In the early 19th century, the overall atmosphere of the nation was charged with overwhelming positivity. The end of the War of 1812 left American feeling as if they won. It filled the citizens with a sense of optimism and inspiring nationalism. The market revolution, which lasted from around the time of the War til the 1860s, brought about many changes. It brought about changes in American business interaction, social changes like establishment of the cult of domesticity, and westward expansion of territory. All these events caused the American focus to deviate from religion. Approximately 50 years after the First Great awakening in the middle of the 18th century, religion once again began to be emphasized in America. Thus, this noteworthy …show more content…
This feature was reflected in movements like abolition, prison reform, and the women’s rights movement. In 1829, David Walker, a free black man, wrote to all other freed black men that they needed to help their brothers who were enslaved. He wrote this to persuade them to do everything in their power to help them gain the freedom that they experience. He even goes as far as to mention the wretchedness of white christians thus suggesting a more radical approach to abolitionism. (Document 3). Walker’s urgent calling to immediately end slavery, no matter the means, suggest that he understands the value of each individual, even slaves. As previously noted, this valuing of every individual is a clear-cut result of the Second Great Awakening. Dorothea Dix was another individual who greatly stressed the value of the individual. She was an active reformist for prisons and especially for the mentally ill. She lead the movement to remove the negative connotation associated with mental illness and she advocated for better conditions for the mentally ill. By the Civil War, there were a number of public hospitals and facilities for the mentally ill. Document 6, however, represents her vocal campaigning for the refining of the prison system. She claimed the need for prisoners to be taught good and bad. Specifically, the officers she be the first example of good
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Americans took advantage of the new changes in communication, transportation, manufacturing, and technology. They used the advances to produce profitable manufacture goods that could be sold which boosted the economy. The new development of the Market Revolution changed the lives of Americans. Watson states that the Market Revolution “intensify the impact of capitalism on the lives n ordinary Americans” (28). The effects of the Market Revolution led to economic inequalities and a threat to America liberty.
This is a sermon written by British Colonial Christian Theological Jonathan Edwards, preached to his own congregation in Massachusetts. This was a all fire and brimstone sermon, July 5, 1741 in Enfield, Connecticut. This sermon combines vivid imagery of hell with observations of the world and citations of the scripture. It is Edwards most famous written work, is a fitting, representation of his preaching style, and is widely studied by Christians and historians, proving a glimpse into the theology of the Great Awakening of v. 1730-1755. This sermon of The Great Awakening, emphasizing the belief that hell is a real place.
The nineteenth century brought enormous growth in the American economy. Technology and industrialization fueled the growth. The growth was in agriculture, banking finance and military. These transformations were after the Civil War. The Republicans believed manufacturing products and marketing them overseas could create jobs and prosperity in the United States.
The market revolution had a tremendous impact on many regions in the U.S., most notably the South and Northeast. The market revolution is a term used by historians to describe the expansion of the marketplace that occurred between 1815 and 1830, prompted mainly by major transportation improvements and various unique inventions to connect distant communities together for the first time. The South developed and thrived mainly from the cotton gin and the expansion of slavery. The Northeast flourished and bloomed from the factory system, interchangeable parts, transportation improvements, and women in the work force. The market revolution impact on the South and Northeast brought about widespread economic growth yet affected the regions differently, the South shifted from subsistence farming to commercial farming and the Northeast grew in mechanization and industrialization.
The Great Awakening was a series of religious upheavals in America that reversed a long decline into religious indifference (pg. 115). Religion would once again become a key factor in the lives of the general public. The Great Awakening swept like a wave over America and affected its regions in different ways. There was a crisis going on in Boston regarding paper money and the land banks (pg. 117). The wealthy elite of Boston believed that the Awakening would cause the general public to look away from their earthly troubles and focus on their religious revivals.
The Market Revolution generated a drastic change in the United States economy and altered gender barriers while at the same time accomplishing this in a provocative manner. This economic boom occurred around the first half of the 19th Century. The economic boom was achieved by inventions such as a transcontinental railroad system which resulted in a better transportation system which improved trade and the cotton gin which sped up the rate of removing seeds from cotton fiber. However like what the great Hugo said, “The brutalities of progress are called revolutions. When they are over we realize this: that the human race has been roughly handled, but that it has advanced”.
