For centuries, Imperialism has affected many societies around the world. In the sixteenth century, the British Empire colonized places such as Burma, India. In George Orwell’s essay, “Shooting an Elephant”, he gives a first person account of imperialism. His retrospective story entails a moral dilemma he faced as a British police officer in Burma. Orwell uses the themes of imperial representation resentment to demonstrate the true nature of imperial colonialism and its effects on both the victims and prosecutors.
Imperialism is the extending of a country’s power and influence through diplomacy and military force. George Orwell saw that they had Imperialism by the military force that they had stationed in Burma. In the story Shooting an Elephant George Orwell states, “All this was perplexing and upsetting. For at that time I had already made up my mind that imperialism was an evil thing and the sooner I chucked up my job and got out of it the better. George Orwell stated this in his essay Shooting an Elephant because he want people to know
Rudyard Kipling’s “The Man Who Would Be King” is a story involving imperialism. Kipling tells of the adventures of two men who go from British India to Kafiristan with the goal of becoming Kings of the area. Throughout the story, Kipling shows his feelings for the British Empire. Besides the positive benefits the Empire can bring to the opposing country, Kipling is unsatisfied with the British Empire in its entirety. To get his message across Kipling uses figurative language Kipling’s entire story is made up of figurative language.
Britain 's endeavor in mass territorial expansion throughout India began in the early eighteenth century, and continued throughout the nineteenth century as well. Though this movement is known for being successful in settling foreign colonies, many people of the time were divided in their views regarding imperialistic efforts. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 caused this divergence. In fact, the rebellion uncovered weakness in British control, and introduced feelings of ambiguity within the society as many people became concerned with their nation’s capabilities to protect against external invasions. This was the societal background for which Arthur Conan Doyle publicated his mystery novel, The Sign of Four.
Rudyard Kipling’s The Man Who Would Be King was written in 1888 and is an allegory of the British Imperialism in India during the 1800’s. Kipling lived during this time and there are parallels between his story and elements British imperialism in India such as conquering with advanced technology, making alliances with previous rulers, and exploiting the land for resources. Granted that the British didn’t leave India until the 1950’s, Kipling didn’t see the movement end, yet he had an opinion that he expressed in his work. Kipling’s opinion of British imperialism, that is inefficient and immoral, is seen in his novella through satire; for example, he portrays the British as two foolish men who face misfortune after they form their kingdom, which they are only able to rule after the people see them as gods. Compared to other allegorical satires, this is an extremity that wouldn’t be present unless the author had a strong criticism against it.
1984 is a novel that shows the severity of totalitarian and communist rule by showing what London would be like in the future if it were under totalitarian rule. The novel shows the life of a low ranking member of the society, Winston Smith. Everywhere that Winston goes, he is watched by the government and forced to look at propaganda showing the government is watching him. The government, Big Brother, even watches Winston and others in their own homes. At the start of the novel, Winston feels frustrated by the oppressive rule of Big Brother which even prohibits free thought and expression of individuality.
Machiavelli wrote about a fictitious prince, describing how he is a terrible being who has no respect for people who have a lower status than him. He is described as being selfish and untrustworthy. His writing about this prince was supposed to replicate princes and kings that were ruling and open he reader’s eyes to real issues occuring. In Document 1 there is an excerpt from The Prince, written by Machiavelli, telling about how terrible the Prince of England. Document 1 states, “For all men in general this observation may be made: they are ungrateful, fickle, and deceitful, eager to avoid dangers, and avid for gain, and while you are useful to them they are all with you, but when it [danger] approaches they turn on you”.
Through Bounderby, Dickens thoughts on the attitudes of Victorian industrialism is made clear through the characters within the novel. A key character of the novel who represents this is Bounderby. His name is significant in that is plays on the pejorative Victorian word for an ill-bred man. Dickens portrays Bounderby, the “banker, merchant, manufacturer” to be entirely immoral and shows the reader how he is concerned with nothing but his own material success. Bounderby’s repetitive false claims to be a self-made man are exposed to the reader with the appearance of his mother.
The British first came to India not only because of the abundance of raw materials, but also the mass potential they seen. The British East India Company, took advantage of the collapsing Mughal Empire, and broke away from their control to flourished their company. In 1857 the Sepoy army rebelled and that caused the British to come in guns blazing and take over the country. The British rule demolished India through, taxation on anything made in India, and the exportation of raw materials, which caused a plentiful amount of famine,and throughout all of this, the British kept most on India uneducated, and those they did educate, most were forced to become interpreters for the benefits it would make in taking over India and keeping the British in control. Political Paragraph British imperialism had a negative effect on the politics of India because of the corrupt justice system, and the utter lack of respect that killed masses of innocent people.
Throughout history, many nations have implemented imperialism to enforce their will over others for money, protection, and civilization. In many cases, England was the imperial, or mother country. In the 1700’s the British Empire invaded India and took control of the country. Although India was accustomed to invaders by the time the British arrived, British effectively did the most damage by arriving at a fragile time for the Indians. The Indians were suffering from the fall of the Mogul Empire, which had controlled most of India from 1526 until the death of Aurangzeb in 1707.