In the article, “What Makes a Woman?”, American journalist, Elinor Burkett, addresses the topic of transgender females and natural females, along with their contrasting views. The article argues that transgender women can not transition and automatically generalize the entire female population. The purpose is to show that there is more to a woman than just her physical anatomy which is accomplished by Burkett. The rhetorical feature that influences the audience the most is pathos, such as when she talks about the struggles of changing from a young lady into a woman, and how a transgender can never truly understand this transformation. Another rhetorical feature that influences the audience is the use of ambiguity since the words “female” …show more content…
The argument of the essay is trying to persuade the audience to realize how inappropriate it is for a man, transgender or not, to define women. The style of argument is similar to that of a persuasive writing.The author tries to appeal to the more logical side of her audience by stating the facts regarding a woman’s physical anatomy that men will never be able to experience, let alone understand. However, the author relies more on pathos and ethos to persuade her audience rather than with facts. The author’s message primarily regards what women are thought of as being. Since the argument is primarily backed with pathos and ethos, her persuasion does not have a lasting effect on many people who are less easily persuaded simply by addressing their emotions. Thus meaning, her message is not as strong as it could be if she incorporated more logic. Op-Ed is the shortened way to say “opposite the editorial page”. This means that the article written in Op-Ed is not affiliated with the publisher’s editorial board. The significance of Op-Ed is to allow an up-and-coming writer to express their opinions regarding a certain topic. The purpose of an Op-Ed article ultimately is to convince the audience that their(the author’s) opinion is correct, or more just than the opposing side, Burkett’s article does just …show more content…
When describing the difficulties a woman faces, Burkett mentions that women sometimes wake “up after sex terrified they’d forgotten to take their birth control pills the day before”(❡ 10). This is common logic since the risk of a woman getting pregnant is especially higher if the woman forgot to take her birth control pills. Men do not have to fear that risk of getting unexpectedly pregnant because it is impossible for a man to become pregnant. Burkett continued to argue that men, “haven’t had to cope with the onset of their periods in the middle of a crowded subway the humiliation of discovering that their male work partners’ checks were far larger than theirs, or the fear of being too weak to ward off rapists”(❡ 10). This also shows common logic since it is a fact that women have to deal with menstrual cycles monthly, women do not receive equal pay as men, and women are more vulnerable to attacks by rapists than men. She then mentions how transgenders feel excluded due to the use of the words “women” and “vagina”, and how women are standing up for themselves and their body anatomy. She quotes how when actress Martha Plimpton was criticized for defending the word “vagina” Plimpton responded by saying, “given that without a vagina, there is no pregnancy or abortion?”(❡ 21). This is of
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Stewart began with a casual use of irony in the form of sarcasm to mock the perspective of white slave owners who relegate work to their black slaves who “were lazy and idle” even though the lifestyle which their black slaves sustain allows the laziness and idleness of the slave owners themselves. Her use of figurative language, which appealed to pathos, emphasized the long toil for freedom which likens the slaves’ tired spirit to their tired bodies which the white abolitionists have never experienced: “I reply to it, the whites have so long and proudly proclaimed the theme of equal rights and privileges, that our souls have caught the flame also, ragged as we are.” Although the white abolitionists preach equality and privilege for all, the
Serano effectively emphasizes herself being transsexual to make herself appear to have a broader, and unbiased, perspective on the way both men and women are treated, providing credibility to her large use of anecdotal evidence later in her essay. However, some may be unsatisfied in Serano’s omission of the limits of her knowledge, leading her audience to question the authority of her claims when blind spots in her knowledge exits. For example, to explain her ability to analyze the predator/prey mindset Serano explains, “In thinking about these issues, I
This statement makes the reader think about the bigger picture of sexism and gender norms that resides in our society. This statements brings the argument past just say new rules are bad and saying the bigger picture is the about norms in our society and how they are greatly affecting women everywhere. And degrading women simply for having a different hormonal make than what people may consider the norm. “How does telling a woman she can’t play as a woman, but “assuring” her that she might be able to qualify to run in the men’s race, not judging her gender identity or sex?” This statement is what really points out how ridiculous some of the opposition sounds.
But trans people are their gender. I just…want something. Something. Which is different” (Lukoff 173).
Katha Pollitt, in her essay, “Marooned on Gilligan’s Island: Are Women Morally Superior to Men?” addresses the topic of how difference feminists actually weaken women. Difference feminists believe that women are morally superior to men. Pollitt was invited to sign a peace petition, but realized it was actually demeaning to women.
In “The Destructive Male” by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, rhetoric is employed to persuade the reader or listeners to acknowledge and grant women equal rights. Stanton also creates a tone of zealous outrage and accusation with her use of literary devices such as alliteration and personification. Shortly after the United States Civil War, Elizabeth Cady Stanton delivered her speech at the Women’s Suffrage Convention in 1868 (Bjornlund). Stanton had to appeal to the crowd of men and women, conservatives and liberals, and even government officials by showing how women benefit the world and deserve to have the same opportunities as men to make a difference and have the freedom to vote.
With this specific thought in mind, I delved into the writing of Riki Anne Wilchins in an attempt to rummage through her words to find her values, intentions, and modes of persuasion while also looking to see how she chose to effectively project her writing to potential readers. In Riki Anne Wilchins' writing “What Does It Cost to Tell the Truth” Wilchins addresses a multitude of issues caused not only by transgender stereotypes, but all forms of stereotyping. Another example of authority is how she relays to the reader her unfortunate personal experiences with preconceptions society holds. Her examples of credibility included a multitude of experiences when she came face-to-face with ‘social inspection’– the act of society placing meaning on trivial aspects of our lives based off culture.
The Rhetorical Analysis of Eliza Stacey’s 1847 Letter to Edward Stacy Who wouldn’t pity a poor, pregnant mother whose husband has been unfairly arrested for a debt he shouldn’t have to pay? Eliza Stacey is between a rock and a hard place and knows that her only hope is her wealthy father-in-law. In Eliza Stacey's 1847 letter, Stacey employs emotional appeals causing the tone of the letter to be solemn and dire as well as utilizing rhetorical questions to entice her father-in-law (Edward Stacey) that he must, once again, bail her family out of debt. Eliza Stacey sets the tone of her letter by describing the traumatic situation of how George was ripped away from her family: “You can imagine my distress and tears, and poor George was distraught
Work is required to earn the money to provide the necessities of life, but this duty should never be given to children. In her speech, Florence Kelley uses logos, pathos, and a shift to voting rights to build her argument of why child labor laws need to be enforced nationwide. The first way the author builds her argument is through logos, a logical appeal. Kelley utilizes an assailment of facts and statistics to lead her assertion. This is effective because of the shockingly large number of children working absurd and miserable hours.
Recently, in our modernized society, a big topic in many aspects of our political and emotional lives has become sexuality. Sexuality is defined in The social construction of sex, gender, and sexuality article as, “those scripts shared by a group that are supposed to lead to erotic arousal and in turn to produce genital response.” (Reiss, 8) Especially in areas of which feminism studies are predominant, sexuality has become a frequently discussed theme. Feminists are interested in studying sexuality because it becomes a very heavy topic when looking at rights and equalities and how these may differ when regarding someone’s sexuality. It is also a concern to them because of the stereotypes and misjudgments put out on those of different sexualities
Emma Marris uses many types of persuasive elements in her essay “Emma Marris: In Defense of Everglade Pythons”. In her writing she persuades her readers that the pythons should be allowed to be in the everglades since it is not their fault that they are there in the first place. She uses metaphors to relate to the reader and word choice to enhance her writing.
Transgender is the term used to describe an individual whose gender identity does not align with their sex assigned at birth. The documentary, “Growing up Trans”, is a sensitive clip to watch about young youths who attempt to navigate family, friends, gender, and the medical decisions they face at puberty. “Growing up Trans” focuses mainly on transitioned young youths. The transgender youth from the documentary links to many theories from chapter eight. Theories such as socialization, gender, sexuality, homophobia, transphobia, and microaggression are associated with “Growing up Trans”.
Rhetorical strategies are a variety of parts that make up an essay. The strategies include everything from explaining a process, to structure of writing. Whether the author 's purpose is to entertain, inform, or persuade, ultimately these strategies will strengthen not only the author’s purpose, but also the writing itsef. Typically when authors use these strategies, they are very precise to how they use them, and when deeply analysing a piece of writing, this is very clear. In Bell Hooks’ “Understanding Patriarchy”, she used rhetorical strategies to convey her purpose.
The Rhetoric of “We All Should Be Feminists” Novelist, Chimamanda Adichie lectured an audience on why we all should be feminists. Feminists are people who believe in the social, political, and economical equality of the sexes. Adichie describes a couple of times when she was called or implied herself to be a feminist. Adichie’s focus in the lecture was feminists but her main focus was feminists in Nigeria because that is what and where she knows.