Many sites and textbooks describe the American Revolutionary War as the Americans being the tricky underdogs and the British Empire being the powerful army that seemed invincible. In this project, the thesis and evidence provided showed the opposite; the British Empire stood a small chance against the American colonies. This report highlights research and analysis about the numbers, the economic and military situations, and strategies/motives that the commanders from each side chose to use throughout the war. Some suggestions of what the armies could have done at certain battles are specified. The British were the underdogs and stood a small chance against the Rebels during the American Revolutionary War. 2 Background Information This section …show more content…
It greatly boosted American morale and ended in the capture of Boston from British hands, which was an economically and military importance for both sides. Even though it was such an important battle, there was no military engagement during the battle. The patriots chased the British from the city by bombarding the British with guns captured from a raid on Fort Ticonderoga. The first main military engagement was the Battle of Long Island, also known as the Battle of Brooklyn. The battle resulted in American loss of New York and Brooklyn and the retreat of Patriot General George Washington's Continental Army to Manhattan. The British used New York as their headquarters for operations for most of the rest of the war. The battle was one of the American colonies' worst defeats in the entire war. On the Christmas of 1776, Washington famously crossed the Delaware River to attack a Hessian garrison at the Town of Trenton in New Jersey. Washington's army had been getting battered and had retreated to Pennsylvania. Morale was low, enlistment periods were ending, and winter was coming. To raise morale and gain supplies, Washington attacked the Hessians at Trenton and later the British at Princeton, winning both battles. Like Washington predicted, the wins greatly improved American morale. The wins provoked the British into retreating out of most of New Jersey, backtracking …show more content…
General Burgoyne was taking fort after fort, city after city in a plan to capture the key city of Albany, New York. However, due to unexpected monkey wrenches thrown into the original plans and miscommunications, General Burgoyne was essentially without any sort of support from his fellow Generals by the time he reached Saratoga. The Battles of Saratoga lasted two battles; the first one resulting in a pyrrhic British victory, with the British in control over the field and the Americans retreated into their defenses as it was getting dark. Twenty days later, General Burgoyne launched another attack, even though his army was in need of men and supplies after the first battle. This time, the Americans repelled the attack and launched a counterattack on Burgoyne's retreating army all the way to the town of Saratoga (modern day Schuylerville), about 9.7 miles north of where the second battle took place (Bemis Heights). In Saratoga, local patriot militia overwhelmed the British army, forcing General Burgoyne to surrender his entire army and ended the Saratoga campaign. This was a major turning point in the war, because it finally convinced France to join the American side of the
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Then, George Washington started to move his army south towards Yorktown. The Americans surrounded the British at Yorktown and French naval ships filled the Chesapeake Bay so the British ships could not save the stranded British. The British and Americans fought for weeks.
Against all odds the American colonists won independence, but the journey there was long and hard fought. The book of 1776 by David McCullough, illustrated efforts and battles of the founding fathers and the militia. The events of 1775-1776 described the moment when King George the third declared war on America to the American Victory at Trenton. Laws like the Sugar Act and Stamp Act that levied taxes against the colonists are one of the primary causes that sparked the American Revolution, but the book focuses mainly on battles and the hardship, rather than the political events that spawned the revolution. McCullough’s descriptions of the wins and losses on the battlefield show the development of the revolution, how it shaped the future leaders
Once Trenton was taken, The British planned an immediate counter to the Americans and planned to take Trenton back. Thus the battle for the bridge at Assunpink Creek, also known as the Battle of the Assunpink Creek, started. However, the Americans once again were successful against the British and Hessians. General Washington further marched his army towards Princeton but still wanted to
“The world turned upside down!” (Hamilton) Many felt that they were in another universe, when hearing the news that the Americans miraculously triumphed over the British. On April 19, 1775, the Americans embarked on a journey to gain their independence from the British. Despite their incompetent preparations they were restless for the day they could part with King George and his country.
