(1998) stated “Legal samples are also likely to contain the more serious cases, limiting their generalizability” (p. 24). I believe there is no validity to this statement. As a reader, I am questioning what Rind and colleagues consider to be “serious” cases of child sexual assault and which cases are “not serious.” The statement is a matter of subjective opinion rather than fact. Individuals all perceive their assault differently; it is not up to Rind to determine what is a serious and what not a serious sexual assault of a child is. An individual, who might have experienced a “less severe” sexual assault in Rind’s opinion, might experience more mental health effects than a different individual who Rind considers to have had a “more severe” assault experience.
Some judges follow these guidelines and some do not. If a judge follows these guidelines then it is helping these attempts. These sentencing guidelines can also hurt these disparities because I think since our system of punishment isn’t so great these sentencing guidelines can be unfair. For example, two judges can be handed a similar case, one judge can
Restorative justice offers the process for those affected by criminal behaviour such as the victims, offenders and families to take part in resolving the issues. According to some of the proponents of the restorative justice, crime is wrong not because it is an offence against the society. However, it is a wrong as it is a violation of a person by another person.
The inability of justice programs to work as they are intended to is seen as one of the significant problems facing the justice system. Welsh and Harris (2013) seeks to explain the inability of the justice programs to not work in stating, “The problem is that many criminal justice interventions fall short of their goals because of poor planning, poor implementation, and poor evaluation. It is fair to say we have not yet discovered “what works” to reduce crime.” From this, it is clear that the development of interventions is not the issue and not the cause for them to not succeed in their mandates but the problem is within their planning. Welsh and Harris (2013) believes that in order to
Michael King and Colin May emphasise the lack of understanding between BME parties and white, male judges to a have a detrimental impact on BME defendants; they criticised the lack of diversity in the judiciary and believe that “impressionistic accounts and limited empirical evidence suggest that they are more likely to be prosecuted than white people” . It is therefore plausible to assume that having a diverse judiciary across the courts will improve the satisfaction of all parties in a case; particularly, cases that involve Black, Asian, Minority Ethnic (BAME) parties. Recent evidence implies that the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 has not yet achieved the desired impact in making the judiciary more diverse however through a comparative lens the reforms have made a colossal effort to tackle the problem compared to ten years
Eyewitness Identification & Wrongful Conviction Introduction According to Matlin (2013), eyewitness testimonies can be inaccurate for a few reasons including the inability to pick a person from another ethnic group, issues with memory schemas, and being influenced by someone else 's recall of the facts. Therefore, eyewitness testimony is not always the most reliable when faced with trying to place a suspect at the scene of a crime. Wrongful convictions can happen when an eyewitness recalls memories and details that are not their own or in cases where the person seems familiar to the eyewitness but not because they committed a crime. Summary It was informative and interesting to read "Safeguards against wrongful conviction in eyewitness
First, punishment is more likely to lead to a reduction in behaviour if it immediately follows the behaviour. Prison sentences often occur long after the crime has been committed, which may help explain why sending people to jail does not always lead to a reduction in criminal behaviour. Second, punishment achieves greater negative results when it is aggressively
In this case,the answer that suspect give would be very limited. The word they use are monosyllabic during the responses and sometimes they would pretend they are loss some part of their memory due to different factors(Alison, 2013). This strategies are more likely to appear in the individual’s self-generated preplan since they relied on themselves and they would try to protect themselves more (Alison,2014). Moreover, both terrorism and non-terrorism might use the same tactics in the interview, because there are actually more non-terrorism use this strategy related to criminal offences (Kalbeisch, 1994). Based on the knowledge of this strategy, police could still make progress for the interviews since they might response to the question during the
It is either people are afraid of the consequences which might occur or there is simply lack of time. The correlation is evident and exists between crimes reported and crime rates. Crime rates are influenced by the information given by crime reporters which means even if there is crime occurring at a higher rate, the crime rate will be less as enough crimes aren’t reported. Therefore, the decline in crimes reported is partially the reason for the decline in crime
A victim of a crime who doesn 't know they 're a victim. In itself the sentence seems like nonsense and yet at the same time it makes sense entirely. A repressed memory is one heck of a way to ignore the traumatic events set behind someone, a coping method that will inevitably falter is still one to get past the initial shock. Alongside the various other reasons you 've listed, it seems pretty obvious that some things are more apparent than others when it comes to criminal activity. Victimization isn 't always easy to discern, especially if it 's happened for prolonged periods of time or if it occurred in an area where it 's not nearly as taboo within the environment.