In Shakespeare’s A Midsummers Night’s Dream, magic and mystery are key components in the thriving plot through the use of having two worlds, fairy and mortals. In this play the fairies are depicted as whimsical free-spirited lovers of life who seek to help the mortals find true love. However, in the 1999 Hollywood film version of the play the fairies are portrayed as petty irritable party animals who are more mortal like than they should be. This interpretation of the play has lost the original magical and mystery aspect of the original story with the added rendition of scenes and lines in the movie. The movie version sets the scene in a modern setting in an Italian village giving it a different atmosphere.
The idea of witchcraft, first introduced in the Old Testament, persisted throughout the Dark Ages and remained important in Elizabethan England, wherein it was featured in the plays of Shakespeare, including Macbeth. In both periods, a witch was often described as an associate of the devil or other evil demon or spirit. If a person was considered a witch, that individual was assumed to have struck a deal with the devil and thus able to perform some sort of ‘dark’ magic, where dark refers to having an evil or selfish purpose or intent (Z 2). Despite the common elements, the beliefs and practices of witchcraft in the in the Dark Ages differed from those of Elizabethan Era. Whereas witchcraft in the Dark Ages was characterized by the presence
Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and A Midsummer Night’s Dream are two pieces of fiction that have been read for generations. Though the plots are different, each story exemplifies different ideologies of fantasy, and has similar fictional elements. Both stories feature a protagonist’s exit from the mundane world into a world of fantasy, and in both stories these protagonists return to their mundane world changed by their experiences in the realm of the marvelous. A Midsummer Night’s Dream and Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland are different stories, and therefore should require antagonists with different qualities, however, this is untrue. In fact, Puck and the Red Queen appear quite similar when closely examined because they both derive their power from the realm of the marvelous, their actions exact chaos and complicate the plot, and both offer full realizations of their protagonists’ deepest desires.
Introduction I chose the topic disguise and mistaken identities, I chose this topic because I found it interesting how Shakespeare made connections with the Victorian culture of disguises and mistaken identities in his work, it is also interesting to see how disguise was used centuries ago. I found some interesting connections to Shakespearean plays, for example, women would often disguise themselves as men to be able to work under certain circumstances as we can see in the comedy “Twelfth night”. I also found examples of disguises in the Victorian Era such as masquerade parties, and some mentions of disguises in Shakespearean times in other cultures, as well as how the use of disguise in literature was portrayed in theatre. Shakespearian plays and disguises
Introduction and thesis statement This research will focus on the Fantasy and Fairy tale theory ( Nikolajeva, 2006 ) and Harry Potter and the half blooded prince book . The purpose of this paper is to analyse the book by using the Fantasy and fairy tale theory. Moreover, the analysis will also take a closer look at how Harry potter conforms to an actual fantasy protagonist. Method and material Fantasy and fairy tale are used in several ways to categorize a story in which the following terms are profitable, Ontological: The branch of metaphysics that learns about the nature of existence. For instance, topics such as space, time ,cause , effect, existence and possibility could include in a metaphysical research.
More specifically, the words the characters use to assemble their thoughts and conversations divide the play in half; one half being reality, and the other, illusion. Throughout the course of Shakespeare’s “Othello,” the worlds of reality and illusion are constructed in order to reveal the underlying theme of perception vs. reality. The term “world” is difficult to define because different people have different ideas about what the world is. For some there is a religious connotation. However, when it is used to mean all things in existence it may have a different connotation depending on personal beliefs.
In Edward Tylor’s monumental proto-anthropology (1871), “animism” is defined as “a belief in souls or spirits” and is used as a synonym of “religion”. Tylor had considered labelling his theory “spiritualism”, but that was already strongly associated with a particular religious movement. (It might be significant that Spiritualism was gaining popularity in the late nineteenth century, contrary to the decline of religion that Tylor anticipated.) The term animism, however, carried associations with the “souls” and “spirits” that Tylor saw as central, definitive matters of religious belief in all religions. It had been previously used by Georg Stahl (1708) in a failed attempt to define the difference between living bodies and dead matter as the
“A ‘fairy-story’ is one which touches on or uses Faerie, whatever its own main purpose may be: satire, adventure, morality, fantasy. Faerie itself may perhaps most nearly be translated by Magic — but it is magic of a peculiar mood and power, at the furthest pole from the vulgar devices of the laborious, scientific, magician. There is one provision: if there is any satire present in the tale, one thing must not be made fun of, the magic itself. That must in that story be taken seriously, neither laughed at nor explained away.” - J.R.R. Tolkien 's 1939 essay "On Fairy Stories" In the story ‘The Pied Piper of Hamelin’ when the people of the village refused to pay the piper what they had promised for his services, he took all the children of the
Supernatural and Magic form a primary element of either plot, setting, theme or all three in the Fantasy genre. The strange and unreal is explained “by means of divine intervention, magic, or other supernatural forces.” The entire story might take place in a fantasy world, with distinct laws of nature that permit magic, wholly different from our own, as in the Harry Potter series. As opposed to the above genres, Marvelous realism now known as Magical Realism is marked by an acceptance of magic in the rational world. In the context of fables, myths and allegory it is often called Fabulism. Italian Massimo Bontempelli, said that “literature could be a means to create a collective consciousness by opening new mythical and magical perspectives on reality" “The Cuban writer Alejo Carpentier originated the term
In his poems, Yeats brought this vision of different worlds, sometimes describing or just making allusion to this another world, beyond our comprehension. As part of the Irish legends too, it was very common stories about how the fairies can affect our world, influencing humans or bringing then to the other world. This is also the plot of “The Stolen Child”, another poem written by Yeats that rescues this belief. But, different from this one, where the “trick side” of the fairies take place, in “The Hosting of the Sidhe” we can see the seductive one, that calls the hero almost like the sirens in the