Cognition is the study of the mind works. When we study cognitive development, we are acknowledging the fact that changes occur in how we think and learn as we grow. There is a very big difference in the way that children and adults think about and understand their environment. Jean Piaget (1896-1980), a biology student did extensive research work in the area of child development and is attributed with the development of the theory of cognitive development which has played a major role in this field (child development). His approach of studying the development of the human mind was a synthesis of ideas drawn from biology and philosophy.
To facilitate learning of children, patterns of learning can be modified and more elements of cognitive training can be added in play of students. On the other hand, different students may achieve different levels of cognitive skills. It is important for teachers to notice the difference of progress of students. Different levels of intervention of framing of knowledge can be adopted by teachers, which influence students’ understanding of knowledge (Arcidiacono, & Perret-Clermont, 2009). Next, since only performance of one subject is observed, it is suggested to enlarge the scale of research and observe the performance of different participants.
As the first experiment was about how people learn better through different ways, I thought that the research question ‘What is the relationship between handedness and learning modalities?’ would fit better. By coming up with a new research question after thinking thoroughly of what would be the best for the experiment, I could develop my thinking skills greatly. To do the experiment, there were a lot of steps. Since I had already done background research for drafts of my Criterion A section, I had to set a hypothesis based on the knowledge from the research. The overall hypothesis was that ‘There will be a difference between learning modalities of left-handed and right-handed people because they have different sides developed in the brain.’ Then, I had planned for the experiment specifically, revising it many times with my supervisor, school science teachers, and research.
Although learning begins outside of the classroom it is very important because it is a central part of the process of education. Phycologist have been trying to understand the nature and process of learning and how individuals influence others through teaching and similar avenues for many years. Different theories view learning differently. According to behaviorists (Skinner 1974; Bandura 1986), learning refers to the development of emerging patterns in behavior. Behavioralist view learning as the changes in a person mind that
In an attempt to understand humans and how they behave psychologists have developed theories that seek to explain this. Social learning theory fathered by Albert Bandura 1971 proposes that humans learn from each other and from their environment. Bandura believes that children learn from adults –models. Similarly Lawrence Kohlberg in his theory on Moral development seeks to prove this very notion. Pre-convention Morality, Conventional Morality and Post- conventional Morality form the bases of Moral Development Theory.
Parents and teachers have to display and carry out their life in such a way that they want their children to follow. Children look up to such people and tend to follow their footsteps if they see that their parents or teachers are living and leading a respectable life. Social learning theory is a theory that attempts and aims to explain the purpose of socialization and the effect of such things on the development of individual young people. There are many different theories that explain the concept of socialization. Some of these theories are psychoanalytic theory, conflict theory and symbolic interaction.
Socialization process refers to when individuals learn their society’s values, beliefs, perceptions, etc. If what an individual takes from society is negative, that might lead to prejudice people that seem different from us based on race, religion, immigration and social status (Parrillo 513). Another way to look at this from a smaller scale is to think about a child’s development. While developing, most of what a child learns will come from the child’s family. For instance, the family values and beliefs.
When trying to explain social behavior on how an individual acts within a social context in relation to others, personality psychologists stated that individual differences are the behavior in term of the person’s individual character traits. While social psychologists would agree that personalities do vary, they simplify that social behavior in terms of the power of the social situation to shape how one acts as construed by the individual. According to Aronson, Wilson & Akert (2013), social psychology is about thoughts, feelings and behaviors in social situation. The motivation of why do people conform can be explained by social influence. In this modernization age, teachers
The competency has enabled me to gain a better understanding of the ecology theory, understanding how the person and the environment interact with each other, but also on each other. While shadowing out in the counties with various caseworkers, I have observed as they have assessed cases and interviewed clients. It has allowed me to apply theories and knowledge I have learned in class to real life situations to gain a deeper understanding. I have seen how the way a client was raised can influence the way in which they raise their children themselves, and how their environment can also affect these changes. For example, a client who was beaten themselves as a child may be more likely to beat their own children, and this factor could be increased if they were living in a stressful
Sociocultural theory focuses not only how adults and peers influence individual learning, but also, on how cultural beliefs and attitudes influences how instruction and learning take place. Vygotsky theory is children are born with basic biological constraints on their minds. Each culture provides what he referred to as ‘tools of intellectual adaptation.’ These tools allow students to use their basic mental abilities in a way that is adaptive to the culture in they which they live. For example, while one culture might emphasize memory strategies such as note-taking, other cultures might use tools like reminders or rote memorization. Vygotsky placed a greater emphasis on how social factors influence development, he stressed the essential role that social interactions play in cognitive