Risk Factors Of Teenage Pregnancy

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A study in South Asia by (Acharya et al,2008, p.3), socioeconomic factors, low educational attainment, cultural & family Structures were risk factors for teenage pregnancy.
According to case control retrospective study conducted in India (Kumar et al,2007, p. 41). Reveal that the incidence in recent years is increasing due to early onset of puberty, early sexual activity in girls and relative lack of education on contraceptive methods. India is the most populous country in the world and increasing teenage pregnancy.
According to a case control study in Turkey by (Gokce et al,2006, p. 394), adolescent pregnancy was associated with low socioeconomic factors, exposure to violence within the family prior to marriage, families partially opposed
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These factors include: lack of knowledge about sex and how to use contraceptives; barriers to access contraceptives including negative attitudes of health staff; peer pressure; sexual coercion; low self-esteem; low educational expectations; poverty; family breakdown; and heightened sex-based messages in the media (Mothiba,T.M. & Maputle,M.S., 2012, p. 4).
A review literature study posited that the data from developed countries indicate that an optimal prenatal program eliminates obstetrical risks among adolescent mothers and adverse pregnancy outcome is mainly due to socioeconomic cofactors. Most teenage pregnancies are unplanned and result often in a social disaster. Author also concluded that teenage mothers are more likely to drop out of school and have a low educational level. They are faced with unemployment and poverty. Consequently nearly all developed countries try to reduce teenage pregnancies and teenage motherhood effectively (Kirchengast,
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However, attitudes, beliefs, and social norms that encourage large family size may be more important for the high teenage childbearing than low prevalence of contraceptive use. Existing norms and values seem to inhibit conversations about reproductive health issues within relationships and with friends. For example, open discussions with partners, parents, or friends about the subject of teenage pregnancy and how to protect or avoid problems like unwanted or unplanned pregnancy are not common in Eritrea. Old customs that encourage forced marriage and early child bearing still exist, although being weakened in recent years. Parents still require their daughters to marry and have children very early (Woldemichael, 2003).
A study on teenage childbearing and its health consequences on the mother and child in Eritreao was done by analysis of Eritrea Demographic and Health Surveys (EDHS) data from the 2002 and in the trend analysis, data from the 1995 EDHS survey were used for comparative purposes was showed that teenagers were less likely to seek prenatal medical care during pregnancy, compared with mothers aged 20 years or above, but the difference was not statistically significant (Woldemichael,
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