The market revolution, which started in 1815, transformed worker lives, and improved the nation vastly; although it also dropped the economy as well. The traditional market, which was based upon power generated by animals and water, was slow in activities such as transportation. The growing nation underwent peace, which then catalyzed the reform of the organization of the economy. As such, transportation was heavily improved upon, along with manufacturing, banking, and commercial law. However, there were also two panics during the time that occurred that led to many Americans who were anxious and uncertain about working in the country.
The same American System that promoted high tariffs on foreign goods, oversaw internal improvements, and created a national bank, also birthed the Market Revolution. The Market Revolution revolutionized how farmers produced goods in America and the redirection of their purchasing habits which transformed the mindset of how farmers viewed their role in the American economy; thus, making them more compliant to commercial and capitalist ideals. Overall, the Market Revolution in America provoked significant changes in America socially, economically, and politically. There were many social changes associated with the Market Revolution.
Women began to speak about problems they felt needed to be addressed, and began to reform for more equality. A popular example would be Dorothea Dix and reforming the treatment of mentally ill patients. Prior to her reforms, many mentally ill patients lived in with prisoners, in very unsanitary and inhumane conditions. To fix this, Dix spoke out against this problem, and tried to convince federal government to provide these patients with a proper place to live and possibly recover. “It was morally impossible to do justice to the sane and insane in such improper vicinity to each other.
After the War of 1812, the United States underwent periods of cultural, governmental and social reform instigated by the population’s push for increased democracy, freedom, and rights. This time, The Second Great Awakening, changed citizens’ views on religion, morals, rights and life values up to and past the death of Zachary Taylor in 1850. Reform movements commenced by the populous focused on women’s rights, slavery, suffrage or improvement of government facilities. The restructuring of prisons yielded the most success by the reform movements, and the reformation of religion was the largest change on a social
“Independence, free will, and personal effort are considered primary virtues that contribute not only to personal achievement but also to the success and well-being of the nation.” This quote, stated by Charles Finney, means that people must be able to choose for themselves and make their own decisions in order for the country to become better than it is. The Second Great Awakening began for several different reasons, consisted of many different church revivals and leaders, and ultimately had a lasting impact for several more years after the end of the Second Great Awakening. There were several different factors that led up to the Second Great Awakening. Some such factors are listed by Richard Kaplan in his article titled, The Second Great
During the 19th century, the American people were experiencing a revolution concerning both the economy and religion, in what is recognized today as the Market Revolution and the Second Great Awakening. A rapid increase in the population within the countryside, and the development of new technology outburst a change in the economy from one of local exchanges to one governed by capital and capitalists. Family owned businesses began to expand and sold their items not only among a small community, but now products were being shipped to different ports along the colonies. The industrialization movement was rapidly approaching that “Indian removal was necessary for the opening of the vast American lands to agriculture, to commerce, to markets, to
The market revolution was an economic transformation and dramatic expansion of the marketplace in the United States. This roughly occurred in the early nineteenth century between 1815 and 1840. Through the construction of thousands of miles of roads and canals funded by state governments and private developers it enabled the people such as the farmers, manufacturers, and craftsmen to affordably transfer goods to distant, and more lucrative markets. In 1815, 8.4 million citizens inhabited North America; this was a fifty-eight percent increase from 1800.
Abolitionism challenged barriers to racial equality and free speech. Blacks played a key role during this time in society. Over half of the Liberator's readers were blacks that were attracted to Garrison's stance against colonization and the demand for equal rights. Many of the American Anti-Slavery Society leaders were black. A fugitive slave by the name Frederick Douglass became a well known, major organizer and speaker of this society.
Religion is the foundation of our country and teachers cannot instruct their students on American history without describing the religious influence. First, religion is the reason the colonists fled to the New World to begin with. “Many of the people who settled in the New World came to escape religious persecution” (“Colonial America”). Second, America is the nation it is today due to the colonists that envisioned its future. Dr. Mark David Hall explains the theme of Christianity in the American story: