, the Puritans were reformed Protestants from England in 16th and 17th centuries, who wanted to purify the church from Roman Catholic practices. They were dressed in simple and modest clothing; Puritans spent most of their time praying. They believed in the notion of predestination, which means that every human’s fate is known at birth. Moreover, many Puritans moved to America fleeing from religious persecution.
The Puritans influenced the development of the New England colonies, including Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, and Connecticut through the Puritans’ extreme theological values and ideas that create the theocracy, their hard work ethic that increases their economic stability, and their resistance to tolerate other’s different opinions.
New Englanders rejected what they were force fed to believe when in England and instead made their own Puritan model of education. The leaders of their Puritan society were highly educated men; they had all attended universities such as Oxford and Cambridge in England. In 1630, John Winthrop claimed the society they were forming in New England would be “a city upon a hill”. Another leader of the time period was John Cotton who also believed their community has to be educated to be able to comprehend their basis: religion. In order for the people who were growing up in New England to become well-versed in the Bible, they had to be able to read.
Keayne’s insight into the will of a Puritan living in the New England area in the 1600’s support us to perceive where our Founding Fathers got their jealousy, and tenacity. They were not ruled by distant lands forasmuch as of their faith in “nothing being more authoritative than the Bible.” One of the only reasons for the breeding of young Puritans in the New World was so that they could read scripture!A statement made about education in New England in 1643 rank that: “the next things we hunger for, and looked after was to
They wanted to create pure, moral Christian society based on moral living. By hard working, integration of religion in politics, and social development of certain lifestyle practices, Puritans had a large influence on the development of the New England colonies from 1630s through the 1660s. Puritans believed in hard work as the pathway of success since they thought they were favored by God to succeed (Doc I). They tried to shun idleness and believed that being lazy is not profitable (Doc C).
About a century later, during the 1630’s, the Puritans decided that the best way to reform was to emigrate away from the Church of England. Author David Hall claims “excitement ran high that a new kind of society was being created, a community without “the unclean conversation of the wicked” as Thomas Weld reported to his former parishioners in England.” They called this society “New England” and the puritans were one of the many religious movements able to escape to it, but their historical timing was in no way unique. The Puritans eventually realized that they’re next step was developing their society, shaping its system to fit their beliefs.
Puritans believed nothing was more important than education, because it would rear children properly and allow for their society to prosper and survive. ” … Puritans taught their children to read and write.” (Hollitz, Page 22) Learning to write gave children the ability to write diaries, letters, and many other writings which permitted them to express their feelings, keep notes, and learn. Reading was very important to Puritans and was heavily taught in schools, because it was “one chief project of that old deluder, Satan, to keep men from the knowledge of the Scriptures.”
The Puritan’s goal of coming to the New World was not to create a new life, but to create the ideal model of living for the “corrupt” inhabitants of England. This was coined “The Errand”, the Puritans desire to establish a City Upon a Hill that others could look up to and imitate in order to receive God’s grace. The Puritans failed at building their City Upon a Hill (creating a perfect religious, economic, and political community), however the long-term effects of their efforts have influenced American moral politics throughout its history. The Puritans forever had the attitude of a community that had successfully established a City Upon a Hill. The Puritan lifestyle was heavily influenced not only by religion, but also inside of that, morality.
Evidence shows that the Puritans had politically influenced their colonies with their religious values. In the New World, a group of Puritans established the Massachusetts Bay Colony. There, the Puritans would create a government that would revolve around their covenant with God. On the way to the New World, John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, led a sermon, titled “A Model of Christian Charity”, about Puritan ideals (Winthrop). As well as determining Puritan ideals, the sermon urges colonists to unite as a “city on a hill” for others to look up to (Winthrop).
It was against the law to speak out and have opinions, being expected to work hard was not out of the ordinary. Puritans were expected to live by a strict moral code. Believing that all sins should be punished. “They believed that God would be the one punishing for sins and bad behavior. Friends that suffered from loses, and misfortunes would not be helped by Puritans” (Marvel 73).
The ideas constructed by the Puritans were not simply a principal starting point for American culture because they were the first in the country, but because they offered distinct ways of thinking that are still deep-seated in our culture today. Although many of the ideas of Puritans have evolved or vanished over time, it is important to give credit to the Puritan writers and thinkers such as John Winthrop and John Cotton who offered ideas that were new at the time and that stayed with the American consciousness—culturally, socially, and politically. “John Winthrop's legacy can be seen primarily in the fields of government, commerce, and religion. It was religion that would most impact John's life; his religion would ultimately impact the