The battle Saratoga was an important turning point in the American Revolution. After the battle of Princeton on January 3, 1777, the British forces under General Howe and Lord Cornwallis moved all of their troops to New York. Following this, another British general, John Burgoyne, who was positioned in Canada, planned to move South from Quebec, capture Ticonderoga, and then join Howe and another British force led by Lieutenant Colonel Barry St. Leger in Albany. If they were successful in doing this, then the British would have cut of the New England Colonies from the South. Burgoyne’s strategy was initially going to plan.
The battle of Yorktown was the last major battle of the American Revolution and lead to the patriots ' victory of the war because of the battle tactics used. France 's navy blocked the ports in Yorktown. The defeat of Lord Cornwallis was essential to the patriots ' victory of the American Revolution because without it, the Revolution would have dragged out longer or perhaps even ended in a loss for the patriots. The battle of Yorktown, where Lord Cornwallis quickly was forced to surrender around 8,000 redcoats. This was a great victory for the patriots because this was about 1/7 of the British army imprisoned as a result of the surrender.
This battle took place after a demoralizing defeat at Long island. George Washington was forced to retreat all the way across New Jersey back in Pennsylvania. Due to the cold and harsh winter and the defeats in the previous wars, the Continental Army was one the verge of abandoning the rebellion act. Therefore George Washington needed to find something to build up the spirit in his troops. As such he then decides to cross back over the Delaware River and attack the Hessians (German hired troops) at Trenton, New Jersey.
Defining the Subject The Battle of Long Island, fought on August 27, 1776, was the first battle as a unified Continental Army and largest engagement of the Revolutionary war. Also called the Battle of Brooklyn, given its location on Long Island, the battle was the first in the British campaign to capture the key port of New York from the Continental Army. New York was the gateway to the Hudson River, which the British sought to control dividing the colonies in two and cutting supply lines.
On the Christmas night 1776 George Washington was preparing the Colonial Army to cross the Delaware River and retake Trenton which was occupied by over 1500 Hessian troops. Recently, the Colonial Army suffered staggering defeats at Fort Washington and Fort Lee in its fight for independence. The British Army forced the Colonials out of New York and New Jersey and the Washington and his army sought safety just west of the Delaware River in Pennsylvania. During these defeats Washington had many soldiers, arms, and supplies captured by the British in the process. With diminished numbers and supplies, expiring enlistment contracts, and winter setting in, the British and their Hessian allies were convinced that the beaten and battered colonists were near the point of
The Battle of Saratoga was a crucial victory for the Patriots and takes credit for the turning point of the American Revolution. The battle is considered to be the turning point of the war because “… it won for Americans the foreign assistance which was the last element needed for victory.” Even though the two battles took place on two separate occasions, both battles had a similar outcome and both contributed to the ridding of Great Britain. British General John Burgoyne, or “Gentleman Jonny”, was known for his was manners on the battlefield. In June of 1777, he moved south in hopes of taking control of the upper Hudson River valley.
The Battle of Saratoga is well known for being the “turning point” of the Revolutionary War. The Battle of Saratoga actually consisted of two important battles that ultimately led to the American victory would not have been achievable without the excellent leadership of Horatio Gates. This outstanding triumph sent shockwaves across the world. This was the first time that other countries began to believe that the Americans could protect themselves and win the Revolutionary War. The Battle of Saratoga proved several notions to the American public and the Continental Army.
After being defeated in New York city, Washington’s troops retreated to New Jersey. They were attacked by the Hessians and were pushed to cross the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. The Continental Army was vanishing, however they decided to attack Hessians in offensive position at Trenton, New Jersey.
1. Throughout the Revolutionary War, there were mainly four key turning points. To begin with, the first key turning took place at the Battle of Saratoga. Because of America’s victory at this battle, it granted America’s request to seek an alliance with France, dramatically changing the direction of the war entirely. Without the French’s support, the American’s would not have been able to have a successful war against the British.