While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
The fight seems never ending and it appears that there may never be an end to it. All Reagan really did was close a chapter in the book of the cold war but there are still many unread stories and chapters. The collapse certainly did not mean the end of the cold war although many American history books will have you believe this. The Soviets could not keep up with their countries and states so they decided to secede and collapse the union which left Gorbachev to resign and watch the Union go. They were constantly criticized by the US for their flawed system and called it an “evil empire”.
As apparent in Document C, in which the quintessential “nuclear family” sits in a bunker, concerns about nuclear war stood at the front of the American ethos. This fear of nuclear war was also reflected in Document E, in which the question is posed of whether or not the “U.S. [should] take the first blow?” This question of “whether a policy of accepting the first blow may be the best one” became intertwined within the minds of the America people, heightening American fears. President Eisenhower, while addressing the issue of the Soviet Union and its subsequent tensions through nearly doubling “defense spending…of government spending” (Document H). However, the Eisenhower administration failed to successfully mollify these fears, apparent in the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy, who pledged not to “dare to tempt [challenging nations] with weakness” (Document I).
The President Reagan 's primary focus was to remove communist from Nigeria included financing the freedom fighters, CIA role in the arms sales for funding the anti-Communist rebels who are fighting the Soviets in Nigeria, and the Iran-Contra affair. Instantly after Ronald Reagan took office in 1981 (p6-7) many of the influential policy makers suspended and then canceled the
Reagan foreign policies moved away from Détente to bargain from a position of power, this led to the buildup of the military and the technological advances in weaponry. Programs like Strategic Defense Initiative rendered the use of IBCM ineffective (in theory), the advances in battlefield weaponry, M1 Abrahams, and Tomahawk cruise missiles, evened the odds against the larger Soviets forces and in some cases gave the United States the advantage. Many people give Reagan credit for bringing about the collapse of the Iron Curtain, however the Soviet Union’s economic policies restricted growth and led to a huge amount of discord among the population. The advantage that Reagan had was the Soviets were struggling in Afghanistan and in 1986 the Chernobyl incident which spread radioactive particles over the Western portions of Russia and Eastern Europe. The estimated cost of Chernobyl is 18 Billion rubles (1986) over 200 million in today’s dollars, and led to the evacuation of over 300,000 people in what history will determine the worst nonmilitary nuclear event to date.
And lastly, implosion of the Soviet Union. It involved two powerful men with opposing political beliefs, two leaders struggling to protect their countries. Weapons of mass destruction causing a nuclear standoff all resulting in the end of the Cold War. The leadership of Mikel Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan and their willingness to cooperate through reforms, negotiations, and policies, propels the Soviet Union and the United States forward into a mutual agreement to end the Cold War and to bring peace among their nations, but there would be many adversity’s and competitive obstructions in the way before a compromise would come to pass; from the “Space Race” to nuclear weapons such as the ballistic missiles. “The policy of mutually assured destruction (MAD), [was] where a nuclear first strike by one side would be met by massive retaliation.” Reagan, however, did not take favor the idea of mutually assured
We were supporting South Vietnam, a country that was in a war against North Vietnam. North Vietnam was being supported by the USSR to become communist. After WWII, Vietnam was split up into North and South. The North was ruled by a communist leader, Ho Chi Minh, while the South was ruled by Ngo Dinh Diem, who was somewhat supported by the U.S. He had a bit of a corrupt government, giving power to his family and arresting anyone that was communist.
The Cold War lasted forty plus years and these conflicting ideologies threatened peace throughout the world, consequently the battle verses communism and democracy was at the root of the Cold War conflict. Social, political, and economic conditions of the world were influenced by the ongoing threats of the Cold War. In the Soviet Union, communist rulers firmly controlled all aspects of Soviet life and they dominated Eastern Europe through imperialism. The Soviet government held a tight grip on its citizens and used fear to control them, hence western influences were forbidden because the government thought it would poison and threaten their beliefs. The government and economy was often unstable and was frequently on the verge of collapse,
History is all about inspiring speeches, gruesome wars, and unexpected events that decide the course of the future. The Cold War is not an example of a war, but a highly important event, considering there was no actual fighting. The Cold War started because the Soviet 's wanted to spread communism, but America was getting in their way to stop it. Three major factors also contributed to the conflict of war, the most obvious one being the U.S. wanted to stop communism, another being both the Soviet Union and the United States were afraid of each other, and finally competition, because everyone needs some good competition. These factors are both reasons why the war started, and "weapons" that were used.
The Cold War did occur after WWII between the United States and The Soviet Union at the time of President Ronald Reagan administration. The Soviet union and its government had the ideology of spreading communism around the world. The United States was against communism and this why the country went to war with Vietnam. "Containment" was the ultimate goal by the U.S. to preventing communism from happen worldwide. My perception of the Cold War and the War on Terror is due to the lack of the United States government to understanding other countries language, culture and way of life.