In 27 BCE (Before Common Era) the Roman Empire was entering its golden age, “The Pax Romana.” During the Pax Romana, the citizens of all Roman cities enjoyed free food and entertainment along with access to all of the Roman amenities such as bathhouses, roads, and mail service. However in 180 CE (Common Era) the Roman empire took a turn for the worse and eventually the last empire fell in 476 CE. The once powerful Roman Empire was in shambles. So what happened to the empire? The two most important factors that led to the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 CE were poor leadership and Military problems.
This affected the country very much because they quickly began to be surrounded by people they didn’t know, and were unsure if they were trusted. This included mostly attackers of immigrants. They affected the downfall by spreading diseases, overpopulation, and attacks on some of the Romans. (Doc D and E). In the year three-hundred-eighty CE, the Ostrogoths, Visigoths, and the Vandals started to invade Rome. (Doc C). The people were often contiguous with deadly diseases. One of the most common were the measles. (Doc F). Some of the “immigrants” could have been spies, or even attackers working for other countries/cities. Other invaders killed the Roman emperors and most likely then fled the country. This was because at the time, Rome was far ahead of the other countries. It owned most of them, and was very powerful. This was bad for the city because new people were hurting the Romans, or even killing
Some examples that led to the collapse of the empires include, the Roman and Chinese borders were overrun by incursions time and time again thanks to the weak frontier defense system. As a result of the defense systems being problematic, the empires were forced to build walls to protect the people within the empire. The cost of the defense system soon skyrocketed, and as a result economic prosperity within the society began to erode. The Han and Roman Empire had problems protecting themselves and tried to prevent invasions with the implementation of borders, however the empires ultimately collapsed.
The fall of Rome was mainly because of plagues wiping out most of the population. The fall of the Han dynasty began from decentralized rule. However, outside invasions had an effect on the fall of both classical civilizations.
Including most of the Mediterranean world, Rome, a city that was growing big enough to become one of the world’s largest empire’s would soon slowly fall apart because of their problems. In 27 BC, Rome’s first emperor, Augustus Caesar, took complete power. During his time, he ruled with Pax Romana, a time of Roman peace which lasted for almost 200 years. After his death, the Roman Empire begun to break apart. The primary reasons for the fall of Rome was it being geographically too big; the population was decreasing due to plagues which led to the Roman army becoming weak, social and military issues and laziness of the military would guide the army down which led to cities being lost, and their government and leadership issues of the weak or selfish power leaders would all conduct to the breaking up of Rome.
The 1st and 2nd centuries B.C.E. were an influential tipping point in history. Obviously there lies a reason why this is the time in history where we move into the common era. A growing dissatisfaction around the world on how empires ruled led to some large, influential administrations falling. Some groups that entered the power vacuum include the Han Dynasty in China and the emergence of an imperial Rome. The imperial administrations of Han China (206 B.C.E.- 220 C.E.) and imperial Rome (31 B.C.E.-476 C.E.) had similar set-up bureaucracies and saw their downfall through their alike policies, however their method to define society differed.
In Document 1 it states that people gave up on the Roman Empire and didn’t believe it was worth saving. Citizens weren’t allowed to take part in politics and were excluded from their own army. The government slowly lost support which increased the level of government fraud. Also, population decline was a big factor to the fall of Rome; it had decreased from 1,000,000 people to 250,000. The cause of the decrease was the lack of reproduction, plagues, warfare and lead poising, this made it difficult to recruit troops and economic life got worse.
Some historians claim that there are as many as a hundred political and non-political interweaving reasons that led to the collapse of Roman Empire. One of the important political causes is the division of the Empire into two empires, the west (Latin) and the eastern (Greek, later known as the Byzantine empire) in 284 A.D. by Diocletian. This division was adopted to protect the over-expanding empire and to defend its borders against the Barbarian attacks. This was achieved initially as the two empires synchronized responsibilities and strengthened each. However, over successive years, there were religious and linguistic barriers that prevented further cooperation and inhibited any trials for re-union. Furthermore, the eastern province became more powerful and fortified its boundaries and this diverted the barbarian attacks towards the western empire.
The Roman Empire fell in 476 C.E ,no one knows the exact reason why rome fell but there are some ideas. There are many reasons why Rome fell, here are 3 things that contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire fell because of disasters and diseases, military weaknesses, and weak leadership.
The great Empire of Rome, the greatest power to have ruled the Mediterranean. The Roman empire thrived in the time of Julius Caesar around 47 BC. Caesar had made Rome into an empire, but after he died, Rome started its downfall. It was unthinkable. The great Roman empire’s reign was over. There was no one single cause; it was many things happening at once, which caused the fall of Rome. The downfall happened with the army weakening, natural disasters and plagues rising, and leaders becoming corrupted all contributed to their fall.
One of the main reasons for the fall of the Western Roman Empire was the many political problems. The main issue that led to the demise of the Western Roman Empire were the line of unfit rulers. These leaders would lie, cheat, and steal to get the most power they could. Though the leaders of Rome were not all bad, it was very regular to have an incompetent, greedy leader. Another major political issue was the emperor's bodyguards who were not to be trusted and were sometimes paid to assassinate the leader themselves. These were some of the first major problems that started the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
Rome was the center of one of the world's greatest empires. It began as an unremarkable settlement. Rome had become powerful by conquering territory. But Rome soon discovered that size has its problems. Controlling an expanded empire, meant a need for more food, clothing, weapons and supplies. This was the starting point of the fall of Rome.
People all over Europe feared the Roman Legion. But as time went on the mighty Roman Legion began to lose its name. Many things caused this, but the main one was Christianity. This made Romans non-violent and they didn 't want to join the military. So Rome had 2 options, either have a small military or an army full of mercenaries. A mercenary is a paid soldier. So Rome paid thousands of German soldiers to fight for them. Obviously this made Rome 's military weak because they would easily run from battle or betray Rome because they had nothing to protect in Rome. Another reason the Roman empire fell to shambles was because the Roman military stopped going on military conquests. When they did this the Roman economy collapsed because the economy relied on the constant income of plundered trophies from captured civilizations. So because of the Roman soldier being replaced by German mercenaries and the stoppage of expansion the Roman military lost its power. When the invasions of the western tribes came and destroyed Rome, there was nothing they could
Their reliance on Germanic people to fight in the army when people didn’t want to fight in the Roman army anymore. The Antonine Plague, and The Plague of Cyprian also took many of Rome troop one in three die with none Roman people fighting they had no loyalty and were able to infiltrate Roman society.
In conclusion, The three Major causes of the the Fall of Rome were Economic Problems, Socico-Politcal problems, and external invasions The Roman Empire finally fell in 476 AD. The results of the Roman Empires Fall were that the Empire was completely destroyed and many new Empires were born. The Franks conquered most of the western empire after the fall of Rome. All Empires come to an end the Roman Empire was a stepping stone for many Empires that