In some cases, police harassment simply meant people of African descent were more likely to be stopped and questioned by the police, while at the other extreme, they have suffered beatings, and even murder, at the hands of White police. Questions still arise today about the disproportionately high numbers of people of African descent killed, beaten, and arrested by police in major urban cities of America. Since the mid-1900s the words law enforcement and policing have been used interchangeably. In order to understand the present, one must understand the past relationships between law-enforcement and African-Americans. The Webster’s Unabridged Deluxe defines black as of the darkest color; opposite of white ; a Negro; dirty; evil; wicked; without hope.
This article was written by Cody Ross and published in the Social Forum journal, a peer reviewed journal. It is reliable as it has already been peer reviewed and cites many other sources throughout it. In the article, it says that there is a racial disparity in police violence against white people and black people. It attempts to support how black people are unfairly the victims of police brutality as compared to white people. It brings up statistics as to how unarmed black people are much more likely to be shot than unarmed white people are when it comes to dealing with the police.
Law enforcement racially profile people when making traffic stops, people feel like the police target them because of their skin color and are more aggressive to them. On May 14, 2001, three young African American males were pulled over by the police. According to one of the passengers stepfather they were stopped because they were racially profiled, according to the officer it was a legitimate traffic stop due to failure to use a turn signal (Schott). According to the Richard G. Schott: The highway traffic practices of New Jersey and Maryland State Police troopers have been called
Hence, it can be said that, disagreement or dissatisfaction goes up to any extent in people’s lives, seeing peace and violence, which seemed to be stuck systematized (Bell, 1992). Nonetheless, some national reports refute police abuse, broken windows policing and misconduct by them fully and they also indicate racial profiling and racism’s elements in such policing. Additionally, these reports also encourage body-worn- cameras and advocate its recording as the evidence in
Destruction, poverty, and violence are just a few examples of discrimination that the Black community had to go through during the 1960-1980’s , and are all similar issues portrayed in the films “Black Power Mixtape” and “Do The Right Thing”. Both films have their own story, but both reflect on the racial injustice Black citizens faced, while also educating viewers on the violence that occurred during that time through riots, and police brutality. Each film comments on African American experiences of racial injustice by telling a story of pride and power, while also demonstrating destruction, brutality, and violence throughout the Black community. The famous film directed by Spike Lee “Do The Right Thing”, focuses on racially diverse individuals who live and work in a lower class neighborhood in Brooklyn,
There had been many attempts to answer this problem, however it is still not solved. This issue, as well as trying to be explained and examined with many other sciences and studies, could be explained with psychology, sociology and social psychology. There are many reasons causing police to use excessive force on black males, and there are many background social or psychological motives pushing them to be more prejudiced and racially profiling. To start with, in his work Police Racial Violence: Lessons From Social Psychology, L. Song Richardson argues that “Implicit Racial Bias and Implicit White Favorism” are counted as one of those reasons. (Richardson, 2015, p.
Despite many attempts by prominent social figures to weaken it, prejudice and racism is deeply ingrained in society. In To Kill a Mockingbird, which takes place during the Great-Depression era of Alabama, racism is a main point of debate. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee uses the setting, character’s tone, and Scout’s narration so that the audience can understand racism and change their attitude about it. The story centers on the trial of Tom Robinson, a black man wrongly accused of raping a white woman. The setting in the fictional town, combined with the tone given by many characters and Scout’s innocent and unbiased narration.
Police racism is a very big problem in America. The killings of Eric Garner, Michael Brown, and Walter Scott are other examples of police racism and brutality as well. Reasons behind police racism and brutality are simple. People still have a certain way that they think about people of color.
A tragic motor vehicle event occurred in January of 2018 in Las Vegas that lead to safety concerns and the question - are driving licenses given too easily and should this right be given an extensive right to obtain? An implausible story highlighted a speeding driver who was under the influence of drugs (marijuana) and proceeded to his car being smashed into a building 60 feet up in the air. Local police confirmed that 2 people were inside the car at the time (who’s names have not been disclosed). Both individuals did survive the insane crash. Authorities such as The Orange County Fire Authority and The Santa Ana Police Department confirmed using CCTV cameras that the driver had hit a centre divide which therefore projected the car into the building wall.
Hip Hop produced similar idols and ambassadors through the years and decades. Kendrick Lamar is one of the most influential MC in the United States. His lyrics containing strong statements about the situation of African-Americans in the present-day society where the black community still have to face issues of racism and police brutality. Kendrick is a similar character to Martin Luther King considering his commitment towards his community and culture, his voice has a strong influence on black people. Sometimes when social injustice and racial issues drench the society, music is one of the best way to demonstrate against these problems.
Some would argue that the police are doing their job and using the skills they have learned. The ones they are using however, are over the top and resulting in injury or death of the people they are arresting. In a “study—which gathered data voluntarily reported to the FBI from 2011–2012, tracked by race (excluding Latinos)— found that 70 departments from Connecticut to California arrest Blacks at a rate 10 times more than people of other races” (Catalan, DiversityInc). In addition, they are using these harsh tactics on primarily African Americans, who most of the time are getting stopped for a traffic violation and end up being hurt or killed. In this case, many officers are abusing their powers, shooting people, and claiming it was an act of self
Racial profiling can cause multiple problems. Several law enforcement agencies have gone through expensive litigation over civil rights concerns. Police-citizen relations in those communities have been strained, making policing all the more challenging. Most importantly, racial profiling is unlikely to be an effective policing strategy as criminals can simply shift their activities outside the profile (e.g., if racial profiling begins with police stopping black males in their teens and twenties. The "cumulative impact of racial discrimination accounts for the special, way that blacks have of looking at and evaluating" their experiences in public encounters (Feagin, 1991:115).
From beating children as a form of discipline to selling drugs on the street the fear is at the root. This sparked my thought of how one is to overcome the fear if that is even possible. Another point that I found interesting was Coates ' view of black history. Because it was a perspective I’ve never heard before, I pondered on the idea heavily. At first, like myself, Coates took an enormous amount of pride in black history.
According to Stop and Frisk (A Case Study in Judicial Control of the Police) by Herman Schwartz, " the power to search, the New York "stop and frisk" statutes provides temporary questioning of a person in public places search for a weapon"(434). An officer has the right to stop an individual in public if he has a reasonable doubt of suspicion to temporary stop and frisks the individual. The statistic has shown that many officers have targeted the minorities in the stop and frisk. According to An Analysis of the NYPD 's stop and frisk policy in the context of the claim of racial bias by Andrew Gelman, Jeffrey Fagan, Alex Kiss " the number of arrests of each group in the previous year black were stopped 23% and Hispanics 39% more often than whites"(19). Minorities are stopped twice as often for violent crimes and a
The media loves to exploit any story where they can throw the race card and this case is a huge example of this. In the video, “How Racist are Ferguson Police?” it states that police in Ferguson have “established clear racial disparities that adversely impact African Americans” but people seem to ignore the fact that the reason Michael Brown was alerted to the police in the first place was because he committed theft. When a police officer sees a person who fits the description of a criminal it is his job to address the issue, and that is what officer Darren Wilson did. Brown went after Wilson and there is factual evidence of Brown’s blood being found on the gun and in the car of Officer Wilson. Wilson did not shoot Brown because he was black, but because he was dealing with a criminal who was posing a threat to his life.