Self-Determination Theory Case Study Essay

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Introduction ‘Adrian’, a 47-year-old British male, who has recently joined his local gym has been attending 2-3 times a week for three weeks. However, he is starting to lose motivation to exercise as he “does not enjoy it”. Adrian perceives himself as “physically unfit” compared to other members, but his wife insists he attends. He occasionally visits with his colleague ‘Dave’ who is argumentative, restricts his activity choice and forces him to do exercises he does not enjoy. Thus, Adrian feels inefficacious in his ability to increase his cardiorespiratory fitness. This inhibits his feelings of competency, limits his attendance and has contributed to him considering revoking his membership. Thus, this intervention proposes the combination of self-efficacy theory (SET) and self-determination theory (SDT) to enhance …show more content…

Measures Using Bandura’s SE measurement guidelines (2006) and the exercise-self efficacy scale (ESES) McAuley et al. (2003), which focused on sustained aerobic exercise behaviour of formally sedentary adults, will be adapted to measure persistence. This will involve magnitude (I can turn up the gym three times per week); strength (I feel 0-100% certain I can turn up three times per week) and generality (I can go for one run a week outside). Persistence will also be measured objectively using attendance records. Measurements of self-determined motivation will be gathered using the Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2 (BREQ-2) (Markland, 2000). Markland and Tobin (2004) used the BREQ-2 to examine exercise perceptions of British participants, similar to Adrian. The Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale (Vlachopoulos and Michailidou, 2006) will also be used to measure the participants psychological needs

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