The most common organs involved are the uterus (uterine prolapse), the bladder (cystocele), anterior rectal wall (rectocele), and small bowel (enterocele). These organs prolapse out of their normal position and shift into or expel out of the vaginal canal. A prolapse can occur if an individual 's lower pelvic floor muscles are weakened and damaged from excessive pressure and stretching, which can be caused by prolonged and vaginal childbirth, surgery, advancing age, chronic constipation, cancer, and even obesity. Additionally, postmenopausal women have an increased risk of pelvic organ prolapse due to the decreased production of estrogen, which is an essential component in manufacturing collagen. Therefore, a decrease in estrogen is associated with a decrease in collagen, which normally enables the supporting tissues and ligaments in the pelvic cavity to stretch and return to their normal size and position.
Postpartum depression has many causes; these are resultant from physical, emotional or both changes. After childbirth, the body changes very quickly. The hormonal levels go down; the milk rises, and the breasts may become swollen, making you feel exhausted. These physical realities can trigger feelings of discouragement and melancholy. Emotionally, you may feel nervous or anxious about the baby's well-being and the transition to motherhood, or it may be hard to adjust to the new routine.
This would be based on your medical history and ultrasound, and in some cases laboratory results. Bleeding from an ectopic pregnancy is the most dangerous cause of first trimester bleeding. An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, most often in the Fallopian tube. As the fertilized egg grows, it can rupture the Fallopian tube and cause life-threatening bleeding. Symptoms are often variable and may include pain, bleeding, or lightheadedness.
The study involved 30 young married women between 20-30-year-old undergoing Transvaginal ultrasound examination for the first time. It utilized survey, which was randomly distributed to them, anonymously, used open and close ended questions to collect and gain meaningful data about fears, concerns and perceptions of women undergoing TVUS examinations first-time. The survey had three parts included demographic part, general health and fertility part, and Transvaginal ultrasound part which had three sections of pre-procedure, during the procedure, and post-procedure questions. The data collected and analyzed by using Google drive application. This project is proposed to last for 2 months and will be distributed in the Ultrasound
Month after month she would suffer abdominal pains that were so severe, at times she would have to leave her college classes and go home. Tia suffered with symptoms for many years before she consulted a physician who diagnosed her with something called endometriosis. This was heart wrenching to her as she was told it could affect her ability to have children. She then underwent two laparoscopic surgeries to help manage her condition. After this she decided to take a more wholistic approach and try and modify her diet.
Most women were diagnosed with postpartum depression. Postpartum depression occurs after birth when the hormones of women are changing which causes many symptoms such as irritability, hot flashes, and sadness. In the short story, “The Yellow Wallpaper” the narrator suffers from postpartum depression and is put into a mental hospital by her husband only to find out in the end he was not who she thought he was and the place she was living was not what she had
Certain people and groups are vastly more susceptible to caffeine than others as well (Persad, Leeana Aarthi Bagwath). One of these more susceptible groups is pregnant women. According Sarah Russell, a postgraduate student at Vanderbilt University, in her paper on the effects of caffeine on pregnant women, “Recent studies have shown that consuming more than 300 milligrams of caffeine a day will increase one’s chances of a miscarriage, and… high levels of caffeine may also cause birth defects, preterm delivery, reduced fertility and low birth weight.” The paper goes on to state that a fetus takes almost ten times as long to break down caffeine as the adult body does (Russell, Sarah). To explain this further, so as to make it easier to understand, pregnant women can only consume 75% of the amount of caffeine the average person can without risking major problems for the
In many cases, infertility is caused by the mucus becoming too thick and impenetrable, or rather it becoming too acidic to be hospitable to sperm. Both are caused by an increase in progesterone, produced by the corpus luteum after ovulation, and can also be caused by an intake of fertility drugs. This is because progesterone prepares the uterus for the accommodation of a embryo, and thus must stop all spermatozoa from penetrating the cervix, which is done by increasing mucus acidity and thickness. Hence, an increase in such a hormone prevents any sperm from entering the uterus and thereby causes
PRE-ECLAMPSIA Description Preeclampsia is a condition that occurs only during pregnancy. Some symptoms of preeclampsia may include high blood pressure and protein in the urine, occurring after week 20 of pregnancy. Preeclampsia is often precluded by gestational hypertension. While high blood pressure during pregnancy does not necessarily indicate preeclampsia, it may be a sign of another problem. Pre-eclampsia is one of the most common cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality.
Nearly 5% to 10% of females are affected with PCOS. Are you wondering what PCOS is? PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndromes) also known as hyperandrogenic anovulation is a problem in which womens hormones are out of balance. It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. There are many signs to look for when you think you may be affected by PCOS.