Bomb Calorimeter is also being used in various different fields such as: • Thermodynamics Study Thermodynamics studies how heat changes to and from other energy forms. Bomb calorimeter is used in thermodynamics researches to measure the amount of heat involved in formation and reaction, change in enthalpy throughout the reaction and the heat of combustion. It is very vital in this field of study. • Educational Training For individuals who aim to pursue career which require the use of Bomb Calorimeter, need to be familiar with using this device. It is also used to elaborate on theories related to this field of
• Using the calculated values plot a graph between log (Re) and log (f). • Further, using Prandtl and Karman’s formula for rough pipes substitute the value for Reynolds’ number and friction factor and hence, find the value of pipe roughness ks. RESULTS After tabulating the obtained results, we can observe the value of friction factors for each flow rate are as follows: And we obtain the following log (Re) vs. log (f) graphs for Laminar flow: And for Turbulent
Abstract: This lab is envisioned to experimentally authenticate the theoretic formulations leading hydrostatic force and pressure middle on flooded flat superficial. The impartial of this laboratory is to regulate the hydrostatic insertion interim on plane superficial engrossed in water when the surface is partially submerged or fully submerged. Also to determine the untried center of pressure and the theoretic center of pressure for every of the trials executed. Introduction: When the quadrant is engrossed in water, it is conceivable to examine the forces substitute on the exteriors of the quadrant as: 1) the hydrostatic potency at a few facts on the bowed outsides is normal to the superficial and consequently fortitudes over and done with the hinge point for the reason that the pivot point is situated at the derivation of the radii. Hydrostatic forces on the higher and inferior curled exteriors consequently have no net rotation consequence; 2) the forces on the edges of the quadrant are equivalent and conflicting parallel forces; 3) the hydrostatic force on the perpendicular
3. To concentrate the impact of strain, preparing course and temperature amid ECAP on chip union 4. To assess the microstructure and the mechanical properties of as merged mass examples for various machining parameters and exploratory parameters in ECAP. 5. To improve conditions for better microstructure and mechanical properties.
In this approach of testing, integration testing is done on the individual module as a part of unit testing and in next phase, modules or components of the application are integrated incrementally and testing is performed on combined modules as a group. Out of three methodologies of Incremental Integration Testing, the choice of which methodology to choose depends on the structure of the application and also on the position of high-risk modules. All three methodologies of incremental testing come under Horizontal category because of following behavioral aspects: All three methodologies focus on layer testing All of them consider a structural or hierarchical design. All of them integrate layers incrementally. Merits of Incremental
A Study of Lethal Effects of High Power Laser over Various Materials by Transient Thermal Analysis using Finite Element Method Abstract: This paper describes the lethal effects of Laser during its interaction with metals. In this paper we discuss the thermal analysis for studying the changes in physical properties of different metals and alloys name copper (Cu), Aluminum (Al) and Stainless Steel (SS) using finite element analysis (FEA) technique. The ANSYS WORKBENCH 14 software was used along with 3D CAD (Computer-Aided Design) solid geometry to simulate the behavior of temperature distribution under thermal loading conditions. A comparative study is also done to simulate the effect of beam- combining. Introduction: A high power fiber laser
Procedure : In this test method, the ultrasonic pulse is produced by the transducer which is held in contact with one surface of the concrete member under test. After traversing a known path length Q in the concrete, the pulse of vibrations is converted into an electrical signal by the second transducer held in contact with other surface of the concrete member and an electronic 2 timing circuit enables the transit time (T) of the pulse to be measured. The pulse velocity (V) is given by : V = L/T 8.3.2 Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Method This method involves the measurement of velocity of electrostatic pulses passing through concrete from a transmitting transducer to a receiving transducer. The pulse also can be generated by hammer blow. The pulse generator circuit consists of electronic circuit for generating pulses and a transducer for transmitting these electronic pulses into mechanical energy having frequency 15 to 50 kHz.
Newton’s second law of motion relates the force, mass and acceleration through this equation: F=ma F=Force m=mass a= acceleration due to gravity Fig. 2 Accelerometer schematic diagram This Newton’s equation is the theory behind accelerometers. The sensing element essentially is a proof mass (also known as seismic mass). The proof mass is attached to a spring of stiffness k which in turn connected to its casing. Further, a dash pot is also included in a system to provide desirable