The decline and fall of the Roman Empire in the West between A.D. 197 and A.D. 476 There have been many theories as to what caused the decline and eventual fall of the great Roman Empire in the West between A.D. 197 and A.D. 476. Political, military and economic issues were mainly responsible for the fall of Rome in the West. There is strong proof that these were the three main causes. To expand on political problems, things such as corruption were an enormous contributing factor as well as lack of strong leadership. Military issues were those of the problematic situation of expanding borders, barbarian knowledge of military tactics, and the resulting end in loss of control over the Empire.
Around the time of three-hundred CE, the amount of power started to decrease for Rome, Italy. Lots of the Roman emperors and people were killed at this dreadful time. But what really caused this sudden downfall? Will we ever really know? I think the three main reasons are: Natural disasters, foreign invasions, and the city’s military problems.
Therefore, due to a lack of security, the king gave away large tracts of land to other aristocrats (maior domus) if they would pledge their loyalty to the king. This agreement between the king and the maior domus created a semi-democratic arrangement between them. The agreement was to secure the king’s legacy and the kingdom’s borders. Unfortunately, the loyalty of these lords was not steadfast and the result was many smaller territories with the maior domus becoming its leader. Mayhew 2 Throughout this period of change for the diminished empire, the Roman Catholic Church (RCC) was changing too.
Rome collapsed due to various reasons such as its sheer size that lead to various problems within the Empire, the rise of Christianity that caused disputes within the people of the Empire and also external invasion that was caused due to the weakening of the Empire. Rome’s gigantic size was too difficult to be governed which was one of the root causes that led to the collapse of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire was too extensive for Rome to reign over, it kept on expanding and the Empire continued to conquer various places. Due to the expansion, it was hard for the rulers and government officials to communicate and protect the Empire. Therefore Romans ruled over more land than they could manage.
By 1824 King Louis XVIII was succeeded by his Brother Charles X whom also assumed absolute power and created new laws restricting the rights of the citizens. He attempted to overthrow the parliament when elections didn 't end in his favor, rid the citizens of the right to vote and rejected Frances constitution. It was these actions that caused Frances initial revolution in 1830, the people demanded more rights and made it so that Charles X would be the last Monarch with absolute power. However, 18 years later many of Frances citizens were still terribly unhappy with their government King Louis Philippe was extremely corrupt, many people were still unable to vote, a major recession made it so that many citizens were barely able to eat. Despite all of this, the revolution of 1848 in France didn 't gain much traction until King Louis Philippe refused to expand the industrial and baking franchises.
A People’s History of Ancient Rome and political scientist, Michael Parenti, stated that Caesar’s assassination “marked a turning point in the history of Rome. It set in motion a civil war and put an end to whatever democracy there had been” (Parenti 2). Caesar’s assassination harmed Rome and did not help their political situation at all. It confused and infuriated the working class because they had lost their beloved king to greedy senators without a real explanation. In Meller and McGee’s book they state that instead of supporting the conspiracy, the “assassination did help Caesar’s reputation” (Meller and McGee 78).
Machiavelli’s brutish method to win wars leads to the downfall of his own population which More evades. The population fluctuations create instability for the economy due to the inconsistency of citizens going to war. Moreover, the prince rules an empire which means that those who under in the prince’s rule must obey the fact that he wants to obtain more land: “destructor Cuello imperio . . .
The Huns forced barbarian tribes to move east, and many settled in Rome. They created chaos in Rome, and forced many Romans to leave their homes. Romulus Augustulus, who many historians consider to be the last Roman Emperor, was deposed in 476 AD. Many historians believe that there were multiple events that led to the fall of Rome, and the deposition of Romulus Augustus is considered one of the key events that contributed
There are both similarities and differences. One of the similarities is the fact that after their reign, Greece and Rome crashed. When Lucullus was in the reign, Rome was in destempered state, so that civil wars were on their way. That mainly caused constitutional change after Lucullus died. Cimon, on the other hand, had more power in his hands when he was leading the country.
The national assembly tackled the unfair tax system which taxed peasants more than those who were wealthy noblemen. This was a big step forward to fixing the rigid social structure of France and opposing the monarchy’s oppression of peasants. Additionally, Louis was convicted of crimes such as conspiring against liberty. He was later executed on January 21, 1793. (Scandiffio) This shows that the monarchy was seen as very detrimental to the ideal of liberty, the conviction and execution of the king marked the end of the monarchy which was formerly a vital feature of the Old Regime.
The Sui and Tang dynasties took over as some of the most glorious periods in Chinese history. Rome was supplementary more disruptive than the collapse of Hna China. Due to Rome being incredibly drastic, the civilization left only the memory of the greatest in Western tradition. Another difference arises from the base of the civilizations collapsing. Rome was “human symptom” based; on the tombstones of Roman citizens were phrases suggesting the spread of downfall and defeat that provided a despondency of the afterlife (contributing to the decay of religion mentioned in the previous paragraph).
The rivalries between these competing politicians often lead to the formation of partisan groups in support of their respective politician. Civil disorder came of these political rivalries and violence was often a result of the formation of the supporting partisan groups. The divided loyalties caused by the corrupt politicians greatly influenced the fall of the Roman Republic. “So, as the Roman elite did, what it was bred to do, as they competed ruthlessly with one another for the highest positions and honours, they unwittingly tore apart the very structure they were sworn to protect” (The Late Republic). This quote refers to how the politicians of Rome “tore apart” the Republic that they were elected to protect through their own personal greed and corruption.
He collected taxes without the consent of the estates general in order establish many things, fund a series of wars, build a bigger and stronger military and to build his palace, the Palace of Versailles, when it was built he insisted that the nobles spend more time there (Doc 2). This eventually led the nobles into debt because they spent most of their time and money at the Palace of Versailles. The nobles being in debt meant that they lost status and power, which ultimately fed the basis for the French Revolution. Document 3 states; “The aftermath of the revocation was disastrous for France. Many of those who abjured [gave up] their Protestant religion repented of their weakness.”(Doc 3) This demonstrates that the removal of the Edict of Nantes drove people insane because it granted the people France substantial rights, however when the rights were removed by Louis XIV people became infuriated, which is another reason to why the French Revolution occurred.
They both fell from similar reasons although there was some differences. One similarity in Han China and Rome was that they were invaded constantly. The Han were invaded by the Xiongnu, the Kazakhs, and Mongols. Emperors in Han china offered the Xiongnu many items in return for peace but they didn 't have enough to pay everyone!Eventually the Han ended the Xiongnu but it came at a price. They had little money left over which put the government into turmoil.